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Skog, makt och människor. En miljöhistoria om svensk skog 1800-1875.

Eliasson, Per LU (2002) In Skogs- och lantbrukshistoriska meddelanden 25.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Syftet med denna avhandling är att undersöka varför och hur skogsbruk införs i Sverige under 1800-talet och vilka konsekvenser det har under perioden. Med skogsbruk avses den systematiska odling av högskog som sprids från Tyskland från 1700-talets slut. De konsekvenser som avses är de naturförändringar och de sociala konflikter som skogsbruket medför liksom de nya värderingarna kring skog och skogsutnyttjande. Genom en miljöhistorisk undersökning analyseras de samhälleliga förändringarna i samspel med naturförändringarna.



Genom att betrakta skogsbruk som skogsodling i vid bemärkelse, anknyter avhandlingen till den internationella forskning vilken ser konkurrensen om... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Syftet med denna avhandling är att undersöka varför och hur skogsbruk införs i Sverige under 1800-talet och vilka konsekvenser det har under perioden. Med skogsbruk avses den systematiska odling av högskog som sprids från Tyskland från 1700-talets slut. De konsekvenser som avses är de naturförändringar och de sociala konflikter som skogsbruket medför liksom de nya värderingarna kring skog och skogsutnyttjande. Genom en miljöhistorisk undersökning analyseras de samhälleliga förändringarna i samspel med naturförändringarna.



Genom att betrakta skogsbruk som skogsodling i vid bemärkelse, anknyter avhandlingen till den internationella forskning vilken ser konkurrensen om markutnyttjandet mellan livsmedelsproduktion och skogsproduktion som en orsak till substitution och specialisering. Undersökningen omfattar en tilltagande brist på ekvirke för den svenska flottan och bristens ekologiska och politiska orsaker. Vilken betydelse virkesbristen, tillsammans med konflikter kring de traditionella rättigheterna till skogsutnyttjande, har för införandet av systematiskt skogsbruk, analyseras. De olika skogsbruksmetoderna och deras samband med natur- och samhällsförändringar undersöks. Vidare behandlas de samhälleliga värderingarna kring träd och skog och olika föreställningar om vad skog är och vilken betydelse den har. Den storskaliga exploateringen av den boreala skogen i norra Sverige ses i kontrast till det skogsodlande skogsbruket i södra Sverige.



De viktigaste slutsatserna är att införandet av skogsbruk i Sverige har ett tydligt samband med det agrara samhällets växande naturresursproblem som förstärks under den agrara revolutionen, att det kräver långtgående förändringar i fördelningssystemen genom avskaffande av traditionella rättigheter till skogsutnyttjande, att äldre värderingar kring träd och skog endast mycket långsamt förändras genom skogsbrukets införande. (Less)
Abstract
The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why silviculture was introduced in Sweden in the nineteenth century and the consequences this introduction had during the same period. The term silviculture refers to the systematic cultivation of high forest, a method that spread from Germany at the end of the eighteenth century. The consequences referred to are the changes in nature and the social conflicts that silviculture brought with it, as well as the new values associated with forests and the utilisation of forests. Using an environmental historical investigation, I analyse the societal changes that were interconnected with changes in nature.



By looking at silviculture as forest cultivation in a broad sense,... (More)
The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why silviculture was introduced in Sweden in the nineteenth century and the consequences this introduction had during the same period. The term silviculture refers to the systematic cultivation of high forest, a method that spread from Germany at the end of the eighteenth century. The consequences referred to are the changes in nature and the social conflicts that silviculture brought with it, as well as the new values associated with forests and the utilisation of forests. Using an environmental historical investigation, I analyse the societal changes that were interconnected with changes in nature.



By looking at silviculture as forest cultivation in a broad sense, my dissertation connects to the international research that regards the competition over land usage between food production and forest production as a reason for substitution and specialisation. My investigation revolves around the increasing shortage of oak timber available to the Swedish navy and the ecological and political causes of this shortage. The significance the timber shortage had for the introduction of systematic silviculture is analysed, together with the conflicts surrounding the traditional rights of forest usage. The various silviculture methods and their relation to changes in nature and society are also investigated. In addition, I investigate societal values concerning trees and forests as well as the differing ideas as to what forest is and what importance it has. The large-scale exploitation of the boreal forests in northern Sweden is contrasted with the forest cultivation silviculture in southern Sweden.



The most significant conclusions are that the introduction of silviculture in Sweden had a clear association with the increasing natural resource problems of the agricultural society, which was magnified during the agricultural revolution; that it demanded far-reaching changes in the system of distribution via the abolishing of traditional rights of forest usage; and that older value systems regarding trees and forests were changed only very slowly through the introduction of silviculture. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Fritzböger, Bo
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
forest commons, science of forestry, forest crimes, desiccation, silviculture, environmental history, forests, Silviculture, forestry, forestry technology, Skogsvetenskap, skogsbruk, skogsteknik
in
Skogs- och lantbrukshistoriska meddelanden
volume
25
pages
455 pages
publisher
Kungliga Skogs och Lantbruks Akademien
defense location
Historiska institutionen. Sal 3.
defense date
2002-03-09 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHFDA/HFHI-2002/1107-SE+455
ISSN
1402-0386
ISBN
91-89379-22-5
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
cda2f3bc-ee10-45fd-aa48-29294aa403ec (old id 20516)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 09:30:54
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:57
@phdthesis{cda2f3bc-ee10-45fd-aa48-29294aa403ec,
  abstract     = {The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why silviculture was introduced in Sweden in the nineteenth century and the consequences this introduction had during the same period. The term silviculture refers to the systematic cultivation of high forest, a method that spread from Germany at the end of the eighteenth century. The consequences referred to are the changes in nature and the social conflicts that silviculture brought with it, as well as the new values associated with forests and the utilisation of forests. Using an environmental historical investigation, I analyse the societal changes that were interconnected with changes in nature.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
By looking at silviculture as forest cultivation in a broad sense, my dissertation connects to the international research that regards the competition over land usage between food production and forest production as a reason for substitution and specialisation. My investigation revolves around the increasing shortage of oak timber available to the Swedish navy and the ecological and political causes of this shortage. The significance the timber shortage had for the introduction of systematic silviculture is analysed, together with the conflicts surrounding the traditional rights of forest usage. The various silviculture methods and their relation to changes in nature and society are also investigated. In addition, I investigate societal values concerning trees and forests as well as the differing ideas as to what forest is and what importance it has. The large-scale exploitation of the boreal forests in northern Sweden is contrasted with the forest cultivation silviculture in southern Sweden.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The most significant conclusions are that the introduction of silviculture in Sweden had a clear association with the increasing natural resource problems of the agricultural society, which was magnified during the agricultural revolution; that it demanded far-reaching changes in the system of distribution via the abolishing of traditional rights of forest usage; and that older value systems regarding trees and forests were changed only very slowly through the introduction of silviculture.},
  author       = {Eliasson, Per},
  isbn         = {91-89379-22-5},
  issn         = {1402-0386},
  keyword      = {forest commons,science of forestry,forest crimes,desiccation,silviculture,environmental history,forests,Silviculture,forestry,forestry technology,Skogsvetenskap,skogsbruk,skogsteknik},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {455},
  publisher    = {Kungliga Skogs och Lantbruks Akademien},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Skogs- och lantbrukshistoriska meddelanden},
  title        = {Skog, makt och människor. En miljöhistoria om svensk skog 1800-1875.},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2002},
}