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Estimating extreme values of thermal gradients in concrete structures

Larsson, Oskar LU and Thelandersson, Sven LU (2011) In Materials and Structures 44(8). p.1491-1500
Abstract
Temperature variations due to climate changes are a major cause of movements in a concrete structure, both in the longitudinal and transversal directions and between different parts of the structure. If these movements are restrained, stresses will be induced which may contribute to cracking. The movements are caused by complex interactions of several factors such as solar radiation, air temperature, long-wave heat radiation and wind speed. To predict the varying thermal conditions in a concrete structure a finite element model has been used. A validation of the model has been performed using field measurements in a concrete slab together with climate data from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute to be able to use the... (More)
Temperature variations due to climate changes are a major cause of movements in a concrete structure, both in the longitudinal and transversal directions and between different parts of the structure. If these movements are restrained, stresses will be induced which may contribute to cracking. The movements are caused by complex interactions of several factors such as solar radiation, air temperature, long-wave heat radiation and wind speed. To predict the varying thermal conditions in a concrete structure a finite element model has been used. A validation of the model has been performed using field measurements in a concrete slab together with climate data from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute to be able to use the model for simulations over long time periods and for situations with no available local thermal data. The daily variations in the temperature distribution is captured by the model and it is well suited to be used for estimating extreme values for linear temperature differences based on climate data from meteorological stations. The analyses of extreme values for simulations with longer time periods show that the values for the positive linear temperature gradients in the Eurocode are underestimated for the investigated conditions. There is also a tendency towards geographical differences which has not been included before. An asphalt paving layer increases positive linear temperature gradients while they decrease with a concrete paving. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Thermal actions, Concrete, Finite Element Model, Extreme values, Climate data, KstrConcrete, KstrReliability
in
Materials and Structures
volume
44
issue
8
pages
1491 - 1500
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000294471900011
ISSN
1359-5997
DOI
10.1617/s11527-011-9714-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ab16e48c-589e-4a84-8048-992de0de5262 (old id 2154664)
date added to LUP
2011-09-06 16:11:22
date last changed
2016-04-15 14:27:15
@article{ab16e48c-589e-4a84-8048-992de0de5262,
  abstract     = {Temperature variations due to climate changes are a major cause of movements in a concrete structure, both in the longitudinal and transversal directions and between different parts of the structure. If these movements are restrained, stresses will be induced which may contribute to cracking. The movements are caused by complex interactions of several factors such as solar radiation, air temperature, long-wave heat radiation and wind speed. To predict the varying thermal conditions in a concrete structure a finite element model has been used. A validation of the model has been performed using field measurements in a concrete slab together with climate data from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute to be able to use the model for simulations over long time periods and for situations with no available local thermal data. The daily variations in the temperature distribution is captured by the model and it is well suited to be used for estimating extreme values for linear temperature differences based on climate data from meteorological stations. The analyses of extreme values for simulations with longer time periods show that the values for the positive linear temperature gradients in the Eurocode are underestimated for the investigated conditions. There is also a tendency towards geographical differences which has not been included before. An asphalt paving layer increases positive linear temperature gradients while they decrease with a concrete paving.},
  author       = {Larsson, Oskar and Thelandersson, Sven},
  issn         = {1359-5997},
  keyword      = {Thermal actions,Concrete,Finite Element Model,Extreme values,Climate data,KstrConcrete,KstrReliability},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1491--1500},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Materials and Structures},
  title        = {Estimating extreme values of thermal gradients in concrete structures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-011-9714-0},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2011},
}