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Modeling Carbon and Water Fluxes in European Terrestrial Ecosystems

Morales, Pablo LU (2006) In Meddelanden från Lunds universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar N. 159
Abstract
The controlling mechanisms and feedbacks between climate, the carbon and water cycling and vegetation in European ecosystems have attracted much attention in recent years but



they are still not sufficiently understood. A better understanding of them is necessary to predict how they will be affected by climate change. Process-based models of ecosystem



structure and functioning provide a tool to study the role of the terrestrial biosphere in the global carbon cycle and to assess changes in and risks to biogeochemical cycles associated with a changing climate. This thesis describes the evaluation and application of LPJ-GUESS, a modeling framework that integrates representations of population dynamics... (More)
The controlling mechanisms and feedbacks between climate, the carbon and water cycling and vegetation in European ecosystems have attracted much attention in recent years but



they are still not sufficiently understood. A better understanding of them is necessary to predict how they will be affected by climate change. Process-based models of ecosystem



structure and functioning provide a tool to study the role of the terrestrial biosphere in the global carbon cycle and to assess changes in and risks to biogeochemical cycles associated with a changing climate. This thesis describes the evaluation and application of LPJ-GUESS, a modeling framework that integrates representations of population dynamics processes, process-based representation of plant physiology and the fluxes of carbon and water between the terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere.



The results from the model intercomparison and evaluation studies show that ecosystem models can be considered as useful tools for studies of climate change impacts on carbon



and water cycling forests. However, the sources of variation among models and between models and observed data place some constraints on model results and to some extent reduce their reliability.



The impact studies reported in this thesis provides a good representation of what would be the impacts of a potential climate change on natural systems on Europe and allow to quantify the associated uncertainties in projected impacts at local, regional and continental scale.



They are also a step towards linking climate modeling community and the



impact studies community. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Prof. Dr. Heimann, Martin, Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry - Jena
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
climatology, Fysisk geografi, geomorphology, pedology, cartography, Physical geography, water fluxes, climate change, kartografi, geomorfologi, klimatologi, marklära, carbon fluxes, regional climate models, vegetation dynamics, ecosystem modeling
in
Meddelanden från Lunds universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar N. 159
pages
156 pages
publisher
Apelsin Publishing
defense location
Geocentrum 1, Sölvegatan 10, room : Världen
defense date
2006-02-14 10:00
external identifiers
  • scopus:33644990277
ISSN
0346-6787
ISBN
91-974997-2-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
21c38459-f768-4943-8d3b-57f047f47118 (old id 546158)
date added to LUP
2007-09-06 09:18:30
date last changed
2019-05-22 08:01:32
@phdthesis{21c38459-f768-4943-8d3b-57f047f47118,
  abstract     = {The controlling mechanisms and feedbacks between climate, the carbon and water cycling and vegetation in European ecosystems have attracted much attention in recent years but<br/><br>
<br/><br>
they are still not sufficiently understood. A better understanding of them is necessary to predict how they will be affected by climate change. Process-based models of ecosystem<br/><br>
<br/><br>
structure and functioning provide a tool to study the role of the terrestrial biosphere in the global carbon cycle and to assess changes in and risks to biogeochemical cycles associated with a changing climate. This thesis describes the evaluation and application of LPJ-GUESS, a modeling framework that integrates representations of population dynamics processes, process-based representation of plant physiology and the fluxes of carbon and water between the terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The results from the model intercomparison and evaluation studies show that ecosystem models can be considered as useful tools for studies of climate change impacts on carbon<br/><br>
<br/><br>
and water cycling forests. However, the sources of variation among models and between models and observed data place some constraints on model results and to some extent reduce their reliability.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The impact studies reported in this thesis provides a good representation of what would be the impacts of a potential climate change on natural systems on Europe and allow to quantify the associated uncertainties in projected impacts at local, regional and continental scale.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
They are also a step towards linking climate modeling community and the<br/><br>
<br/><br>
impact studies community.},
  author       = {Morales, Pablo},
  isbn         = {91-974997-2-2},
  issn         = {0346-6787},
  keyword      = {climatology,Fysisk geografi,geomorphology,pedology,cartography,Physical geography,water fluxes,climate change,kartografi,geomorfologi,klimatologi,marklära,carbon fluxes,regional climate models,vegetation dynamics,ecosystem modeling},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {156},
  publisher    = {Apelsin Publishing},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Meddelanden från Lunds universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar N. 159},
  title        = {Modeling Carbon and Water Fluxes in European Terrestrial Ecosystems},
  year         = {2006},
}