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Concentration variability of potent allergens of p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-FR) in patch test preparations and commercially available PTBP-FR.

Hamann, C R; Zimerson, Erik LU ; Hamann, D; Laugesen, L; Carlsson, B; Nathansen, C; Hamann, C and Bruze, Magnus LU (2012) In British Journal of Dermatology 166(4). p.761-770
Abstract
Background: p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-FR) is a common component of glues used in the manufacturing of many plastic, electronic, rubber, wood, and leather products. Two main allergens of PTBP-FR have been described. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the concentrations of the two main allergens of PTBP-FR in diagnostic patch testing preparations and PTBP-FR available to glue and adhesive manufacturers. Methods: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry (NMR) was used to confirm identity and determine the purity of reference materials. High-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyse patch test preparations and commercially-available PTBP-FR. Results: In the PTBP-FR in analysed patch test... (More)
Background: p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-FR) is a common component of glues used in the manufacturing of many plastic, electronic, rubber, wood, and leather products. Two main allergens of PTBP-FR have been described. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the concentrations of the two main allergens of PTBP-FR in diagnostic patch testing preparations and PTBP-FR available to glue and adhesive manufacturers. Methods: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry (NMR) was used to confirm identity and determine the purity of reference materials. High-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyse patch test preparations and commercially-available PTBP-FR. Results: In the PTBP-FR in analysed patch test preparations the highest concentration of the allergenic dimer 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 1.79% and the lowest 0.21%. The highest concentration of the allergenic dimer 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found in PTBP-FR of analysed patch test preparations was 0.50% and the lowest concentration found was 0.04%. In commercially-available PTBP-FR the highest concentration of -tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 3.7% and the highest concentration of 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 1.1%. In three PTBP-FR samples neither allergen could be detected. Conclusions: Our data suggests that reporting resin concentration in petrolatum is not predictive of a consistent concentration of the two main allergens of PTBP-FR. The ten-fold difference in allergen concentration between different patch test preparations has significant ramifications for maintaining consistent dose of delivered allergen. The results of this study reinforce the need for patch test product standardization in the Contact Dermatitis community. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
British Journal of Dermatology
volume
166
issue
4
pages
761 - 770
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000302013100084
  • pmid:22182485
  • scopus:84859156543
ISSN
1365-2133
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10781.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3fdce2e3-c1f2-450a-96ce-aaa136d21d3f (old id 2273875)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22182485?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-01-03 20:31:20
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:32:47
@article{3fdce2e3-c1f2-450a-96ce-aaa136d21d3f,
  abstract     = {Background: p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-FR) is a common component of glues used in the manufacturing of many plastic, electronic, rubber, wood, and leather products. Two main allergens of PTBP-FR have been described. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the concentrations of the two main allergens of PTBP-FR in diagnostic patch testing preparations and PTBP-FR available to glue and adhesive manufacturers. Methods: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry (NMR) was used to confirm identity and determine the purity of reference materials. High-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyse patch test preparations and commercially-available PTBP-FR. Results: In the PTBP-FR in analysed patch test preparations the highest concentration of the allergenic dimer 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 1.79% and the lowest 0.21%. The highest concentration of the allergenic dimer 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found in PTBP-FR of analysed patch test preparations was 0.50% and the lowest concentration found was 0.04%. In commercially-available PTBP-FR the highest concentration of -tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 3.7% and the highest concentration of 4-tert-butyl-2-(5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-benzyloxymethyl)-6-hydroxymethylphenol found was 1.1%. In three PTBP-FR samples neither allergen could be detected. Conclusions: Our data suggests that reporting resin concentration in petrolatum is not predictive of a consistent concentration of the two main allergens of PTBP-FR. The ten-fold difference in allergen concentration between different patch test preparations has significant ramifications for maintaining consistent dose of delivered allergen. The results of this study reinforce the need for patch test product standardization in the Contact Dermatitis community.},
  author       = {Hamann, C R and Zimerson, Erik and Hamann, D and Laugesen, L and Carlsson, B and Nathansen, C and Hamann, C and Bruze, Magnus},
  issn         = {1365-2133},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {761--770},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {British Journal of Dermatology},
  title        = {Concentration variability of potent allergens of p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-FR) in patch test preparations and commercially available PTBP-FR.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10781.x},
  volume       = {166},
  year         = {2012},
}