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Overcoming delayed in-vitro response to rFVIIa: effects of rFVIIa and rFVIIa analogue (vatreptacog alfa) concentration escalation in whole blood assays.

Brophy, Donald F; Martin, Erika J; Barrett, J Christian; Nolte, Melinda E; Kuhn, Janice G; Hedner, Ulla LU and Ezban, Mirella (2011) In Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis 22. p.541-546
Abstract
In a previous pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic study in nonbleeding hemophilia patients, variability in laboratory response to recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) 90 μg/kg was noted, and the patients were described as delayed or rapid laboratory responders based on time to clot formation. The current study determined whether in-vitro experiments could reproduce previous in-vivo findings; whether the delayed laboratory response to rFVIIa 90 μg/kg is improved by spiking with high-dose rFVIIa or rFVIIa analogue (vatreptacog alfa); whether a dose-response is observed with our method. In-vitro experiments were conducted in our previous patient cohort using rFVIIa 1.28 and 3.84 μg/ml and vatreptacog alfa 0.28 and 0.56 μg/ml. Whole blood studies were... (More)
In a previous pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic study in nonbleeding hemophilia patients, variability in laboratory response to recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) 90 μg/kg was noted, and the patients were described as delayed or rapid laboratory responders based on time to clot formation. The current study determined whether in-vitro experiments could reproduce previous in-vivo findings; whether the delayed laboratory response to rFVIIa 90 μg/kg is improved by spiking with high-dose rFVIIa or rFVIIa analogue (vatreptacog alfa); whether a dose-response is observed with our method. In-vitro experiments were conducted in our previous patient cohort using rFVIIa 1.28 and 3.84 μg/ml and vatreptacog alfa 0.28 and 0.56 μg/ml. Whole blood studies were conducted using the Hemodyne Hemostasis Analysis System (platelet contractile force, clot elastic modulus, force onset time) and rotational thromboelastometry (clotting time, maximum clot firmness). Spiking with rFVIIa 1.28 μg/ml showed the same distribution of delayed and rapid laboratory response as observed previously. Increasing in-vitro rFVIIa concentrations improved the coagulation parameters; however, there remained delayed and rapid responders. Vatreptacog alfa improved the coagulation parameters at all concentrations tested, and the 0.56 μg/ml concentration normalized the force onset time, platelet contractile force, clot elastic modulus and clotting time parameters. A dose-response was observed with both assays. There was good agreement between the laboratory responses obtained after intravenous administration of rFVIIa 90 μg/kg and in-vitro spiking studies. Escalating rFVIIa and vatreptacog alfa concentrations improved coagulation parameters in all patients compared to rFVIIa 1.28 μg/ml. Vatreptacog alfa produced more pronounced coagulation effects at lower concentrations than rFVIIa; and the 0.56 μg/ml concentration completely normalized responses in all patients. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
volume
22
pages
541 - 546
publisher
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
external identifiers
  • wos:000293823700015
  • pmid:21681082
  • scopus:80052102936
ISSN
1473-5733
DOI
10.1097/MBC.0b013e328348d9e5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b51979a1-b81a-4538-a755-dc862db7a253 (old id 2007959)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21681082?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-07-05 12:32:19
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:36:39
@article{b51979a1-b81a-4538-a755-dc862db7a253,
  abstract     = {In a previous pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic study in nonbleeding hemophilia patients, variability in laboratory response to recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) 90 μg/kg was noted, and the patients were described as delayed or rapid laboratory responders based on time to clot formation. The current study determined whether in-vitro experiments could reproduce previous in-vivo findings; whether the delayed laboratory response to rFVIIa 90 μg/kg is improved by spiking with high-dose rFVIIa or rFVIIa analogue (vatreptacog alfa); whether a dose-response is observed with our method. In-vitro experiments were conducted in our previous patient cohort using rFVIIa 1.28 and 3.84 μg/ml and vatreptacog alfa 0.28 and 0.56 μg/ml. Whole blood studies were conducted using the Hemodyne Hemostasis Analysis System (platelet contractile force, clot elastic modulus, force onset time) and rotational thromboelastometry (clotting time, maximum clot firmness). Spiking with rFVIIa 1.28 μg/ml showed the same distribution of delayed and rapid laboratory response as observed previously. Increasing in-vitro rFVIIa concentrations improved the coagulation parameters; however, there remained delayed and rapid responders. Vatreptacog alfa improved the coagulation parameters at all concentrations tested, and the 0.56 μg/ml concentration normalized the force onset time, platelet contractile force, clot elastic modulus and clotting time parameters. A dose-response was observed with both assays. There was good agreement between the laboratory responses obtained after intravenous administration of rFVIIa 90 μg/kg and in-vitro spiking studies. Escalating rFVIIa and vatreptacog alfa concentrations improved coagulation parameters in all patients compared to rFVIIa 1.28 μg/ml. Vatreptacog alfa produced more pronounced coagulation effects at lower concentrations than rFVIIa; and the 0.56 μg/ml concentration completely normalized responses in all patients.},
  author       = {Brophy, Donald F and Martin, Erika J and Barrett, J Christian and Nolte, Melinda E and Kuhn, Janice G and Hedner, Ulla and Ezban, Mirella},
  issn         = {1473-5733},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {541--546},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams and Wilkins},
  series       = {Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis},
  title        = {Overcoming delayed in-vitro response to rFVIIa: effects of rFVIIa and rFVIIa analogue (vatreptacog alfa) concentration escalation in whole blood assays.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0b013e328348d9e5},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2011},
}