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Assistive technology policy : a position paper from the first global research, innovation, and education on assistive technology (GREAT) summit

MacLachlan, Malcolm; Banes, David; Bell, Diane; Borg, Johan LU ; Donnelly, Brian; Fembek, Michael; Ghosh, Ritu; Gowran, Rosie; Hannay, Emma and Hiscock, Diana, et al. (2018) In Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology 13(5). p.454-466
Abstract

Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization’s Global Collaboration on Assistive... (More)

Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization’s Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program. It outlines some of the key principles that AT polices should address and recognizes that AT policy should be tailored to the realities of the contexts and resources available. AT policy should be developed as a part of the evolution of related policy across a number of different sectors and should have clear and direct links to AT as mediators and moderators for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The consultation process, development and implementation of policy should be fully inclusive of AT users, and their representative organizations, be across the lifespan, and imbued with a strong systems-thinking ethos. Six barriers are identified which funnel and diminish access to AT and are addressed systematically within this paper. We illustrate an example of good practice through a case study of AT services in Norway, and we note the challenges experienced in less well-resourced settings. A number of economic factors relating to AT and economic arguments for promoting AT use are also discussed. To address policy-development the importance of active citizenship and advocacy, the need to find mechanisms to scale up good community practices to a higher level, and the importance of political engagement for the policy process, are highlighted. Policy should be evidence-informed and allowed for evidence-making; however, it is important to account for other factors within the given context in order for policy to be practical, authentic and actionable.Implications for RehabilitationThe development of policy in the area of asssitive technology is important to provide an overarching vision and outline resourcing priorities.This paper identifies some of the key themes that should be addressed when developing or revising assistive technology policy.Each country should establish a National Assistive Technology policy and develop a theory of change for its implementation.

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published
subject
keywords
accessibility, ageing, assistive technology, Disability, economics, impairment, policy
in
Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
volume
13
issue
5
pages
454 - 466
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047242183
ISSN
1748-3107
DOI
10.1080/17483107.2018.1468496
language
English
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yes
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230d8241-a2e4-4f49-aeb3-ac1f93353228
date added to LUP
2018-06-01 11:31:10
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2019-09-17 04:33:25
@article{230d8241-a2e4-4f49-aeb3-ac1f93353228,
  abstract     = {<p>Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization’s Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program. It outlines some of the key principles that AT polices should address and recognizes that AT policy should be tailored to the realities of the contexts and resources available. AT policy should be developed as a part of the evolution of related policy across a number of different sectors and should have clear and direct links to AT as mediators and moderators for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The consultation process, development and implementation of policy should be fully inclusive of AT users, and their representative organizations, be across the lifespan, and imbued with a strong systems-thinking ethos. Six barriers are identified which funnel and diminish access to AT and are addressed systematically within this paper. We illustrate an example of good practice through a case study of AT services in Norway, and we note the challenges experienced in less well-resourced settings. A number of economic factors relating to AT and economic arguments for promoting AT use are also discussed. To address policy-development the importance of active citizenship and advocacy, the need to find mechanisms to scale up good community practices to a higher level, and the importance of political engagement for the policy process, are highlighted. Policy should be evidence-informed and allowed for evidence-making; however, it is important to account for other factors within the given context in order for policy to be practical, authentic and actionable.Implications for RehabilitationThe development of policy in the area of asssitive technology is important to provide an overarching vision and outline resourcing priorities.This paper identifies some of the key themes that should be addressed when developing or revising assistive technology policy.Each country should establish a National Assistive Technology policy and develop a theory of change for its implementation.</p>},
  author       = {MacLachlan, Malcolm and Banes, David and Bell, Diane and Borg, Johan and Donnelly, Brian and Fembek, Michael and Ghosh, Ritu and Gowran, Rosie and Hannay, Emma and Hiscock, Diana and Hoogerwerf, Evert Jan and Howe, Tracey and Kohler, Friedbert and Layton, Natasha and Long, Siobhán and Mannan, Hasheem and Mji, Gubela and Odera Ongolo, Thomas and Perry, Katherine and Pettersson, Cecilia and Power, Jessica and Delgado Ramos, Vinicius and Slepičková, Lenka and Smith, Emma and Tay-Teo, Kiu and Geiser, Priscille and Hooks, Hilary},
  issn         = {1748-3107},
  keyword      = {accessibility,ageing,assistive technology,Disability,economics,impairment,policy},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {454--466},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology},
  title        = {Assistive technology policy : a position paper from the first global research, innovation, and education on assistive technology (GREAT) summit},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2018.1468496},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}