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Att bo med soffa : en möbels betydelse för bostadens planering och livet i hemmet

Mitchell, Birgitta LU (2001) In Asplundsbiblioteket 2001:1.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Soffan är en stor och vanligt förekommande möbel. Hur viktig den är blir särskilt tydligt när människor själva planerar sina bostäder och ekonomin styr bostadens storlek. Erfarenheter från tre projekt med brukarinflytande i bostadsplanering ligger till grund för det här avhandlingsarbetet. I samtal kring soffan visar det sig att den är intimt förknippad med värderingar och företeelser i människors liv. Den tar stor plats i det rum som används för umgänge och tevetittande. Den ställs så att det sociala umgänget, kontrollen över barnens aktiviteter, tevetittandet eller särskilt visuella upplevelser främjas. Soffan och soffplatsen berättar något om sina ägare och användare. I sju berättelser... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Soffan är en stor och vanligt förekommande möbel. Hur viktig den är blir särskilt tydligt när människor själva planerar sina bostäder och ekonomin styr bostadens storlek. Erfarenheter från tre projekt med brukarinflytande i bostadsplanering ligger till grund för det här avhandlingsarbetet. I samtal kring soffan visar det sig att den är intimt förknippad med värderingar och företeelser i människors liv. Den tar stor plats i det rum som används för umgänge och tevetittande. Den ställs så att det sociala umgänget, kontrollen över barnens aktiviteter, tevetittandet eller särskilt visuella upplevelser främjas. Soffan och soffplatsen berättar något om sina ägare och användare. I sju berättelser filtreras lika många historier genom olika teorier och jämförande studier. Angreppssättet är fenomenologiskt. Soffan träder fram som hemmets och vardagslivets medelpunkt där upplevda myskvällar i soffan i ungdomshemmet överförs som en traditionen till de egna barnen. Betydelsen beskrivs utifrån psykoanalytisk teori. Soffors affektionsvärden kan återberätta andra livshistorier. De fyller hemmet med minnen samtidigt som de är viktiga platser varifrån dagen fylls med nya innehåll. Människors inställning till soffans förnyelse kan också ha drag av ett karriärtänkande, där nybyggda bostäder kräver en ny möbel. En annan utveckling är den som soffan själv genomgår när generella livsmönster förändras i ett samhälle. Exemplet är tevens inträde i vardagsrummen som håller på att avlösas av datorns. Hemmet med soffan kan också avspegla vem man är och vem man vill vara. Denna aspekt behandlas utifrån den dramaturgiska sociologins perspektiv. Smaken är också olika, vilket behandlas i samband med att kultur, livsform och livsstil diskuteras. Även genusperspektivet står i fokus där förändrade könsroller kan avläsas i bostadens planering. Ett viktigt skäl att sätta soffan i centrum är att arkitekter behöver tillgång till användares inifrånperspektiv för att kunna planera bostäder på ett så insiktsfullt sätt som möjligt. (Less)
Abstract
Experiences of participatory design with full-scale modelling in three case studies form the basis of this work. When the participants in these studies visualised their dwellings there was a strong focus on the sofa. This piece of furniture is one of the most common in Swedish homes. It also requires much space. Additionally, the lay-people focused on different kinds of functional needs while sitting in the sofa, such as the possibility to watch the children play, to be able to see the television-screen, and to have a good view of the outdoor environment. Furthermore, the sofa is the bearer of important aesthetic values and for some people even sentimental value. These findings raised the question what could be learned about different... (More)
Experiences of participatory design with full-scale modelling in three case studies form the basis of this work. When the participants in these studies visualised their dwellings there was a strong focus on the sofa. This piece of furniture is one of the most common in Swedish homes. It also requires much space. Additionally, the lay-people focused on different kinds of functional needs while sitting in the sofa, such as the possibility to watch the children play, to be able to see the television-screen, and to have a good view of the outdoor environment. Furthermore, the sofa is the bearer of important aesthetic values and for some people even sentimental value. These findings raised the question what could be learned about different people’s relationship to their homes. The intention has been to improve professional practice of today concerning house design. In seven narratives individual “home-builders” describe the processes of developing their homes and especially the role of their sofas. Each story is reflected, using scientific theories and/or comparative studies. The approach is phenomenological. The influence of the childhood sofa when arranging the home for the adult person is analysed from a psychoanalytical point of view. Another topic for discussion is what the effects are when the sofa is considered both as a stage and a place for the audience. This affects the arrangements of every single space and practical living function. Being surrounded by old and dear objects, including sofas that require a special environment and treatment, gives rise to a discussion concerning which considerations that should be made in order to make room for aspects of sentimental value. During a lifetime people also experience different cultures and environments that have an impact on their priorities and way of living. Therefore life-styles and ways of life are dealt with in one chapter. People are not always, however, attached to the sofas they already possess. The process of moving to a new dwelling with new wallpaper and floor surfaces also raises the need to replace pieces of furniture such as sofas. The theme of replacement can thus be compared to the theme of having a career. But the sofa also has a career of its own. Very rarely used in the living-rooms less than fifty years ago it today seems to be the place where contemporary everyday life, including all kinds of activities, goes on. Finally, gender aspects could have been integrated in every single story. As a topic for discussion gender considerations are focused on in order to understand how requirements on house design change with a shift in sex roles. The aim of the thesis is to offer professional designers, i. e. architects, further means to reflect on what the demands and expectations are for contemporary Swedish house design. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Ph D. Westerberg, Ulla, Centre for built environment (BMG), Gävle University
organization
alternative title
Dwelling with sofa. The meaning of a piece of furniture in house design and life at home.
