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Tick prevention in a population living in a highly endemic area

Stjernberg, Louise LU and Berglund, Johan LU (2005) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 33(6). p.432-438
Abstract
Aims: To describe environmental and personal tick-preventive measures and their predictors, taken by a population living in a highly tick-endemic area. Methods: Owing to the recent confirmation of human tick-borne encephalitis cases, vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis was offered to the population living in the endemic area through the use of leaflets and media campaigns. At the time of the initial dose, information and enrollment to this cohort study was carried out. Participants' characteristics, frequency of tick-bites and preventive measures were included in questionnaires. Logistic analysis was used to determine behavioural differences in activities taken in order to prevent tick bites. Conclusion: In total, 70% of the... (More)
Aims: To describe environmental and personal tick-preventive measures and their predictors, taken by a population living in a highly tick-endemic area. Methods: Owing to the recent confirmation of human tick-borne encephalitis cases, vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis was offered to the population living in the endemic area through the use of leaflets and media campaigns. At the time of the initial dose, information and enrollment to this cohort study was carried out. Participants' characteristics, frequency of tick-bites and preventive measures were included in questionnaires. Logistic analysis was used to determine behavioural differences in activities taken in order to prevent tick bites. Conclusion: In total, 70% of the permanent residents had themselves vaccinated before the next tick season. Of the studied participants 356/517 (69%) regularly took preventive measures in their environment and/ or personally. Women in particular, and those previously treated for a tick-borne disease, took significantly more preventive measures. When analysing all variables together, spending less time in a tick-endemic area and being tick-bitten during the latest tick season significantly increased the probability of taking preventive measures. After being tick-bitten, men were more inclined to start taking preventive measures than women. Awareness of the risks caused by living in a high tick-endemic area influenced the participant's daily life through preventive activities. Public health action should be considered, thus encouraging out-of-door activities for the population without anxiety as to the risks of contracting tick-borne disease after being tick-bitten. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
prevention, lyme borreliosis, ixodes ricinus, exposed, gender, risk, tick
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
volume
33
issue
6
pages
432 - 438
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000233856100004
  • pmid:16332608
  • scopus:30944465417
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1080/14034940510005932
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
32e50e9b-98e1-4cf6-960c-accdfbe7cdc0 (old id 211075)
date added to LUP
2007-10-05 15:31:21
date last changed
2017-05-14 04:13:39
@article{32e50e9b-98e1-4cf6-960c-accdfbe7cdc0,
  abstract     = {Aims: To describe environmental and personal tick-preventive measures and their predictors, taken by a population living in a highly tick-endemic area. Methods: Owing to the recent confirmation of human tick-borne encephalitis cases, vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis was offered to the population living in the endemic area through the use of leaflets and media campaigns. At the time of the initial dose, information and enrollment to this cohort study was carried out. Participants' characteristics, frequency of tick-bites and preventive measures were included in questionnaires. Logistic analysis was used to determine behavioural differences in activities taken in order to prevent tick bites. Conclusion: In total, 70% of the permanent residents had themselves vaccinated before the next tick season. Of the studied participants 356/517 (69%) regularly took preventive measures in their environment and/ or personally. Women in particular, and those previously treated for a tick-borne disease, took significantly more preventive measures. When analysing all variables together, spending less time in a tick-endemic area and being tick-bitten during the latest tick season significantly increased the probability of taking preventive measures. After being tick-bitten, men were more inclined to start taking preventive measures than women. Awareness of the risks caused by living in a high tick-endemic area influenced the participant's daily life through preventive activities. Public health action should be considered, thus encouraging out-of-door activities for the population without anxiety as to the risks of contracting tick-borne disease after being tick-bitten.},
  author       = {Stjernberg, Louise and Berglund, Johan},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  keyword      = {prevention,lyme borreliosis,ixodes ricinus,exposed,gender,risk,tick},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {432--438},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Tick prevention in a population living in a highly endemic area},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14034940510005932},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2005},
}