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Police officer involved shootings – retrospective study of situational characteristics

Petersson, Ulf; Bertilsson, Johan LU ; Fredriksson, Peter; Magnusson, Måns LU and Fransson, Per Anders LU (2017) In Police Practice and Research 18(3). p.306-321
Abstract

The study analyzed the situational characteristics of 112 incidents where police used firearms to handle high threat situations. Most shooting incidents emanated from usually uneventful tasks, e.g., handling burglaries or disturbances. The assailants were commonly armed with firearms (26%), sharp (27%) or blunt objects (10%). The incidents were regularly short-lasting (in 39% were shots fired ≤3 s from threat emerged) and occurred at short distances (in 42% at distances ≤3 m). Predominantly, the first responders had to address the situation and did so with warning shots or, equally common, with fire-for-effect shots (40%) or a combination thereof. Psychological stress was manifested as feelings of panic at some point and as motor skill... (More)

The study analyzed the situational characteristics of 112 incidents where police used firearms to handle high threat situations. Most shooting incidents emanated from usually uneventful tasks, e.g., handling burglaries or disturbances. The assailants were commonly armed with firearms (26%), sharp (27%) or blunt objects (10%). The incidents were regularly short-lasting (in 39% were shots fired ≤3 s from threat emerged) and occurred at short distances (in 42% at distances ≤3 m). Predominantly, the first responders had to address the situation and did so with warning shots or, equally common, with fire-for-effect shots (40%) or a combination thereof. Psychological stress was manifested as feelings of panic at some point and as motor skill alterations, e.g., firing without using sights and with one hand only. Analysis of these incidents shows that all field duty police officers should receive training in handling potentially life-threatening, sudden, close-range attacks.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
firearms, motor control, officer involved shootings, Police use of force, psychomotor
in
Police Practice and Research
volume
18
issue
3
pages
16 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85012875075
  • wos:000395745500009
ISSN
1561-4263
DOI
10.1080/15614263.2017.1291592
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2217be0f-ee37-4a03-9151-41a60c957cbf
date added to LUP
2017-02-27 11:54:32
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:52:52
@article{2217be0f-ee37-4a03-9151-41a60c957cbf,
  abstract     = {<p>The study analyzed the situational characteristics of 112 incidents where police used firearms to handle high threat situations. Most shooting incidents emanated from usually uneventful tasks, e.g., handling burglaries or disturbances. The assailants were commonly armed with firearms (26%), sharp (27%) or blunt objects (10%). The incidents were regularly short-lasting (in 39% were shots fired ≤3 s from threat emerged) and occurred at short distances (in 42% at distances ≤3 m). Predominantly, the first responders had to address the situation and did so with warning shots or, equally common, with fire-for-effect shots (40%) or a combination thereof. Psychological stress was manifested as feelings of panic at some point and as motor skill alterations, e.g., firing without using sights and with one hand only. Analysis of these incidents shows that all field duty police officers should receive training in handling potentially life-threatening, sudden, close-range attacks.</p>},
  author       = {Petersson, Ulf and Bertilsson, Johan and Fredriksson, Peter and Magnusson, Måns and Fransson, Per Anders},
  issn         = {1561-4263},
  keyword      = {firearms,motor control,officer involved shootings,Police use of force,psychomotor},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {306--321},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Police Practice and Research},
  title        = {Police officer involved shootings – retrospective study of situational characteristics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1291592},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2017},
}