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The Doughnut Fallacy as Deliberative Failure

Sundström, Mikael LU orcid and Sigrell, Anders LU (2011) In Cogency - Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 3(1). p.147-171
Abstract
Abstract in Undetermined
The Doughnut fallacy hypothesis posits that many debaters tend to sup- port their arguments using collapsed generalities – such as “democracy” – with pur- ported self-evident positive or negative qualities as philosophical grounding. This will leave an often unexamined hole in the middle of the debate which will stunt delib- erative processes, as it effectively stops deliberation from proceeding to the “philo- sophical core” of the debate. The authors contend that the fallacy is particularly devi- ous as analysis of individual arguments will not necessary detect it (and may in fact conclude that it is evidence of good deliberation) as the problem is only evident on the discourse level. It could be seen as an... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined
The Doughnut fallacy hypothesis posits that many debaters tend to sup- port their arguments using collapsed generalities – such as “democracy” – with pur- ported self-evident positive or negative qualities as philosophical grounding. This will leave an often unexamined hole in the middle of the debate which will stunt delib- erative processes, as it effectively stops deliberation from proceeding to the “philo- sophical core” of the debate. The authors contend that the fallacy is particularly devi- ous as analysis of individual arguments will not necessary detect it (and may in fact conclude that it is evidence of good deliberation) as the problem is only evident on the discourse level. It could be seen as an unexplored subgroup of the already noted Aristotelian fallacy of ambiguity. This piece will explore the fallacy, relate it to extant thinking, formalise assessment of it, and finally prepare the ground for future quan- titative analysis of its deliberative impact (to be carried out on its own or as part of a larger effort, e.g., an index). (Less)
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author
and
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fallacies, deliberation, debate analysis, congruity, glittering generalities
in
Cogency - Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation
volume
3
issue
1
pages
147 - 171
publisher
Universidad Diego Portales
ISSN
0718-8285
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a495b2ec-c28b-4ea5-a7c0-e9595a32fc0f (old id 2224325)
alternative location
http://www.cogency.udp.cl/ediciones/5/Cogency_v3_n1_09.pdf
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 13:43:31
date last changed
2021-03-22 14:00:47
@article{a495b2ec-c28b-4ea5-a7c0-e9595a32fc0f,
  abstract     = {Abstract in Undetermined<br/>The Doughnut fallacy hypothesis posits that many debaters tend to sup- port their arguments using collapsed generalities – such as “democracy” – with pur- ported self-evident positive or negative qualities as philosophical grounding. This will leave an often unexamined hole in the middle of the debate which will stunt delib- erative processes, as it effectively stops deliberation from proceeding to the “philo- sophical core” of the debate. The authors contend that the fallacy is particularly devi- ous as analysis of individual arguments will not necessary detect it (and may in fact conclude that it is evidence of good deliberation) as the problem is only evident on the discourse level. It could be seen as an unexplored subgroup of the already noted Aristotelian fallacy of ambiguity. This piece will explore the fallacy, relate it to extant thinking, formalise assessment of it, and finally prepare the ground for future quan- titative analysis of its deliberative impact (to be carried out on its own or as part of a larger effort, e.g., an index).},
  author       = {Sundström, Mikael and Sigrell, Anders},
  issn         = {0718-8285},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {147--171},
  publisher    = {Universidad Diego Portales},
  series       = {Cogency - Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation},
  title        = {The Doughnut Fallacy as Deliberative Failure},
  url          = {http://www.cogency.udp.cl/ediciones/5/Cogency_v3_n1_09.pdf},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2011},
}