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Presumption of Equality as a Requirement of Fairness

Rabinowicz, Wlodek LU (2011) p.203-224
Abstract
Abstract in Undetermined
Presumption of Equality enjoins that individuals be treated equally in the absence of discriminating information. My objective in this paper is to make this principle more precise, viewing it as a norm of fairness, in order to determine why and under what conditions it should be obeyed.
Presumption norms are procedural constraints, but their justification might come from the expected outcomes of the procedures they regulate. This outcome-oriented approach to fairness is pursued in the paper. The suggestion is that in the absence of information that would discriminate between the individuals, equal treatment minimizes the expected unfairness in the outcome. Another suggestion is that, under these... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined
Presumption of Equality enjoins that individuals be treated equally in the absence of discriminating information. My objective in this paper is to make this principle more precise, viewing it as a norm of fairness, in order to determine why and under what conditions it should be obeyed.
Presumption norms are procedural constraints, but their justification might come from the expected outcomes of the procedures they regulate. This outcome-oriented approach to fairness is pursued in the paper. The suggestion is that in the absence of information that would discriminate between the individuals, equal treatment minimizes the expected unfairness in the outcome. Another suggestion is that, under these circumstances, equal treatment also minimizes maximal possible unfairness, i.e., it is minimally unfair if ‘worst comes to worst’. Whether these suggestions are correct depends on the properties of the underlying unfairness measure. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
presumption, equality, absence of information, fairness, unfairness
host publication
Descriptive and Normative Approaches to Hyman Behavior
editor
Ehtibar/Lacey, Dzhafarov/Perry
pages
203 - 224
publisher
World Scientific Publishing
ISBN
978-981-4368-00-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d7885b46-cad7-41a8-adb3-64bcf21b8f1e (old id 2295386)
date added to LUP
2016-04-04 12:15:20
date last changed
2021-03-22 13:30:01
@inbook{d7885b46-cad7-41a8-adb3-64bcf21b8f1e,
  abstract     = {Abstract in Undetermined<br/>Presumption of Equality enjoins that individuals be treated equally in the absence of discriminating information. My objective in this paper is to make this principle more precise, viewing it as a norm of fairness, in order to determine why and under what conditions it should be obeyed.<br/>Presumption norms are procedural constraints, but their justification might come from the expected outcomes of the procedures they regulate. This outcome-oriented approach to fairness is pursued in the paper. The suggestion is that in the absence of information that would discriminate between the individuals, equal treatment minimizes the expected unfairness in the outcome. Another suggestion is that, under these circumstances, equal treatment also minimizes maximal possible unfairness, i.e., it is minimally unfair if ‘worst comes to worst’. Whether these suggestions are correct depends on the properties of the underlying unfairness measure.},
  author       = {Rabinowicz, Wlodek},
  booktitle    = {Descriptive and Normative Approaches to Hyman Behavior},
  editor       = {Ehtibar/Lacey, Dzhafarov/Perry},
  isbn         = {978-981-4368-00-1},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {203--224},
  publisher    = {World Scientific Publishing},
  title        = {Presumption of Equality as a Requirement of Fairness},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/5963749/2295451.pdf},
  year         = {2011},
}