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Unga arbetslösas ansikten : identitet och subjektivitet i det svenska och danska samhället

Stojanovic, Verica LU (2001) In Lund Dissertations in Sociology 36.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Studier om undomars arbetsmotivation och inställning till arbete fokuserar ofta på skolundomar, vilket kan ge idealiserade bilder eftersom dessa ungdomar ännu inte försökt ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden. Verica Stojanovics avhandling fokuserar emellertid på ”äldre” (20-29 åriga) svenska och danska ungdomar som varit arbetslösa i några månader eller mer och hunnit känna av hur det är att vara arbetslös. Danmark har till skillnad från Sverige, i mer än 20 år haft hög arbetslöshet (med undantag för de senaste sex åren), där ofta någon av de arbetslösa ungdomarnas föräldrar varit eller är arbetslösa. Stojanovic diskuterar diskuterar hur detta förhållande har påverkat de unga arbetslösas situation,... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Studier om undomars arbetsmotivation och inställning till arbete fokuserar ofta på skolundomar, vilket kan ge idealiserade bilder eftersom dessa ungdomar ännu inte försökt ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden. Verica Stojanovics avhandling fokuserar emellertid på ”äldre” (20-29 åriga) svenska och danska ungdomar som varit arbetslösa i några månader eller mer och hunnit känna av hur det är att vara arbetslös. Danmark har till skillnad från Sverige, i mer än 20 år haft hög arbetslöshet (med undantag för de senaste sex åren), där ofta någon av de arbetslösa ungdomarnas föräldrar varit eller är arbetslösa. Stojanovic diskuterar diskuterar hur detta förhållande har påverkat de unga arbetslösas situation, ungdomars förhållningssätt, arbetsmotivation och handlingsalternativ i Sverige och Danmark under åren 1992 till 1996. Hon urskiljer 15 sociala typer av arbetslösa ungdomar : de rastlösa, de maktlösa, de flyttbenägna, de kontaktlösa, de ambivalenta, de värnpliktsfixerade, de traditionella , de sargade, de frustrerade, vardagsfilosoferna, de oberörda, äventyrarna, drömmarna, melankolikerna och livsnjutarna. Alla har de sin speciella karakteristika och uppsättning av handlingsalternativ. Vissa av grupperna visar på att en polarisering av inställningen till arbetet hade skapats i arbetslöshetens karantän ; några beter sig som ”de duktiga arbetslösa” som står till arbetsmarknadens förfogande och har identiteten ”lönearbetare”, medan andra beter sig som ”de flexibla, subjektiverade arbetslösa” och konstruerar sina egna livsspår. Samtidigt sätter Stojanovic dessa grupper i relation till arbetsmarknadens krav; d.v.s om de ungas förhållningssätt kan leda till ett inträde på arbetsmarknaden eller inte och utvecklar härigenom fyra ytterligare fyra grupper; de anpassade, de kvalificerade, de diskvalificerade och de icke-anpassade. Med hjälp av modernitets- och senmodernitetsteorier diskuterar samhällsutvecklingen och vad det innebär att vara ung och arbetslös idag. Författaren betonar särskilt den sociala och etniska bakgrundens roll för vem som blir arbetslös och därmed marginaliseras. (Less)
Abstract
My aim is to show how unemployed youth, in Sweden and Denmark, during the years 1992-1996, were coping with their situation as unemployed, by focusing on their motivation for work, their conception of work, and their alternative action. Swedish youth have for a number of decades lived with a labour market policy which has had full employment as a goal and included active measures. Danish youth have grown up with high unemployment and some parents even have been or are out of work. Denmark has had high levels of unemployment for 20 years and only in recent years (from1996) has there been a more active labour market policy. I have constructed empirical social types to increase the understanding of differences between managing the situation... (More)
My aim is to show how unemployed youth, in Sweden and Denmark, during the years 1992-1996, were coping with their situation as unemployed, by focusing on their motivation for work, their conception of work, and their alternative action. Swedish youth have for a number of decades lived with a labour market policy which has had full employment as a goal and included active measures. Danish youth have grown up with high unemployment and some parents even have been or are out of work. Denmark has had high levels of unemployment for 20 years and only in recent years (from1996) has there been a more active labour market policy. I have constructed empirical social types to increase the understanding of differences between managing the situation as unemployed, between nationality, between the sexes and attitudes towards work. The social types are for example; ”the restless”, ”the adventures”, ”the lacerated” , ”the dreamers” and ” the life enjoyers”. By dividing unemployed youth in social types the polarization about the conception of work has become more clear, for example, between ”the restless” and ”the life enjoyers”. Why the youth chose different alternatives of action and the reason why some can be seen as subjectivized and others not, has to do with four factors; labour market policy, influence of parents, the development of identity, and societal changes, which leads to new conditions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Ekerwald, Hedvig, Uppsala
organization
alternative title
The faces of unemployed youth- Identity and Subjectivity in Swedish and Danish society
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sociology of labour, Sociologi, Sociology, interviews/diaries, typology, second generation of immigrant youth, polarization, subjectivation, late-modernity/subjectivity, modernity/identity, youth, unemployment, sociology of enterprise, Arbetslivssociologi, företagssociologi, Social problems and welfare, national insurance, Sociala problem, social välfärd, socialförsäkring
in
Lund Dissertations in Sociology
volume
36
pages
237 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Carolinasalen. Lunds Universitet
defense date
2001-05-29 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SASO--01/1136--SE
ISSN
1102-4712
ISBN
91-7267-042-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
c7a8be64-2e59-4929-86ea-19d14f8910d2 (old id 20209)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 09:49:50
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:23:15
@phdthesis{c7a8be64-2e59-4929-86ea-19d14f8910d2,
  abstract     = {My aim is to show how unemployed youth, in Sweden and Denmark, during the years 1992-1996, were coping with their situation as unemployed, by focusing on their motivation for work, their conception of work, and their alternative action. Swedish youth have for a number of decades lived with a labour market policy which has had full employment as a goal and included active measures. Danish youth have grown up with high unemployment and some parents even have been or are out of work. Denmark has had high levels of unemployment for 20 years and only in recent years (from1996) has there been a more active labour market policy. I have constructed empirical social types to increase the understanding of differences between managing the situation as unemployed, between nationality, between the sexes and attitudes towards work. The social types are for example; ”the restless”, ”the adventures”, ”the lacerated” , ”the dreamers” and ” the life enjoyers”. By dividing unemployed youth in social types the polarization about the conception of work has become more clear, for example, between ”the restless” and ”the life enjoyers”. Why the youth chose different alternatives of action and the reason why some can be seen as subjectivized and others not, has to do with four factors; labour market policy, influence of parents, the development of identity, and societal changes, which leads to new conditions.},
  author       = {Stojanovic, Verica},
  isbn         = {91-7267-042-8},
  issn         = {1102-4712},
  keyword      = {Sociology of labour,Sociologi,Sociology,interviews/diaries,typology,second generation of immigrant youth,polarization,subjectivation,late-modernity/subjectivity,modernity/identity,youth,unemployment,sociology of enterprise,Arbetslivssociologi,företagssociologi,Social problems and welfare,national insurance,Sociala problem,social välfärd,socialförsäkring},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {237},
  publisher    = {Department of Sociology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Sociology},
  title        = {Unga arbetslösas ansikten : identitet och subjektivitet i det svenska och danska samhället},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2001},
}