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A comparison of treatment-seeking behavioral addiction patients with and without Parkinson's disease

Sauvaget, Anne; Jiménez-Murcia, Susana; Fernández-Aranda, Fernando; Granero, Roser; Grall-Bronnec, Marie; Victorri-Vigneau, Caroline; Bulteau, Samuel; Derkinderen, Pascal; Vanelle, Jean M. and Hakansson, Anders LU , et al. (2017) In Frontiers in Psychiatry 8(NOV).
Abstract

The administration of dopaminergic medication to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with addictive behaviors and impulse control disorders. Little is known, however, on how PD patients differ from other patients seeking treatments for behavioral addictions. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of behavioral addiction patients with and without PD. N = 2,460 treatment-seeking men diagnosed with a behavioral addiction were recruited from a university hospital. Sociodemographic, impulsivity [Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11)], and personality [Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R)] measures were taken upon admission to outpatient treatment. Patients in the PD group were older... (More)

The administration of dopaminergic medication to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with addictive behaviors and impulse control disorders. Little is known, however, on how PD patients differ from other patients seeking treatments for behavioral addictions. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of behavioral addiction patients with and without PD. N = 2,460 treatment-seeking men diagnosed with a behavioral addiction were recruited from a university hospital. Sociodemographic, impulsivity [Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11)], and personality [Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R)] measures were taken upon admission to outpatient treatment. Patients in the PD group were older and had a higher prevalence of mood disorders than patients without PD. In terms of personality characteristics and impulsivity traits, PD patients appeared to present a more functional profile than PD-free patients with a behavioral addiction. Our results suggest that PD patients with a behavioral addiction could be more difficult to detect than their PD-free counterparts in behavioral addiction clinical setting due to their reduced levels of impulsivity and more standard personality traits. As a whole, this suggests that PD patients with a behavioral addiction may have different needs from PD-free behavioral addiction patients and that they could potentially benefit from targeted interventions.

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published
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keywords
Behavioral addictions, Gambling disorder, Impulse control disorders, Impulsivity, Parkinson's disease, Personality
in
Frontiers in Psychiatry
volume
8
issue
NOV
publisher
Frontiers Media S. A.
external identifiers
  • scopus:85033573041
  • wos:000414310300001
ISSN
1664-0640
DOI
10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00214
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English
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yes
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1be8effc-b7a9-4e49-b3cd-0ee218a56065
date added to LUP
2017-11-22 11:13:35
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2018-02-22 03:00:23
@article{1be8effc-b7a9-4e49-b3cd-0ee218a56065,
  abstract     = {<p>The administration of dopaminergic medication to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with addictive behaviors and impulse control disorders. Little is known, however, on how PD patients differ from other patients seeking treatments for behavioral addictions. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of behavioral addiction patients with and without PD. N = 2,460 treatment-seeking men diagnosed with a behavioral addiction were recruited from a university hospital. Sociodemographic, impulsivity [Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11)], and personality [Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R)] measures were taken upon admission to outpatient treatment. Patients in the PD group were older and had a higher prevalence of mood disorders than patients without PD. In terms of personality characteristics and impulsivity traits, PD patients appeared to present a more functional profile than PD-free patients with a behavioral addiction. Our results suggest that PD patients with a behavioral addiction could be more difficult to detect than their PD-free counterparts in behavioral addiction clinical setting due to their reduced levels of impulsivity and more standard personality traits. As a whole, this suggests that PD patients with a behavioral addiction may have different needs from PD-free behavioral addiction patients and that they could potentially benefit from targeted interventions.</p>},
  articleno    = {214},
  author       = {Sauvaget, Anne and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana and Fernández-Aranda, Fernando and Granero, Roser and Grall-Bronnec, Marie and Victorri-Vigneau, Caroline and Bulteau, Samuel and Derkinderen, Pascal and Vanelle, Jean M. and Hakansson, Anders and Mestre-Bach, Gemma and Steward, Trevor and Menchón, José M.},
  issn         = {1664-0640},
  keyword      = {Behavioral addictions,Gambling disorder,Impulse control disorders,Impulsivity,Parkinson's disease,Personality},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {NOV},
  publisher    = {Frontiers Media S. A.},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychiatry},
  title        = {A comparison of treatment-seeking behavioral addiction patients with and without Parkinson's disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00214},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2017},
}