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Tvinga verkligheten till innebörd : studier i Kjell Espmarks lyrik fram till och med Sent i Sverige

Sandström, Daniel LU (2002) In Critica litterarum Lundensis 2.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Framställningen är kronologiskt upplagd och uppdelad i två steg. Första delen av studien behandlar perioden från 1948-1961 och synar Kjell Espmarks envetna strävan efter en självständig poetik från gymnasieskriverierna fram till och med de tre första diktsamlingarna, Mordet på Benjamin (1956), Världen genom kameraögat (1958) och Mikrokosmos (1961). Därefter kartläggs den vägvisande och självständiga, men på många sätt tidstypiska poetik, som Espmark utarbetar i dikttrilogin Sent i Sverige, vars separata delar – Det offentliga samtalet 1-25, Samtal under jorden 1-25, Det obevekliga paradiset 1-25 – kommer ut 1968, 1972 och 1975. Kjell Espmarks diktsamlingar är alla noggrant komponerade och... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Framställningen är kronologiskt upplagd och uppdelad i två steg. Första delen av studien behandlar perioden från 1948-1961 och synar Kjell Espmarks envetna strävan efter en självständig poetik från gymnasieskriverierna fram till och med de tre första diktsamlingarna, Mordet på Benjamin (1956), Världen genom kameraögat (1958) och Mikrokosmos (1961). Därefter kartläggs den vägvisande och självständiga, men på många sätt tidstypiska poetik, som Espmark utarbetar i dikttrilogin Sent i Sverige, vars separata delar – Det offentliga samtalet 1-25, Samtal under jorden 1-25, Det obevekliga paradiset 1-25 – kommer ut 1968, 1972 och 1975. Kjell Espmarks diktsamlingar är alla noggrant komponerade och förhåller sig närmast dialektiskt till varandra. Några "samlingar" i ordets konventionella mening är det inte fråga om. Studien är därför tämligen trogen kronologin, inte bara vad gäller verkens inbördes ordning, utan också dikternas ordning inom de enskilda verken. Genom att läsa kronologiskt får den som läser Espmarks verk också bevittna utvecklingen av ett modernt Sverige, ett Sverige som genomgår sociala, teknologiska och ekonomiska förändringar av närmast revolutionerande mått under de rekordartade decennierna efter det andra världskriget. Kjell Espmark kan ses som en poetisk krönikör för detta moderna Sveriges utveckling, en krönikör med en mycket ambivalent hållning gentemot det moderna samhället och dess sociala och existentiella villkor. Å ena sidan finns här ett bejakande av en modern världsbild; dikten får ett socialt uppdrag, all metafysik avvisas. Å andra sidan, finns i Espmarks samtidsskildringar en närmast apokalyptisk känsla av undergång och död. Det moderna livet, med sin alienation och sin förnuftsdyrkan, blir ofta skildrat som ett tomt tillstånd, ett resultat av människans förnekande av de existentiella villkoren. (Less)
Abstract
Since his1956 début Kjell Espmark (b. 1930) has played a seminal part in Swedish post-War literature as both a poet and a novelist, and as an academic. To this date Espmark has written a dozen books of poetry, several novels, and has published highly influential works on Modernist poetry. Espmark's poetry is generically heterogeneous, and although Espmark's first collections of poetry were published in the fifties, his poems are not characteristic of that fairly romantic decade. Rather, when it's not reminiscent of the Modernist poetry of the forties, Espmark's early work anticipates the radical, cultural criticism of the sixties. However, Espmark’s refusal to abandon high Modernism and Symbolism prevents categorizing him as the... (More)
Since his1956 début Kjell Espmark (b. 1930) has played a seminal part in Swedish post-War literature as both a poet and a novelist, and as an academic. To this date Espmark has written a dozen books of poetry, several novels, and has published highly influential works on Modernist poetry. Espmark's poetry is generically heterogeneous, and although Espmark's first collections of poetry were published in the fifties, his poems are not characteristic of that fairly romantic decade. Rather, when it's not reminiscent of the Modernist poetry of the forties, Espmark's early work anticipates the radical, cultural criticism of the sixties. However, Espmark’s refusal to abandon high Modernism and Symbolism prevents categorizing him as the quintessential poet of the sixties as well. The aim of this dissertation is to present an extensive study of the poetics of Kjell Espmark's poetry from the years 1948 -1975. The dissertation is divided into two sections. The first ranges from 1948 - 1961 and is labeled "The loss of reality", a heading that covers the main theme of Kjell Espmark's early poetry: the loss of an established reality, and the attempt to control something of the ensuing chaos in the form of poetry and literature. The first phase in Espmark's writing will be termed a version of "fictionalism". The second section of the dissertation is devoted to Espmark's first mature work, the trilogy Sent i Sverige (Late in Sweden). This trilogy includes the collections Det offentliga samtalet (The Public Conversation) Samtal under jorden (Conversation Underground) and Det obevekliga paradiset, (The Unrelenting Paradise), published respectively in 1968, 1972, and 1975. In the trilogy the poet is consumed by the question of how to release the individual from the constraints