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Professions as Science-Based Occupations

Brante, Thomas LU (2011) In Professions and Professionalism 1(1). p.4-20
Abstract
How professions should be defined and separated from other occupations has constituted an enduring theoretical and empirical problem in studies of the professions. In this article, the definitions of the so-called list approaches, involving enumerations of social attributes, are scrutinized. Weak-nesses are highlighted and analysed. It is argued that an alternative approach to the issue of definition, commencing from the epistemic or cognitive dimensions of professions, may be more fruitful. One such possibility is presented by setting out from realist philosophy of science. The links between science and profession are explored by addressing, primarily, the relation between the concepts of mechanism and intervention. A new, ‘invariant’... (More)
How professions should be defined and separated from other occupations has constituted an enduring theoretical and empirical problem in studies of the professions. In this article, the definitions of the so-called list approaches, involving enumerations of social attributes, are scrutinized. Weak-nesses are highlighted and analysed. It is argued that an alternative approach to the issue of definition, commencing from the epistemic or cognitive dimensions of professions, may be more fruitful. One such possibility is presented by setting out from realist philosophy of science. The links between science and profession are explored by addressing, primarily, the relation between the concepts of mechanism and intervention. A new, ‘invariant’ definition is proposed. In conclusion, a few consequences for future empirical studies of the professions are outlined. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
profession, definition of profession, professional attributes, philosophy of science, mechanism, intervention
in
Professions and Professionalism
volume
1
issue
1
pages
4 - 20
publisher
Oslo and Akershus University College
ISSN
1893-1049
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7b9c5822-d25f-4ccf-8090-222b04028f85 (old id 2205088)
alternative location
http://journals.hioa.no/index.php/pp/article/view/147
date added to LUP
2011-11-18 09:40:48
date last changed
2016-04-15 23:52:14
@article{7b9c5822-d25f-4ccf-8090-222b04028f85,
  abstract     = {How professions should be defined and separated from other occupations has constituted an enduring theoretical and empirical problem in studies of the professions. In this article, the definitions of the so-called list approaches, involving enumerations of social attributes, are scrutinized. Weak-nesses are highlighted and analysed. It is argued that an alternative approach to the issue of definition, commencing from the epistemic or cognitive dimensions of professions, may be more fruitful. One such possibility is presented by setting out from realist philosophy of science. The links between science and profession are explored by addressing, primarily, the relation between the concepts of mechanism and intervention. A new, ‘invariant’ definition is proposed. In conclusion, a few consequences for future empirical studies of the professions are outlined.},
  author       = {Brante, Thomas},
  issn         = {1893-1049},
  keyword      = {profession,definition of profession,professional attributes,philosophy of science,mechanism,intervention},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {4--20},
  publisher    = {Oslo and Akershus University College},
  series       = {Professions and Professionalism},
  title        = {Professions as Science-Based Occupations},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2011},
}