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General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

Buckley, Andy; Butterworth, Jonathan; Gieseke, Stefan; Grellscheid, David; Hoeche, Stefan; Hoeth, Hendrik; Krauss, Frank; Lönnblad, Leif LU ; Nurse, Emily and Richardson, Peter, et al. (2011) In Physics Reports 504(5). p.145-233
Abstract
We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation... (More)
We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond Standard Model processes. We describe the principal features of the ARIADNE, Herwig++, PYTHIA 8 and SHERPA generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators and tools. This review is aimed at phenomenologists wishing to understand better how parton-level predictions are translated into hadron-level events as well as experimentalists seeking a deeper insight into the tools available for signal and background simulation at the LHC. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
QCD, Hadron colliders, Monte Carlo simulation
in
Physics Reports
volume
504
issue
5
pages
145 - 233
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000293119500001
  • scopus:79957574220
ISSN
0370-1573
DOI
10.1016/j.physrep.2011.03.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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72c2e7ad-9fa7-4650-8e36-71d193bbe3a7 (old id 2071799)
date added to LUP
2011-08-29 09:35:29
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2017-11-19 03:47:15
@article{72c2e7ad-9fa7-4650-8e36-71d193bbe3a7,
  abstract     = {We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond Standard Model processes. We describe the principal features of the ARIADNE, Herwig++, PYTHIA 8 and SHERPA generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators and tools. This review is aimed at phenomenologists wishing to understand better how parton-level predictions are translated into hadron-level events as well as experimentalists seeking a deeper insight into the tools available for signal and background simulation at the LHC. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Buckley, Andy and Butterworth, Jonathan and Gieseke, Stefan and Grellscheid, David and Hoeche, Stefan and Hoeth, Hendrik and Krauss, Frank and Lönnblad, Leif and Nurse, Emily and Richardson, Peter and Schumann, Steffen and Seymour, Michael H. and Sjöstrand, Torbjörn and Skands, Peter and Webber, Bryan},
  issn         = {0370-1573},
  keyword      = {QCD,Hadron colliders,Monte Carlo simulation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {145--233},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Physics Reports},
  title        = {General-purpose event generators for LHC physics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2011.03.005},
  volume       = {504},
  year         = {2011},
}