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
participatory design, interior design, house design, gender, lifestyle, sofa, home, Architecture, dwelling, Arkitektur, inredningsarkitektur
in
Asplundsbiblioteket
volume
2001:1
pages
239 pages
publisher
Birgitta Rydberg Mitchell, Architecture - Building Functions Analysis, Lund Institute of Technology, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund,
defense location
Full-Scale Laboratory, School of Architecture
defense date
2001-05-18 10:15
ISSN
1404-1235
ISBN
91-628-4707-4
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
fcadabc9-8e7d-4aff-90e6-2eda028cec1f (old id 20034)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 15:55:26
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{fcadabc9-8e7d-4aff-90e6-2eda028cec1f,
  abstract     = {Experiences of participatory design with full-scale modelling in three case studies form the basis of this work. When the participants in these studies visualised their dwellings there was a strong focus on the sofa. This piece of furniture is one of the most common in Swedish homes. It also requires much space. Additionally, the lay-people focused on different kinds of functional needs while sitting in the sofa, such as the possibility to watch the children play, to be able to see the television-screen, and to have a good view of the outdoor environment. Furthermore, the sofa is the bearer of important aesthetic values and for some people even sentimental value. These findings raised the question what could be learned about different people’s relationship to their homes. The intention has been to improve professional practice of today concerning house design. In seven narratives individual “home-builders” describe the processes of developing their homes and especially the role of their sofas. Each story is reflected, using scientific theories and/or comparative studies. The approach is phenomenological. The influence of the childhood sofa when arranging the home for the adult person is analysed from a psychoanalytical point of view. Another topic for discussion is what the effects are when the sofa is considered both as a stage and a place for the audience. This affects the arrangements of every single space and practical living function. Being surrounded by old and dear objects, including sofas that require a special environment and treatment, gives rise to a discussion concerning which considerations that should be made in order to make room for aspects of sentimental value. During a lifetime people also experience different cultures and environments that have an impact on their priorities and way of living. Therefore life-styles and ways of life are dealt with in one chapter. People are not always, however, attached to the sofas they already possess. The process of moving to a new dwelling with new wallpaper and floor surfaces also raises the need to replace pieces of furniture such as sofas. The theme of replacement can thus be compared to the theme of having a career. But the sofa also has a career of its own. Very rarely used in the living-rooms less than fifty years ago it today seems to be the place where contemporary everyday life, including all kinds of activities, goes on. Finally, gender aspects could have been integrated in every single story. As a topic for discussion gender considerations are focused on in order to understand how requirements on house design change with a shift in sex roles. The aim of the thesis is to offer professional designers, i. e. architects, further means to reflect on what the demands and expectations are for contemporary Swedish house design.},
  author       = {Mitchell, Birgitta},
  isbn         = {91-628-4707-4},
  issn         = {1404-1235},
  keyword      = {participatory design,interior design,house design,gender,lifestyle,sofa,home,Architecture,dwelling,Arkitektur,inredningsarkitektur},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {239},
  publisher    = {Birgitta Rydberg Mitchell, Architecture - Building Functions Analysis, Lund Institute of Technology, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Asplundsbiblioteket},
  title        = {Att bo med soffa : en möbels betydelse för bostadens planering och livet i hemmet},
  volume       = {2001:1},
  year         = {2001},
}