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Skriv med egna ord. En studie av läroprocesser när elever i grundskolans senare år skriver "forskningsrapporter".

Nilsson, Nils-Eric LU (2002) In Avhandlingar från Lärarutbildningen vid Malmö högskola 3.
Abstract
Abstract



Nilsson, Nils-Erik, Write in Your Own Words: A Study of Learning Processes in Research Report Writing in School.



The thesis examines sixty pupil texts produced in the school activity called pupil research at secondary level of a Swedish school where this activity was scheduled one day per week. The purpose of this thesis is to develop knowledge about the writing done by pupils under the specific conditions of pupil research. The research is done from four different perspectives. First, I discuss the pupils’ use of sources. Secondly, I investigate the pupils’ use of genre. Thirdly, I discuss the pupils understanding of their research topics, and finally I discuss how we are to understand the... (More)
Abstract



Nilsson, Nils-Erik, Write in Your Own Words: A Study of Learning Processes in Research Report Writing in School.



The thesis examines sixty pupil texts produced in the school activity called pupil research at secondary level of a Swedish school where this activity was scheduled one day per week. The purpose of this thesis is to develop knowledge about the writing done by pupils under the specific conditions of pupil research. The research is done from four different perspectives. First, I discuss the pupils’ use of sources. Secondly, I investigate the pupils’ use of genre. Thirdly, I discuss the pupils understanding of their research topics, and finally I discuss how we are to understand the influx of pupil research as a methodological phenomenon. The study shows that most of the texts can be described as reproduced texts, which imply that the pupil is not the originator of the conveyed thoughts. None of the pupils has produced a text the requested genre of research reports; they have chosen a school genre that is familiar to them depending on whether their purpose has been to account for or to inform or influence. The results indicate that the pupils’ knowledge about the phenomenon they have been studying is very insufficient. Only in a few cases can one say that the pupils draw conclusions. The pupils reproduce facts, often in a fragmentary manner, which indicates that it is doubtful that they have developed any knowledge at all. The fact that students tend to copy texts is discussed from two different perspectives. On the one hand, plagiarism is treated as a problem, and on the other hand, it is discussed from a language development perspective. The fact that school has adopted research as a method is in part explained by the increasingly heterogeneous student population in school, which has led to this form of individualised teaching. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Professor Anward, Jan, Inst.f. språk och kultur, Linköpings universitet
organization
alternative title
Write in Your Own Words: A Study of Learning Processes in Research Report Writing in School
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Scandinavian languages and literature, individualised teaching., genre, plagiarism, reproducing texts, school texts, writing, Vygotskij, Bachtin, Goffman, Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur), Pedagogy and didactics, Pedagogik, didaktik
in
Avhandlingar från Lärarutbildningen vid Malmö högskola
volume
3
pages
239 pages
publisher
Nils-Erik Nilsson Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, 651 88 Karlstad,
defense location
Sal E 122, Lärarutbildningen, Malmö högskola
defense date
2002-11-29 10:15
ISSN
1651-4513
ISBN
91-85042-00-5
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
063b7899-55cb-4fce-bd32-69bdaf3ec56e (old id 20644)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 10:35:46
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:57
@phdthesis{063b7899-55cb-4fce-bd32-69bdaf3ec56e,
  abstract     = {Abstract<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Nilsson, Nils-Erik, Write in Your Own Words: A Study of Learning Processes in Research Report Writing in School.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The thesis examines sixty pupil texts produced in the school activity called pupil research at secondary level of a Swedish school where this activity was scheduled one day per week. The purpose of this thesis is to develop knowledge about the writing done by pupils under the specific conditions of pupil research. The research is done from four different perspectives. First, I discuss the pupils’ use of sources. Secondly, I investigate the pupils’ use of genre. Thirdly, I discuss the pupils understanding of their research topics, and finally I discuss how we are to understand the influx of pupil research as a methodological phenomenon. The study shows that most of the texts can be described as reproduced texts, which imply that the pupil is not the originator of the conveyed thoughts. None of the pupils has produced a text the requested genre of research reports; they have chosen a school genre that is familiar to them depending on whether their purpose has been to account for or to inform or influence. The results indicate that the pupils’ knowledge about the phenomenon they have been studying is very insufficient. Only in a few cases can one say that the pupils draw conclusions. The pupils reproduce facts, often in a fragmentary manner, which indicates that it is doubtful that they have developed any knowledge at all. The fact that students tend to copy texts is discussed from two different perspectives. On the one hand, plagiarism is treated as a problem, and on the other hand, it is discussed from a language development perspective. The fact that school has adopted research as a method is in part explained by the increasingly heterogeneous student population in school, which has led to this form of individualised teaching.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Nils-Eric},
  isbn         = {91-85042-00-5},
  issn         = {1651-4513},
  keyword      = {Scandinavian languages and literature,individualised teaching.,genre,plagiarism,reproducing texts,school texts,writing,Vygotskij,Bachtin,Goffman,Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur),Pedagogy and didactics,Pedagogik,didaktik},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {239},
  publisher    = {Nils-Erik Nilsson Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, 651 88 Karlstad,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Avhandlingar från Lärarutbildningen vid Malmö högskola},
  title        = {Skriv med egna ord. En studie av läroprocesser när elever i grundskolans senare år skriver "forskningsrapporter".},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2002},
}