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Solute transport dynamics by high-resolution dye tracer experiments - Image analysis and time moments

Persson, Magnus LU ; Haridy, S; Olsson, J and Wendt, J (2005) In Vadose Zone Journal 4(3). p.856-865
Abstract
Accurate measurements of solute concentration are needed to conduct studies of solute transport process in unsaturated soil. In this paper we present a method of obtaining accurate measurements in and space using dye infiltration and image analysis. The soil color was related to the dye concentration in the soil (C-s) using 74 small calibration samples. The overall root mean square error (RMSE) 0.057 g dm(-3), however, for C-s < 0.75 g dm(-3), the RMSE was only 0.032 g dm(-3). Variability of the concentration estimates at the pixel scale could be reduced by using an average filter. We used the calibration relationship during four infiltration experiments in a 0.95 by 0.975 m large Plexiglas Hele-Shaw cell to calculate dye concentration... (More)
Accurate measurements of solute concentration are needed to conduct studies of solute transport process in unsaturated soil. In this paper we present a method of obtaining accurate measurements in and space using dye infiltration and image analysis. The soil color was related to the dye concentration in the soil (C-s) using 74 small calibration samples. The overall root mean square error (RMSE) 0.057 g dm(-3), however, for C-s < 0.75 g dm(-3), the RMSE was only 0.032 g dm(-3). Variability of the concentration estimates at the pixel scale could be reduced by using an average filter. We used the calibration relationship during four infiltration experiments in a 0.95 by 0.975 m large Plexiglas Hele-Shaw cell to calculate dye concentration patterns. Using the first and second order time moments, the dispersivity lambda was calculated for nine different artificial column widths, from 0.0014 (local-scale) to 0.72 m (meso-scale). The horizontally averaged lambda proved to be identical for column widths from 0.0014 to 0.045 m. For larger scales, lambda gradually increased. We noticed that the two experiments with higher flow (1 and 2) and the two experiments with lower flow (3 and 4) showed an almost identical variation of meso-scale lambda with depth. We concluded that above a specific critical value of theta (similar to 0.22 m(3) m(-3)), solute mixing is enhanced, leading to a lower lambda, and that solute transport can be described as a convective-dispersive process. When theta is lower than this critical level, part of the porosity is deactivated and mixing between individual stream tubes decreases, which implies that transport then occurs as a stochastic-convective process. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Vadose Zone Journal
volume
4
issue
3
pages
856 - 865
publisher
Soil Science Society of America
external identifiers
  • wos:000231358400028
  • scopus:34247557896
ISSN
1539-1663
DOI
10.2136/vzj2004.0129
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ed2e0cdb-ceb0-47ff-8730-c203249597cf (old id 226510)
date added to LUP
2007-10-05 12:19:59
date last changed
2017-06-25 04:32:40
@article{ed2e0cdb-ceb0-47ff-8730-c203249597cf,
  abstract     = {Accurate measurements of solute concentration are needed to conduct studies of solute transport process in unsaturated soil. In this paper we present a method of obtaining accurate measurements in and space using dye infiltration and image analysis. The soil color was related to the dye concentration in the soil (C-s) using 74 small calibration samples. The overall root mean square error (RMSE) 0.057 g dm(-3), however, for C-s &lt; 0.75 g dm(-3), the RMSE was only 0.032 g dm(-3). Variability of the concentration estimates at the pixel scale could be reduced by using an average filter. We used the calibration relationship during four infiltration experiments in a 0.95 by 0.975 m large Plexiglas Hele-Shaw cell to calculate dye concentration patterns. Using the first and second order time moments, the dispersivity lambda was calculated for nine different artificial column widths, from 0.0014 (local-scale) to 0.72 m (meso-scale). The horizontally averaged lambda proved to be identical for column widths from 0.0014 to 0.045 m. For larger scales, lambda gradually increased. We noticed that the two experiments with higher flow (1 and 2) and the two experiments with lower flow (3 and 4) showed an almost identical variation of meso-scale lambda with depth. We concluded that above a specific critical value of theta (similar to 0.22 m(3) m(-3)), solute mixing is enhanced, leading to a lower lambda, and that solute transport can be described as a convective-dispersive process. When theta is lower than this critical level, part of the porosity is deactivated and mixing between individual stream tubes decreases, which implies that transport then occurs as a stochastic-convective process.},
  author       = {Persson, Magnus and Haridy, S and Olsson, J and Wendt, J},
  issn         = {1539-1663},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {856--865},
  publisher    = {Soil Science Society of America},
  series       = {Vadose Zone Journal},
  title        = {Solute transport dynamics by high-resolution dye tracer experiments - Image analysis and time moments},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/vzj2004.0129},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2005},
}