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A Comprehensive Evaluation Approach for Highly Automated Driving

Rösener , Christian; Sauerbier, Jan ; Zlocki, Adrian; Fahrenkrog, Felix; Wang, Lei; Varhelyi, Andras LU ; de Gelder , Erwin; Breunig, Sandra; Mejuto, Pablo and Tango, Fabio (2017) In Enhanced Safety of Vehicles p.1-13
Abstract (Swedish)
Since the last decade, development efforts by academia and industry for automated driving functions have increased significantly. Also, the European research project AdaptIVe is looking into this topic. Due to the large operation spaces and various complex situations that are covered by these functions, efforts for evaluation increase also significantly. Within AdaptIVe, a comprehensive evaluation approach for automated driving functions ranging from SAE level 2-4 has been developed [1]. The approach splits the evaluation into technical, user-related, in-traffic and impact assessment addressing safety and environmental effects of automated driving. For each evaluation type appropriate test tools and methods are selected e.g. field test for... (More)
Since the last decade, development efforts by academia and industry for automated driving functions have increased significantly. Also, the European research project AdaptIVe is looking into this topic. Due to the large operation spaces and various complex situations that are covered by these functions, efforts for evaluation increase also significantly. Within AdaptIVe, a comprehensive evaluation approach for automated driving functions ranging from SAE level 2-4 has been developed [1]. The approach splits the evaluation into technical, user-related, in-traffic and impact assessment addressing safety and environmental effects of automated driving. For each evaluation type appropriate test tools and methods are selected e.g. field test for technical assessment, trials on test track and in real traffic for the user-related assessments and simulations for the in-traffic and impact assessment. Next to the assessment type also the characteristics of the function must be considered when deciding for specific test tools. Hence, besides to the level of automation [8] the automated driving functions are classified into continuous and event-based operating functions. Whereas event-based operating functions are only operating for a short period in time (e.g. automated parking), continuous operating functions are, once they are active, operating for longer time periods (e.g. highway automation). Based on the classification the aspects to be evaluated and test methods are selected for all assessment types. The developed methodology has been applied to several automated driving functions developed within AdaptIVe. As an example, for the technical assessment of continuous operating functions it has been assessed whether the driving behavior of the developed functions is similar to human driving behavior and therefore not disturbing human traffic. In the user-related assessment, issues related to driver behavior, understanding of automation, trust, mental workload, resuming control, vigilance, usability and acceptance has been looked at. In this paper the key aspects of the AdaptIVe evaluation methodology for technical, user-related, in-traffic and impact assessment are presented as well as the key results of the application of this methodology on the within AdaptIVe developed automated driving functions. (Less)
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author
organization
alternative title
En övergripande utvärderingsmetod för högt automatiserad körning
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
keywords
automated driving , comprehensive evaluation, technica assesment, user-related assessment, in-traffic assessment, impact assessment, safety, environmental effects
in
Enhanced Safety of Vehicles
pages
13 pages
publisher
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
ISBN
https://www-esv.nhtsa.dot.gov/Proceedings/25/toc.htm
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
21881145-a11e-42fd-9f59-efbd478cdd44
alternative location
https://www-esv.nhtsa.dot.gov/Proceedings/25/toc.htm
date added to LUP
2017-09-27 15:21:37
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:54:53
@inproceedings{21881145-a11e-42fd-9f59-efbd478cdd44,
  abstract     = {Since the last decade, development efforts by academia and industry for automated driving functions have increased significantly. Also, the European research project AdaptIVe is looking into this topic. Due to the large operation spaces and various complex situations that are covered by these functions, efforts for evaluation increase also significantly. Within AdaptIVe, a comprehensive evaluation approach for automated driving functions ranging from SAE level 2-4 has been developed [1]. The approach splits the evaluation into technical, user-related, in-traffic and impact assessment addressing safety and environmental effects of automated driving. For each evaluation type appropriate test tools and methods are selected e.g. field test for technical assessment, trials on test track and in real traffic for the user-related assessments and simulations for the in-traffic and impact assessment. Next to the assessment type also the characteristics of the function must be considered when deciding for specific test tools. Hence, besides to the level of automation [8] the automated driving functions are classified into continuous and event-based operating functions. Whereas event-based operating functions are only operating for a short period in time (e.g. automated parking), continuous operating functions are, once they are active, operating for longer time periods (e.g. highway automation). Based on the classification the aspects to be evaluated and test methods are selected for all assessment types. The developed methodology has been applied to several automated driving functions developed within AdaptIVe. As an example, for the technical assessment of continuous operating functions it has been assessed whether the driving behavior of the developed functions is similar to human driving behavior and therefore not disturbing human traffic. In the user-related assessment, issues related to driver behavior, understanding of automation, trust, mental workload, resuming control, vigilance, usability and acceptance has been looked at. In this paper the key aspects of the AdaptIVe evaluation methodology for technical, user-related, in-traffic and impact assessment are presented as well as the key results of the application of this methodology on the within AdaptIVe developed automated driving functions.},
  author       = {Rösener , Christian and Sauerbier, Jan  and Zlocki, Adrian and Fahrenkrog, Felix and Wang, Lei and Varhelyi, Andras and de Gelder , Erwin and Breunig, Sandra and Mejuto, Pablo and Tango, Fabio},
  booktitle    = {Enhanced Safety of Vehicles},
  isbn         = {https://www-esv.nhtsa.dot.gov/Proceedings/25/toc.htm},
  keyword      = {automated driving ,comprehensive evaluation, technica assesment,user-related assessment,in-traffic assessment,impact assessment,safety,environmental effects},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  pages        = {1--13},
  publisher    = {National Highway Traffic Safety Administration},
  title        = {A Comprehensive Evaluation Approach for Highly Automated Driving},
  year         = {2017},
}