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Arbetsrätt och konkurrensrätt: en normativ studie av motsättningen mellan marknadsrättsliga värden och sociala värden

Norberg, Per LU (2002) In Skrifter utgivna vid juridiska fakulteten i Lund
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Hur skall en domstol välja mellan att tillämpa konkurrensrättsliga eller arbetsrättsliga regler på ett konkurrensproblem som uppstått genom en bestämmelse i ett kollektivavtal? Ytterst handlar denna fråga om ett val mellan oförenliga regler. Tillämpas konkurrensrätten underkänns i regel den kollektivavtalade bestämmelsen medan samma bestämmelse i stället godkännes om arbetsrättsliga principer tillämpas. Valet mellan de båda rättsområdena förefaller vid en ytlig analys som godtyckligt. Arbetsrätten och konkurrensrätten står på samma nivå enligt klassiska rättskälleläror och därmed blir det svårt att finna rättsliga normer som kan sägas reglera domarens val mellan dem. Avhandlingen strävar efter... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Hur skall en domstol välja mellan att tillämpa konkurrensrättsliga eller arbetsrättsliga regler på ett konkurrensproblem som uppstått genom en bestämmelse i ett kollektivavtal? Ytterst handlar denna fråga om ett val mellan oförenliga regler. Tillämpas konkurrensrätten underkänns i regel den kollektivavtalade bestämmelsen medan samma bestämmelse i stället godkännes om arbetsrättsliga principer tillämpas. Valet mellan de båda rättsområdena förefaller vid en ytlig analys som godtyckligt. Arbetsrätten och konkurrensrätten står på samma nivå enligt klassiska rättskälleläror och därmed blir det svårt att finna rättsliga normer som kan sägas reglera domarens val mellan dem. Avhandlingen strävar efter att härleda gränsdragningsprinciper genom en strukturell normativ analys av båda rättsområdena. I ett första steg beskrivs konkurrensrättens normativa kärninnehåll och därefter undersöks hur konkurrensrätten inom sitt eget system tar hänsyn till sociala krav. I ett andra steg beskrivs arbetsrättens kärninnehåll och därefter undersöks hur arbetsrätten inom sitt eget system tar hänsyn till marknadsfunktionella krav. I ett tredje steg undersöks om det går att härleda en eller flera gemensamma nämnare i konkurrensrättens syn på sociala regleringar och arbetsrättens syn på marknadsfunktionella regleringar. Två rättsprinciper byggda på gemensamma nämnare kunde härledas och i ett fjärde steg tillämpas de på tre konkreta problem, stuverimonopolet, kollektivavtalade öppettider och kollektivavtal om entreprenadförbud och företagssamarbete. (Less)
Abstract
The dissertation deals with the normative conflict between labour law and competition law. The legislation in each area gives the Courts guidance in solving a legal problem that has previously been classified as belonging to one or the other area. But the principles guiding the Courts when both competition law and labour law are applicable to a legal problem are vague and difficult to generalise. The aim of the study is to reveal legal principles designed to help the judge make a choice between labour law and competition law. The study describes the core content of the two legal areas and proceeds to investigate how each legal area adapts its core content to other social values. Thus, I study how competition law adapts its application to... (More)
The dissertation deals with the normative conflict between labour law and competition law. The legislation in each area gives the Courts guidance in solving a legal problem that has previously been classified as belonging to one or the other area. But the principles guiding the Courts when both competition law and labour law are applicable to a legal problem are vague and difficult to generalise. The aim of the study is to reveal legal principles designed to help the judge make a choice between labour law and competition law. The study describes the core content of the two legal areas and proceeds to investigate how each legal area adapts its core content to other social values. Thus, I study how competition law adapts its application to avoid unnecessary damage to socially motivated regulations and how labour law adapts its application to avoid unnecessary damage to the economically efficient operations of different markets. After an overriding normative analysis of the legal areas at stake, I have been able to identify two truly common principles designed to draw the line between competition law and labour law: 1. The principle of a competition law immunity for trade union activity, limited to the core subjects of collective bargaining like wages and working conditions, and thus not covering anti-competitive agreements concerning the production of goods and services. 2. The principle of the open cartel. No organisation is allowed to actively exclude individual workers or companies in order to prevent them from entering the market. Those legal principles are then applied to three practical cases of conflicts of law between competition law and labour law namely, the collective bargaining technique which underpins the Swedish stevedoring cartel, collective agreements on opening hours and collective agreements on co-operation between undertakings. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Wahl, Nils, Stockholm
organization
alternative title
Labour law and Competition law – A normative study of the tension between market functional values and social values
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
collective agreement, arbetsrätt, cartel, competition, dominant position, labour, social policy, labour law, trade union, private law, civilrätt, civil law
in
Skrifter utgivna vid juridiska fakulteten i Lund
pages
559 pages
publisher
Akademibokhandel, Lund,
defense location
Lund
defense date
2002-04-20 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:competition law, labour law
ISSN
1402-4276
ISBN
91–544–2531–X
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
a93106af-6cdc-482b-bd51-87e42fc4ba18 (old id 20897)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 09:06:35
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:53
@phdthesis{a93106af-6cdc-482b-bd51-87e42fc4ba18,
  abstract     = {The dissertation deals with the normative conflict between labour law and competition law. The legislation in each area gives the Courts guidance in solving a legal problem that has previously been classified as belonging to one or the other area. But the principles guiding the Courts when both competition law and labour law are applicable to a legal problem are vague and difficult to generalise. The aim of the study is to reveal legal principles designed to help the judge make a choice between labour law and competition law. The study describes the core content of the two legal areas and proceeds to investigate how each legal area adapts its core content to other social values. Thus, I study how competition law adapts its application to avoid unnecessary damage to socially motivated regulations and how labour law adapts its application to avoid unnecessary damage to the economically efficient operations of different markets. After an overriding normative analysis of the legal areas at stake, I have been able to identify two truly common principles designed to draw the line between competition law and labour law: 1. The principle of a competition law immunity for trade union activity, limited to the core subjects of collective bargaining like wages and working conditions, and thus not covering anti-competitive agreements concerning the production of goods and services. 2. The principle of the open cartel. No organisation is allowed to actively exclude individual workers or companies in order to prevent them from entering the market. Those legal principles are then applied to three practical cases of conflicts of law between competition law and labour law namely, the collective bargaining technique which underpins the Swedish stevedoring cartel, collective agreements on opening hours and collective agreements on co-operation between undertakings.},
  author       = {Norberg, Per},
  isbn         = {91–544–2531–X},
  issn         = {1402-4276},
  keyword      = {collective agreement,arbetsrätt,cartel,competition,dominant position,labour,social policy,labour law,trade union,private law,civilrätt,civil law},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {559},
  publisher    = {Akademibokhandel, Lund,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Skrifter utgivna vid juridiska fakulteten i Lund},
  title        = {Arbetsrätt och konkurrensrätt: en normativ studie av motsättningen mellan marknadsrättsliga värden och sociala värden},
  year         = {2002},
}