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The impact of personality factors on delay in seeking treatment of acute myocardial infarction

Schlyter, Mona; André-Petersson, Lena LU ; Engström, Gunnar LU ; Tydén, Patrik LU and Östman, Margareta LU (2011) In BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 11.
Abstract
Background: Early hospital arrival and rapid intervention for acute myocardial infarction is essential for a successful outcome. Several studies have been unable to identify explanatory factors that slowed decision time. The present study examines whether personality, psychosocial factors, and coping strategies might explain differences in time delay from onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction to arrival at a hospital emergency room. Methods: Questionnaires on coping strategies, personality dimensions, and depression were completed by 323 patients ages 26 to 70 who had suffered an acute myocardial infarction. Tests measuring stress adaptation were completed by 180 of them. The patients were then categorised into three groups,... (More)
Background: Early hospital arrival and rapid intervention for acute myocardial infarction is essential for a successful outcome. Several studies have been unable to identify explanatory factors that slowed decision time. The present study examines whether personality, psychosocial factors, and coping strategies might explain differences in time delay from onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction to arrival at a hospital emergency room. Methods: Questionnaires on coping strategies, personality dimensions, and depression were completed by 323 patients ages 26 to 70 who had suffered an acute myocardial infarction. Tests measuring stress adaptation were completed by 180 of them. The patients were then categorised into three groups, based on time from onset of symptoms until arrival at hospital, and compared using logistic regression analysis and general linear models. Results: No correlation could be established between personality factors (i.e., extraversion, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness) or depressive symptoms and time between onset of symptoms and arrival at hospital. Nor was there any significant relationship between self-reported patient coping strategies and time delay. Conclusions: We found no significant relationship between personality factors, coping strategies, or depression and time delays in seeking hospital after an acute myocardial infraction. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
volume
11
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000292036200001
  • scopus:79956050411
ISSN
1471-2261
DOI
10.1186/1471-2261-11-21
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
04190748-6562-40af-9c00-c64f4ce7c3f6 (old id 2049240)
date added to LUP
2011-08-02 08:59:46
date last changed
2017-04-09 03:56:56
@article{04190748-6562-40af-9c00-c64f4ce7c3f6,
  abstract     = {Background: Early hospital arrival and rapid intervention for acute myocardial infarction is essential for a successful outcome. Several studies have been unable to identify explanatory factors that slowed decision time. The present study examines whether personality, psychosocial factors, and coping strategies might explain differences in time delay from onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction to arrival at a hospital emergency room. Methods: Questionnaires on coping strategies, personality dimensions, and depression were completed by 323 patients ages 26 to 70 who had suffered an acute myocardial infarction. Tests measuring stress adaptation were completed by 180 of them. The patients were then categorised into three groups, based on time from onset of symptoms until arrival at hospital, and compared using logistic regression analysis and general linear models. Results: No correlation could be established between personality factors (i.e., extraversion, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness) or depressive symptoms and time between onset of symptoms and arrival at hospital. Nor was there any significant relationship between self-reported patient coping strategies and time delay. Conclusions: We found no significant relationship between personality factors, coping strategies, or depression and time delays in seeking hospital after an acute myocardial infraction.},
  author       = {Schlyter, Mona and André-Petersson, Lena and Engström, Gunnar and Tydén, Patrik and Östman, Margareta},
  issn         = {1471-2261},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Cardiovascular Disorders},
  title        = {The impact of personality factors on delay in seeking treatment of acute myocardial infarction},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-11-21},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}