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Modalities of Place: On Polarisation and Exclusion in Concepts of Place and in Site-Specific Art

Sandin, Gunnar LU (2003)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingen tar upp polariserade plats-koncept (place/non-place, place/placelessnes, place/site etc. En modaliserande approach prövas, dvs nyanser och aspekter framhålls som alternativ till polariteter och dikotomier. Del 1 innefattar platsteori genom Edward Casey, Edward Relph, Kenneth Frampton, Perla Korosek-Serfaty och Henri Lefebvre. Här görs en kritisk läsning av polarisering mellan god och dålig plats. Här diskuteras även konst/aktiviströrelsen Situationist International. I del 2 undersöks platsbegreppen hos Mark Augé, Michel de Certeau, Manar Hammad och Michel Foucault (heterotopi), också här med en diskussion av polära platsuppfattningar. Här ligger fokus på hur begreppet icke-plats i... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingen tar upp polariserade plats-koncept (place/non-place, place/placelessnes, place/site etc. En modaliserande approach prövas, dvs nyanser och aspekter framhålls som alternativ till polariteter och dikotomier. Del 1 innefattar platsteori genom Edward Casey, Edward Relph, Kenneth Frampton, Perla Korosek-Serfaty och Henri Lefebvre. Här görs en kritisk läsning av polarisering mellan god och dålig plats. Här diskuteras även konst/aktiviströrelsen Situationist International. I del 2 undersöks platsbegreppen hos Mark Augé, Michel de Certeau, Manar Hammad och Michel Foucault (heterotopi), också här med en diskussion av polära platsuppfattningar. Här ligger fokus på hur begreppet icke-plats i sig själv kan användas som en modalisering av en arkitektonisk verklighet. Del 3 tar upp den konstnärliga praktiken och det platsspecifika (site-specificity). Robert Smithson, Renee Green, Michael Asher (konstnärer) samt Miwon Kwon (konstvetare) är de mest refererade namnen här. Även här diskuteras dialektiska och polariserade synsätt. I detta sammanhang diskuteras även Kenneth Frampton’s Critical Regionalism. I avhandlingen utvärderas ett modalt angreppssätt i teoribildning såväl som i praktisk konstnärlig hantering av platsproblematik, dvs ett sätt där resultat av subjektiv påverkan och sociokulturell interaktivitet ges företräde. (Less)
Abstract
In this thesis the notion of place is studied by way of investigating the “non-place” which is excluded or opposed, whenever a place is defined. “Non-place” is used here as a meta-concept, covering various recurring types of opposition to “place,” and it therefore represents a profoundly incoherent spect-rum of realities and concepts. Hence, a “non-place” may in this investigation appear as “leftover areas in urban planning,” as “passage,” as “site,” as “utopia,” and as “inauthentic architecture.” The study is made in relation to a set of authors and artists chosen for their influence on contemporary aesthetics of place, and for their explicitly stated dichotomies as regards architectural, geographical or social space. These dichotomies... (More)
In this thesis the notion of place is studied by way of investigating the “non-place” which is excluded or opposed, whenever a place is defined. “Non-place” is used here as a meta-concept, covering various recurring types of opposition to “place,” and it therefore represents a profoundly incoherent spect-rum of realities and concepts. Hence, a “non-place” may in this investigation appear as “leftover areas in urban planning,” as “passage,” as “site,” as “utopia,” and as “inauthentic architecture.” The study is made in relation to a set of authors and artists chosen for their influence on contemporary aesthetics of place, and for their explicitly stated dichotomies as regards architectural, geographical or social space. These dichotomies (and authors) have been studied in three parts. In Part I: Places of Preference a group of authors and artists are discussed as conveying a negative view of the modern place-forms where “placelessness” replaced a traditional and culturally dense place. In Part II: Other Places the discussion of polarised notions of place is continued, but now with authors who may be regarded as having a view of non-places as useful. Here, deviance from a normal condition is seen as a prominent theme. Finally, in Part III: The Site-Specific, the notion of place is discussed in relation to the recent historical changes of the concepts of site specificity and regionalism in art and architecture. The overall aim of the thesis is to show that when place is viewed in terms of dichotomies there is a risk of losing the perspective where social interaction, cultural multiplicity and individual activity is regarded. By focusing instead on