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Wine, fruit, and emission reductions: the CDM as development strategy in Chile

Rindefjäll, Teresia LU ; Lund, Emma LU and Stripple, Johannes LU (2011) In International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 11(1). p.7-22
Abstract
Through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, a developed country actor with a binding emission reduction target can use emission reductions from a project implemented in a developing country to meet this target. At the same time, CDM projects are meant to contribute to sustainable development in the host country, as defined by this country. The CDM is often taken to illustrate a broader contemporary turn in environmental policymaking toward market liberalism, flexibility, and pluralism, where the governance of the CDM involves 'agency beyond the state' at different political levels and across various jurisdictions. While such an image of the CDM certainly identifies important aspects, it also downplays the ways in... (More)
Through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, a developed country actor with a binding emission reduction target can use emission reductions from a project implemented in a developing country to meet this target. At the same time, CDM projects are meant to contribute to sustainable development in the host country, as defined by this country. The CDM is often taken to illustrate a broader contemporary turn in environmental policymaking toward market liberalism, flexibility, and pluralism, where the governance of the CDM involves 'agency beyond the state' at different political levels and across various jurisdictions. While such an image of the CDM certainly identifies important aspects, it also downplays the ways in which states govern the CDM, not at the international level but at the domestic level through the host country prerogative to define its sustainable development priorities. Early on in the scholarly debate on the CDM, fears were raised about a 'race to the bottom' with regard to sustainable development requirements on CDM projects. Our research on Chile confirms that hypothesis, with the important addition, that the 'race' is not simply a structural feature of the CDM, but a deliberate strategy. We argue that Chile has actively chosen to put only marginal emphasis on securing the CDM's contribution to sustainable development, and instead uses the CDM primarily as a tool to attract foreign investments, treating carbon credits as just another export product. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Chile, Kyoto protocol, Sustainable, development
in
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
volume
11
issue
1
pages
7 - 22
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000293788900002
  • scopus:79952184028
ISSN
1573-1553
DOI
10.1007/s10784-011-9151-0
project
ClimateColl - Effektiv klimatsamverkan för ren utveckling
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
95f21359-97a2-4e76-ae80-0c9183d0424a (old id 2162012)
date added to LUP
2011-09-21 09:53:13
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:15:42
@article{95f21359-97a2-4e76-ae80-0c9183d0424a,
  abstract     = {Through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, a developed country actor with a binding emission reduction target can use emission reductions from a project implemented in a developing country to meet this target. At the same time, CDM projects are meant to contribute to sustainable development in the host country, as defined by this country. The CDM is often taken to illustrate a broader contemporary turn in environmental policymaking toward market liberalism, flexibility, and pluralism, where the governance of the CDM involves 'agency beyond the state' at different political levels and across various jurisdictions. While such an image of the CDM certainly identifies important aspects, it also downplays the ways in which states govern the CDM, not at the international level but at the domestic level through the host country prerogative to define its sustainable development priorities. Early on in the scholarly debate on the CDM, fears were raised about a 'race to the bottom' with regard to sustainable development requirements on CDM projects. Our research on Chile confirms that hypothesis, with the important addition, that the 'race' is not simply a structural feature of the CDM, but a deliberate strategy. We argue that Chile has actively chosen to put only marginal emphasis on securing the CDM's contribution to sustainable development, and instead uses the CDM primarily as a tool to attract foreign investments, treating carbon credits as just another export product.},
  author       = {Rindefjäll, Teresia and Lund, Emma and Stripple, Johannes},
  issn         = {1573-1553},
  keyword      = {Clean Development Mechanism (CDM),Chile,Kyoto protocol,Sustainable,development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {7--22},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics},
  title        = {Wine, fruit, and emission reductions: the CDM as development strategy in Chile},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10784-011-9151-0},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}