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Experiences of falls and strategies to manage the consequences of falls in persons with late effects of polio : A qualitative study

Brogårdh, Christina LU ; Lexell, Jan LU and Hammarlund, Catharina Sjödahl LU (2017) In Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine2001-01-01+01:00 49(8). p.652-658
Abstract

Objective: To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls. Design: A qualitative study with face-To-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. Participants: Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio. Results: Analysis resulted in one main theme, "Everyday life is a challenge to avoid the consequences of falls", and 3 categories with 7 subcategories. Participants perceived that falls were unpredictable and could occur anywhere. Even slightly uneven surfaces could cause a fall, and increased impairments following late effects of polio led to reduced movement control and an inability to... (More)

Objective: To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls. Design: A qualitative study with face-To-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. Participants: Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio. Results: Analysis resulted in one main theme, "Everyday life is a challenge to avoid the consequences of falls", and 3 categories with 7 subcategories. Participants perceived that falls were unpredictable and could occur anywhere. Even slightly uneven surfaces could cause a fall, and increased impairments following late effects of polio led to reduced movement control and an inability to adjust balance quickly. Physical injuries were described after the falls, as well as emotional and psychological reactions, such as embarrassment, frustration and fear of falling. Assistive devices, careful planning and strategic thinking were strategies to prevent falls, together with adaptation and social comparisons to mitigate the emotional reactions. Conclusion: Experiences of falls greatly affect persons with late effects of polio in daily life. To reduce falls and fall-related consequences both problemfocused and emotion-focused strategies are used. In order to increase daily functioning, these findings should be included in a multifaceted falls management programme.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Accidental falls, Activities of daily living, Coping skills, Emotions, Post-poliomyelitis syndrome, Qualitative research.
in
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine2001-01-01+01:00
volume
49
issue
8
pages
7 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85027004761
  • wos:000410760700006
ISSN
1650-1977
DOI
10.2340/16501977-2262
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1bf24db4-e194-4d18-aeff-389092b3f554
date added to LUP
2017-10-19 11:01:08
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:23:42
@article{1bf24db4-e194-4d18-aeff-389092b3f554,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls. Design: A qualitative study with face-To-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. Participants: Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio. Results: Analysis resulted in one main theme, "Everyday life is a challenge to avoid the consequences of falls", and 3 categories with 7 subcategories. Participants perceived that falls were unpredictable and could occur anywhere. Even slightly uneven surfaces could cause a fall, and increased impairments following late effects of polio led to reduced movement control and an inability to adjust balance quickly. Physical injuries were described after the falls, as well as emotional and psychological reactions, such as embarrassment, frustration and fear of falling. Assistive devices, careful planning and strategic thinking were strategies to prevent falls, together with adaptation and social comparisons to mitigate the emotional reactions. Conclusion: Experiences of falls greatly affect persons with late effects of polio in daily life. To reduce falls and fall-related consequences both problemfocused and emotion-focused strategies are used. In order to increase daily functioning, these findings should be included in a multifaceted falls management programme.</p>},
  author       = {Brogårdh, Christina and Lexell, Jan and Hammarlund, Catharina Sjödahl},
  issn         = {1650-1977},
  keyword      = {Accidental falls,Activities of daily living,Coping skills,Emotions,Post-poliomyelitis syndrome,Qualitative research.},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {652--658},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine2001-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Experiences of falls and strategies to manage the consequences of falls in persons with late effects of polio : A qualitative study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2262},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2017},
}