Advanced

Platinum Interference with siRNA Non-seed Regions Fine-Tunes Silencing Capacity.

Hedman, Hanna LU ; Kirpekar, Finn and Elmroth, Sofi LU (2011) In Journal of the American Chemical Society 133. p.11977-11984
Abstract
Knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms governing the influence of non-coding RNAs on protein production has emerged rapidly during the past decade. Today, two main research areas can be identified, one oriented toward the use of artificially introduced siRNAs for manipulation of gene expression, and the other one focused on the function of endogenous miRNAs. In both cases, the active molecule consists of a 20-nucleotide-long RNA duplex. In the siRNA case, improved systemic stability is of central interest for its further development toward clinical applications. With respect to miRNA processing and function, understanding its influence on mRNA targeting and the silencing ability of individual miRNAs, e.g., under pathological... (More)
Knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms governing the influence of non-coding RNAs on protein production has emerged rapidly during the past decade. Today, two main research areas can be identified, one oriented toward the use of artificially introduced siRNAs for manipulation of gene expression, and the other one focused on the function of endogenous miRNAs. In both cases, the active molecule consists of a 20-nucleotide-long RNA duplex. In the siRNA case, improved systemic stability is of central interest for its further development toward clinical applications. With respect to miRNA processing and function, understanding its influence on mRNA targeting and the silencing ability of individual miRNAs, e.g., under pathological conditions, remains a scientific challenge. In the present study, a model system is presented where the influence of the two clinically used anticancer drugs, cisplatin and oxaliplatin, on siRNA's silencing capacity has been evaluated. More specifically, siRNAs targeting the 3' UTR region of Wnt-5a mRNA (NM_003352) were constructed, and the biologically active antisense RNA strand was pre-platinated. Platinum adducts were detected and characterized by a combination of gel electrophoresis and MALDI-MS techniques, and the silencing capacity was evaluated in cellular luciferase-expressing systems using HB2 cells. Data show that platination of the antisense strand of the siRNAs results in adducts with protection against hydrolytic cleavage in the proximity of the platination sites, i.e., with altered degradation patterns compared to native RNAs. The MALDI-MS method was successfully used to further identify and characterize platinated RNA, with the naturally occurring platinum isotopic patterns serving as sensitive fingerprints for metalated sites. Expression assays all confirm biological activity of antisense-platinated siRNAs, here with platination sites located outside of the seed region. A significant reduction of silencing capacity was observed as a general trend, however. Of the two complexes studied, oxaliplatin exhibits the larger influence, thus indicating subtle differences between the abilities of cis- and oxaliplatin to interfere with si- and miRNA processing. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of the American Chemical Society
volume
133
pages
11977 - 11984
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000293768400041
  • pmid:21721571
  • scopus:79961156567
ISSN
1520-5126
DOI
10.1021/ja111082e
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2ac535ef-b251-4423-a838-d4ee824f8863 (old id 2059170)
date added to LUP
2011-07-27 11:28:29
date last changed
2017-05-21 03:59:29
@article{2ac535ef-b251-4423-a838-d4ee824f8863,
  abstract     = {Knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms governing the influence of non-coding RNAs on protein production has emerged rapidly during the past decade. Today, two main research areas can be identified, one oriented toward the use of artificially introduced siRNAs for manipulation of gene expression, and the other one focused on the function of endogenous miRNAs. In both cases, the active molecule consists of a 20-nucleotide-long RNA duplex. In the siRNA case, improved systemic stability is of central interest for its further development toward clinical applications. With respect to miRNA processing and function, understanding its influence on mRNA targeting and the silencing ability of individual miRNAs, e.g., under pathological conditions, remains a scientific challenge. In the present study, a model system is presented where the influence of the two clinically used anticancer drugs, cisplatin and oxaliplatin, on siRNA's silencing capacity has been evaluated. More specifically, siRNAs targeting the 3' UTR region of Wnt-5a mRNA (NM_003352) were constructed, and the biologically active antisense RNA strand was pre-platinated. Platinum adducts were detected and characterized by a combination of gel electrophoresis and MALDI-MS techniques, and the silencing capacity was evaluated in cellular luciferase-expressing systems using HB2 cells. Data show that platination of the antisense strand of the siRNAs results in adducts with protection against hydrolytic cleavage in the proximity of the platination sites, i.e., with altered degradation patterns compared to native RNAs. The MALDI-MS method was successfully used to further identify and characterize platinated RNA, with the naturally occurring platinum isotopic patterns serving as sensitive fingerprints for metalated sites. Expression assays all confirm biological activity of antisense-platinated siRNAs, here with platination sites located outside of the seed region. A significant reduction of silencing capacity was observed as a general trend, however. Of the two complexes studied, oxaliplatin exhibits the larger influence, thus indicating subtle differences between the abilities of cis- and oxaliplatin to interfere with si- and miRNA processing.},
  author       = {Hedman, Hanna and Kirpekar, Finn and Elmroth, Sofi},
  issn         = {1520-5126},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11977--11984},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Journal of the American Chemical Society},
  title        = {Platinum Interference with siRNA Non-seed Regions Fine-Tunes Silencing Capacity.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja111082e},
  volume       = {133},
  year         = {2011},
}