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Redefinition and global estimation of basal ecosystem respiration rate

Yuan, Wenping ; Luo, Yiqi ; Li, Xianglan ; Liu, Shuguang ; Yu, Guirui ; Zhou, Tao ; Bahn, Michael ; Black, Andy ; Desai, Ankur R. and Cescatti, Alessandro , et al. (2011) In Global Biogeochemical Cycles 25.
Abstract
Basal ecosystem respiration rate (BR), the ecosystem respiration rate at a given temperature, is a common and important parameter in empirical models for quantifying ecosystem respiration (ER) globally. Numerous studies have indicated that BR varies in space. However, many empirical ER models still use a global constant BR largely due to the lack of a functional description for BR. In this study, we redefined BR to be ecosystem respiration rate at the mean annual temperature. To test the validity of this concept, we conducted a synthesis analysis using 276 site-years of eddy covariance data, from 79 research sites located at latitudes ranging from similar to 3 degrees S to similar to 70 degrees N. Results showed that mean annual ER rate... (More)
Basal ecosystem respiration rate (BR), the ecosystem respiration rate at a given temperature, is a common and important parameter in empirical models for quantifying ecosystem respiration (ER) globally. Numerous studies have indicated that BR varies in space. However, many empirical ER models still use a global constant BR largely due to the lack of a functional description for BR. In this study, we redefined BR to be ecosystem respiration rate at the mean annual temperature. To test the validity of this concept, we conducted a synthesis analysis using 276 site-years of eddy covariance data, from 79 research sites located at latitudes ranging from similar to 3 degrees S to similar to 70 degrees N. Results showed that mean annual ER rate closely matches ER rate at mean annual temperature. Incorporation of site-specific BR into global ER model substantially improved simulated ER compared to an invariant BR at all sites. These results confirm that ER at the mean annual temperature can be considered as BR in empirical models. A strong correlation was found between the mean annual ER and mean annual gross primary production (GPP). Consequently, GPP, which is typically more accurately modeled, can be used to estimate BR. A light use efficiency GPP model (i.e., EC-LUE) was applied to estimate global GPP, BR and ER with input data from MERRA (Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications) and MODIS (Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer). The global ER was 103 Pg C yr (-1), with the highest respiration rate over tropical forests and the lowest value in dry and high-latitude areas. (Less)
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@article{9ddb531f-e406-49fe-93f0-6571d784c496,
  abstract     = {Basal ecosystem respiration rate (BR), the ecosystem respiration rate at a given temperature, is a common and important parameter in empirical models for quantifying ecosystem respiration (ER) globally. Numerous studies have indicated that BR varies in space. However, many empirical ER models still use a global constant BR largely due to the lack of a functional description for BR. In this study, we redefined BR to be ecosystem respiration rate at the mean annual temperature. To test the validity of this concept, we conducted a synthesis analysis using 276 site-years of eddy covariance data, from 79 research sites located at latitudes ranging from similar to 3 degrees S to similar to 70 degrees N. Results showed that mean annual ER rate closely matches ER rate at mean annual temperature. Incorporation of site-specific BR into global ER model substantially improved simulated ER compared to an invariant BR at all sites. These results confirm that ER at the mean annual temperature can be considered as BR in empirical models. A strong correlation was found between the mean annual ER and mean annual gross primary production (GPP). Consequently, GPP, which is typically more accurately modeled, can be used to estimate BR. A light use efficiency GPP model (i.e., EC-LUE) was applied to estimate global GPP, BR and ER with input data from MERRA (Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications) and MODIS (Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer). The global ER was 103 Pg C yr (-1), with the highest respiration rate over tropical forests and the lowest value in dry and high-latitude areas.},
  author       = {Yuan, Wenping and Luo, Yiqi and Li, Xianglan and Liu, Shuguang and Yu, Guirui and Zhou, Tao and Bahn, Michael and Black, Andy and Desai, Ankur R. and Cescatti, Alessandro and Marcolla, Barbara and Jacobs, Cor and Chen, Jiquan and Aurela, Mika and Bernhofer, Christian and Gielen, Bert and Bohrer, Gil and Cook, David R. and Dragoni, Danilo and Dunn, Allison L. and Gianelle, Damiano and Gruenwald, Thomas and Ibrom, Andreas and Leclerc, Monique Y. and Lindroth, Anders and Liu, Heping and Marchesini, Luca Belelli and Montagnani, Leonardo and Pita, Gabriel and Rodeghiero, Mirco and Rodrigues, Abel and Starr, Gregory and Stoy, Paul C.},
  issn         = {0886-6236},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {American Geophysical Union (AGU)},
  series       = {Global Biogeochemical Cycles},
  title        = {Redefinition and global estimation of basal ecosystem respiration rate},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004150},
  doi          = {10.1029/2011GB004150},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}