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Geographic distribution of need and access to health care in rural population: an ecological study in Iran

Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar LU ; Najafi, Behzad and Haghparast-Bidgoli, Hassan (2011) In International Journal for Equity in Health 10(39).
Abstract
Introduction: Equity in access to and utilization of health services is a common goal of policy-makers in most countries. The current study aimed to evaluate the distribution of need and access to health care services among Iran's rural population between 2006 and 2009. Methods: Census data on population's characteristics in each province were obtained from the Statistical Centre of Iran and National Organization for civil registration. Data about the Rural Health Houses (RHHs) were obtained from the Ministry of Health. The Health Houses-to-rural population ratio (RHP), crude birth rate (CBR) and crude mortality rate (CMR) in rural population were calculated in order to compare their distribution among the provinces. Lorenz curves of RHHs,... (More)
Introduction: Equity in access to and utilization of health services is a common goal of policy-makers in most countries. The current study aimed to evaluate the distribution of need and access to health care services among Iran's rural population between 2006 and 2009. Methods: Census data on population's characteristics in each province were obtained from the Statistical Centre of Iran and National Organization for civil registration. Data about the Rural Health Houses (RHHs) were obtained from the Ministry of Health. The Health Houses-to-rural population ratio (RHP), crude birth rate (CBR) and crude mortality rate (CMR) in rural population were calculated in order to compare their distribution among the provinces. Lorenz curves of RHHs, CMR and CBR were plotted and their decile ratio, Gini Index and Index of Dissimilarity were calculated. Moreover, Spearman rank-order correlation was used to examine the relation between RHHs and CMR and CBR. Results: There were substantial differences in RHHs, CMR and CBR across the provinces. CMR and CBR experienced changes toward more equal distributions between 2006 and 2009, while inverse trend was seen for RHHs. Excluding three provinces with markedly changes in data between 2006 and 2009 as outliers, did not change observed trends. Moreover; there was a significant positive relationship between CMR and RHP in 2009 and a significant negative association between CBR and RHP in 2006 and 2009. When three provinces with outliers were excluded, these significant associations were disappeared. Conclusion: Results showed that there were significant variations in the distribution of RHHs, CMR and CBR across the country. Moreover, the distribution of RHHs did not reflect the needs for health care in terms of CMR and CBR in the study period. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Equality, Gini Index, Index of Dissimilarity, Rural Health Houses, Iran
in
International Journal for Equity in Health
volume
10
issue
39
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000296498400001
  • scopus:80053174244
ISSN
1475-9276
DOI
10.1186/1475-9276-10-39
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4621cd54-abae-4622-848c-89286e70ca15 (old id 2253255)
date added to LUP
2012-01-02 07:59:36
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:14:30
@article{4621cd54-abae-4622-848c-89286e70ca15,
  abstract     = {Introduction: Equity in access to and utilization of health services is a common goal of policy-makers in most countries. The current study aimed to evaluate the distribution of need and access to health care services among Iran's rural population between 2006 and 2009. Methods: Census data on population's characteristics in each province were obtained from the Statistical Centre of Iran and National Organization for civil registration. Data about the Rural Health Houses (RHHs) were obtained from the Ministry of Health. The Health Houses-to-rural population ratio (RHP), crude birth rate (CBR) and crude mortality rate (CMR) in rural population were calculated in order to compare their distribution among the provinces. Lorenz curves of RHHs, CMR and CBR were plotted and their decile ratio, Gini Index and Index of Dissimilarity were calculated. Moreover, Spearman rank-order correlation was used to examine the relation between RHHs and CMR and CBR. Results: There were substantial differences in RHHs, CMR and CBR across the provinces. CMR and CBR experienced changes toward more equal distributions between 2006 and 2009, while inverse trend was seen for RHHs. Excluding three provinces with markedly changes in data between 2006 and 2009 as outliers, did not change observed trends. Moreover; there was a significant positive relationship between CMR and RHP in 2009 and a significant negative association between CBR and RHP in 2006 and 2009. When three provinces with outliers were excluded, these significant associations were disappeared. Conclusion: Results showed that there were significant variations in the distribution of RHHs, CMR and CBR across the country. Moreover, the distribution of RHHs did not reflect the needs for health care in terms of CMR and CBR in the study period.},
  author       = {Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar and Najafi, Behzad and Haghparast-Bidgoli, Hassan},
  issn         = {1475-9276},
  keyword      = {Equality,Gini Index,Index of Dissimilarity,Rural Health Houses,Iran},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {39},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {International Journal for Equity in Health},
  title        = {Geographic distribution of need and access to health care in rural population: an ecological study in Iran},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-10-39},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2011},
}