placial variants, where the dichotomies are discus-sed in relation to a set of modalities, places may be regarded in their sociospatial and cultural diversity. The “wants,” the “needs,” the “musts,” the “wills,” i.e., the subjective or actantial influence on a spatial negotiation or an architectural realisation is then put into the foreground. To sharpen the modal approach a concentration should be held not on mere modulation of form where a house, a square or a park is given a slightly new shape, but on the significant alteration of a given comprehension, or use, of a place. This means also that several operators, on different actualising and realising levels, have to be considered when a place or a site-specific work is maintained or changed. Here, such place-formative processes have been studied as the modalities that appear in for instance exploitation, privatisation, domination and identification. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Associate professor Albertsen, Niels, Aarhus School of Architecture, Aarhus Universitet
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
interior design, Architecture, Actants, Modalities, Place, Site-Specific Art, Arkitektur, inredningsarkitektur
pages
251 pages
publisher
Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University
defense location
School of Architecture, Room B, Lund Institute of Technology.
defense date
2004-01-16 13:15
ISBN
91-973649-3-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2f8d0fbd-eb2b-4a15-afe8-f9cb49fe9595 (old id 21230)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 14:37:48
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:10
@phdthesis{2f8d0fbd-eb2b-4a15-afe8-f9cb49fe9595,
  abstract     = {In this thesis the notion of place is studied by way of investigating the “non-place” which is excluded or opposed, whenever a place is defined. “Non-place” is used here as a meta-concept, covering various recurring types of opposition to “place,” and it therefore represents a profoundly incoherent spect-rum of realities and concepts. Hence, a “non-place” may in this investigation appear as “leftover areas in urban planning,” as “passage,” as “site,” as “utopia,” and as “inauthentic architecture.” The study is made in relation to a set of authors and artists chosen for their influence on contemporary aesthetics of place, and for their explicitly stated dichotomies as regards architectural, geographical or social space. These dichotomies (and authors) have been studied in three parts. In Part I: Places of Preference a group of authors and artists are discussed as conveying a negative view of the modern place-forms where “placelessness” replaced a traditional and culturally dense place. In Part II: Other Places the discussion of polarised notions of place is continued, but now with authors who may be regarded as having a view of non-places as useful. Here, deviance from a normal condition is seen as a prominent theme. Finally, in Part III: The Site-Specific, the notion of place is discussed in relation to the recent historical changes of the concepts of site specificity and regionalism in art and architecture. The overall aim of the thesis is to show that when place is viewed in terms of dichotomies there is a risk of losing the perspective where social interaction, cultural multiplicity and individual activity is regarded. By focusing instead on placial variants, where the dichotomies are discus-sed in relation to a set of modalities, places may be regarded in their sociospatial and cultural diversity. The “wants,” the “needs,” the “musts,” the “wills,” i.e., the subjective or actantial influence on a spatial negotiation or an architectural realisation is then put into the foreground. To sharpen the modal approach a concentration should be held not on mere modulation of form where a house, a square or a park is given a slightly new shape, but on the significant alteration of a given comprehension, or use, of a place. This means also that several operators, on different actualising and realising levels, have to be considered when a place or a site-specific work is maintained or changed. Here, such place-formative processes have been studied as the modalities that appear in for instance exploitation, privatisation, domination and identification.},
  author       = {Sandin, Gunnar},
  isbn         = {91-973649-3-2},
  keyword      = {interior design,Architecture,Actants,Modalities,Place,Site-Specific Art,Arkitektur,inredningsarkitektur},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {251},
  publisher    = {Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Modalities of Place: On Polarisation and Exclusion in Concepts of Place and in Site-Specific Art},
  year         = {2003},
}