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Biogas production from crop residues on a farm-scale level: is it economically feasible under conditions in Sweden?

Svensson, Mattias LU ; Christensson, Kjell LU and Björnsson, Lovisa LU (2005) In Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 28(3). p.139-148
Abstract
Anaerobic digestion would enable the energy potential of agricultural crop residues such as sugar beet tops and straw to be harnessed. Sweden is so spread out that full utilisation of this potential by centralised slurry-based technology is difficult. It appears that simple but effective high-solids reactor systems have a better chance of being economically viable on a farm-scale level (50500 kW). In the present study, the financial prospects of high-solids digestion, using either single-stage fed-batch or two-stage batch reactor systems, are compared on a farm-scale level (50 kW) with those of conventional slurry digestion, on the basis of experimental results and observations on a laboratory- and pilot-scale. The gas produced can be used... (More)
Anaerobic digestion would enable the energy potential of agricultural crop residues such as sugar beet tops and straw to be harnessed. Sweden is so spread out that full utilisation of this potential by centralised slurry-based technology is difficult. It appears that simple but effective high-solids reactor systems have a better chance of being economically viable on a farm-scale level (50500 kW). In the present study, the financial prospects of high-solids digestion, using either single-stage fed-batch or two-stage batch reactor systems, are compared on a farm-scale level (50 kW) with those of conventional slurry digestion, on the basis of experimental results and observations on a laboratory- and pilot-scale. The gas produced can be used for heat, combined heat and power or as vehicle fuel. The results indicate high-solids single-stage fed-batch operations to stand the best chances of being competitive, particularly in connection with organic farming. The methane yield, degree of gas utilisation, and operational costs were found to have the strongest impact on the financial success of the process. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
economy, farm-scale, high-solids anaerobic digestion, sugar beet, crop residues, tops
in
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
volume
28
issue
3
pages
139 - 148
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:16172872
  • wos:000234052600001
  • scopus:27944509209
ISSN
1615-7605
DOI
10.1007/s00449-005-0016-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aeac28cc-c9bc-4578-9576-1abf68477c8c (old id 210806)
date added to LUP
2007-08-07 09:11:27
date last changed
2017-04-02 04:11:08
@article{aeac28cc-c9bc-4578-9576-1abf68477c8c,
  abstract     = {Anaerobic digestion would enable the energy potential of agricultural crop residues such as sugar beet tops and straw to be harnessed. Sweden is so spread out that full utilisation of this potential by centralised slurry-based technology is difficult. It appears that simple but effective high-solids reactor systems have a better chance of being economically viable on a farm-scale level (50500 kW). In the present study, the financial prospects of high-solids digestion, using either single-stage fed-batch or two-stage batch reactor systems, are compared on a farm-scale level (50 kW) with those of conventional slurry digestion, on the basis of experimental results and observations on a laboratory- and pilot-scale. The gas produced can be used for heat, combined heat and power or as vehicle fuel. The results indicate high-solids single-stage fed-batch operations to stand the best chances of being competitive, particularly in connection with organic farming. The methane yield, degree of gas utilisation, and operational costs were found to have the strongest impact on the financial success of the process.},
  author       = {Svensson, Mattias and Christensson, Kjell and Björnsson, Lovisa},
  issn         = {1615-7605},
  keyword      = {economy,farm-scale,high-solids anaerobic digestion,sugar beet,crop residues,tops},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {139--148},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering},
  title        = {Biogas production from crop residues on a farm-scale level: is it economically feasible under conditions in Sweden?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-005-0016-1},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2005},
}