that are characteristic of modern life. This second phase of the authorship could very well be "anarchistic" or "iconoclastic". Here, modern societal life is seen as a kind of unequal conversation, a discourse in which the mighty few are rendered subjects, and the many are subjected into objecthood. The public conversation is consequently devised as a form of barter; you can access meaning and become part of social life, if you are willing to give something up of yourself in return. And what is given up most often is concrete, sensual life lost under the dominion of the abstract letters of the conversation. The poet's way of protesting comes as a form of annihilation of the self. When the poet has evacuated himself from his poem, another less oppressive conversation can come into being; the conversation between text and reader. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • F D Mortensen, Anders, Lund University
organization
alternative title
Force Reality into Meaning : Studies in the Poetry of Kjell Espmark up to Sent i Sverige
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Allmän och jämförande litteratur, literary theory, literature criticism, General and comparative literature, tradition, alienation, Gunnar Ekelöf, Epiphany, symbolism, T.S Eliot, post-War poetry, existentialism, litteraturkritik, litteraturteori, Scandinavian languages and literature, Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur)
in
Critica litterarum Lundensis
volume
2
pages
320 pages
publisher
Department of Comparative Literature, Lund University
defense location
Edens hörsal
defense date
2002-12-14 10:15
ISSN
1651-2367
ISBN
91-970946-1-7
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
273bb670-d740-4d95-8c02-a73943272053 (old id 20688)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 10:56:24
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:54
@phdthesis{273bb670-d740-4d95-8c02-a73943272053,
  abstract     = {Since his1956 début Kjell Espmark (b. 1930) has played a seminal part in Swedish post-War literature as both a poet and a novelist, and as an academic. To this date Espmark has written a dozen books of poetry, several novels, and has published highly influential works on Modernist poetry. Espmark's poetry is generically heterogeneous, and although Espmark's first collections of poetry were published in the fifties, his poems are not characteristic of that fairly romantic decade. Rather, when it's not reminiscent of the Modernist poetry of the forties, Espmark's early work anticipates the radical, cultural criticism of the sixties. However, Espmark’s refusal to abandon high Modernism and Symbolism prevents categorizing him as the quintessential poet of the sixties as well. The aim of this dissertation is to present an extensive study of the poetics of Kjell Espmark's poetry from the years 1948 -1975. The dissertation is divided into two sections. The first ranges from 1948 - 1961 and is labeled "The loss of reality", a heading that covers the main theme of Kjell Espmark's early poetry: the loss of an established reality, and the attempt to control something of the ensuing chaos in the form of poetry and literature. The first phase in Espmark's writing will be termed a version of "fictionalism". The second section of the dissertation is devoted to Espmark's first mature work, the trilogy Sent i Sverige (Late in Sweden). This trilogy includes the collections Det offentliga samtalet (The Public Conversation) Samtal under jorden (Conversation Underground) and Det obevekliga paradiset, (The Unrelenting Paradise), published respectively in 1968, 1972, and 1975. In the trilogy the poet is consumed by the question of how to release the individual from the constraints that are characteristic of modern life. This second phase of the authorship could very well be "anarchistic" or "iconoclastic". Here, modern societal life is seen as a kind of unequal conversation, a discourse in which the mighty few are rendered subjects, and the many are subjected into objecthood. The public conversation is consequently devised as a form of barter; you can access meaning and become part of social life, if you are willing to give something up of yourself in return. And what is given up most often is concrete, sensual life lost under the dominion of the abstract letters of the conversation. The poet's way of protesting comes as a form of annihilation of the self. When the poet has evacuated himself from his poem, another less oppressive conversation can come into being; the conversation between text and reader.},
  author       = {Sandström, Daniel},
  isbn         = {91-970946-1-7},
  issn         = {1651-2367},
  keyword      = {Allmän och jämförande litteratur,literary theory,literature criticism,General and comparative literature,tradition,alienation,Gunnar Ekelöf,Epiphany,symbolism,T.S Eliot,post-War poetry,existentialism,litteraturkritik,litteraturteori,Scandinavian languages and literature,Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur)},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {320},
  publisher    = {Department of Comparative Literature, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Critica litterarum Lundensis},
  title        = {Tvinga verkligheten till innebörd : studier i Kjell Espmarks lyrik fram till och med Sent i Sverige},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2002},
}