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Development and non-indigenous species at the global scale

Gren, Ing-Marie and Campos, Monica LU (2011) In Regional Environmental Change 11(3). p.593-601
Abstract
This paper investigates the explanatory power of development, prosperity and regulatory capability as proximate causes of non-indigenous species (NIS) occurrence in different countries, doing this by statistically analysing a global cross-sectional data set. Since the quantification of development is subject to much discussion, two different indicators are tested: gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and the United Nations human development index (HDI). A corruption index is used as an indicator of regulatory capacity. In addition, variables capturing country openness, which facilitates NIS introduction, and habitat conditions, which determine NIS establishment, are included as explanatory variables. The GDP indicator together with the... (More)
This paper investigates the explanatory power of development, prosperity and regulatory capability as proximate causes of non-indigenous species (NIS) occurrence in different countries, doing this by statistically analysing a global cross-sectional data set. Since the quantification of development is subject to much discussion, two different indicators are tested: gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and the United Nations human development index (HDI). A corruption index is used as an indicator of regulatory capacity. In addition, variables capturing country openness, which facilitates NIS introduction, and habitat conditions, which determine NIS establishment, are included as explanatory variables. The GDP indicator together with the corruption index fits the NIS data best, where the number of NIS is higher in countries with larger incomes. However, countries with relatively high income but low institutional capacity show a larger number of NIS than countries with a similar level of income but with higher institutional capacity. The results also point to the significant contributions of openness and habitat fragmentation to NIS occurrences in the countries. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Non-indigenous species, Development, Openness, Habitat conditions, Econometric test, Global scale
in
Regional Environmental Change
volume
11
issue
3
pages
593 - 601
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000294058800013
  • scopus:80051938550
ISSN
1436-3798
DOI
10.1007/s10113-010-0183-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d32d64fa-100e-4f9f-8356-5cdb023c2757 (old id 2160992)
date added to LUP
2011-09-22 11:32:19
date last changed
2017-06-11 03:16:00
@article{d32d64fa-100e-4f9f-8356-5cdb023c2757,
  abstract     = {This paper investigates the explanatory power of development, prosperity and regulatory capability as proximate causes of non-indigenous species (NIS) occurrence in different countries, doing this by statistically analysing a global cross-sectional data set. Since the quantification of development is subject to much discussion, two different indicators are tested: gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and the United Nations human development index (HDI). A corruption index is used as an indicator of regulatory capacity. In addition, variables capturing country openness, which facilitates NIS introduction, and habitat conditions, which determine NIS establishment, are included as explanatory variables. The GDP indicator together with the corruption index fits the NIS data best, where the number of NIS is higher in countries with larger incomes. However, countries with relatively high income but low institutional capacity show a larger number of NIS than countries with a similar level of income but with higher institutional capacity. The results also point to the significant contributions of openness and habitat fragmentation to NIS occurrences in the countries.},
  author       = {Gren, Ing-Marie and Campos, Monica},
  issn         = {1436-3798},
  keyword      = {Non-indigenous species,Development,Openness,Habitat conditions,Econometric test,Global scale},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {593--601},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Regional Environmental Change},
  title        = {Development and non-indigenous species at the global scale},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-010-0183-8},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}