Advanced

Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in the General Population: User Characteristics and Associations with Substance Use.

Håkansson, Anders C LU ; Mickelsson, Kajsa; Wallin, Camilla LU and Berglund, Mats LU (2012) In European Addiction Research 18(2). p.83-90
Abstract
Aims: To analyse correlates of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) use in the general male population. Design: A national household survey. Participants: Individuals aged 15-64 years in Sweden. Measurements: AAS use and potential correlates of AAS use, including demographic data, financial situation, physical training, and substance use. In hierarchical logistic regression analyses, lifetime users of AAS (n = 240) were compared to all nonusers (n = 13,920) and to nonusers who reported that they had been offered AAS (n = 487). Results: AAS use was most strongly associated with a lifetime history of illicit drug use and the misuse of prescription drugs. When controlling for substance use, AAS was associated with physical training and lower... (More)
Aims: To analyse correlates of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) use in the general male population. Design: A national household survey. Participants: Individuals aged 15-64 years in Sweden. Measurements: AAS use and potential correlates of AAS use, including demographic data, financial situation, physical training, and substance use. In hierarchical logistic regression analyses, lifetime users of AAS (n = 240) were compared to all nonusers (n = 13,920) and to nonusers who reported that they had been offered AAS (n = 487). Results: AAS use was most strongly associated with a lifetime history of illicit drug use and the misuse of prescription drugs. When controlling for substance use, AAS was associated with physical training and lower education. Illicit drug use and misuse of prescription drugs separated AAS users from nonusers who had been offered AAS. No associations were seen with AUDIT scores for risk alcohol drinking. Conclusions: In this general population survey in men, lifetime use of AAS appears to share common characteristics with illicit substance use. Both substance use variables and physical training remained associated with AAS use when controlling for one another. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Addiction Research
volume
18
issue
2
pages
83 - 90
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • wos:000300407500006
  • pmid:22286840
  • scopus:84856189755
ISSN
1421-9891
DOI
10.1159/000333037
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b71f8e77-4959-4782-8b3a-68e8e195abd1 (old id 2335922)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22286840?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-02-01 21:25:57
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:56:58
@article{b71f8e77-4959-4782-8b3a-68e8e195abd1,
  abstract     = {Aims: To analyse correlates of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) use in the general male population. Design: A national household survey. Participants: Individuals aged 15-64 years in Sweden. Measurements: AAS use and potential correlates of AAS use, including demographic data, financial situation, physical training, and substance use. In hierarchical logistic regression analyses, lifetime users of AAS (n = 240) were compared to all nonusers (n = 13,920) and to nonusers who reported that they had been offered AAS (n = 487). Results: AAS use was most strongly associated with a lifetime history of illicit drug use and the misuse of prescription drugs. When controlling for substance use, AAS was associated with physical training and lower education. Illicit drug use and misuse of prescription drugs separated AAS users from nonusers who had been offered AAS. No associations were seen with AUDIT scores for risk alcohol drinking. Conclusions: In this general population survey in men, lifetime use of AAS appears to share common characteristics with illicit substance use. Both substance use variables and physical training remained associated with AAS use when controlling for one another.},
  author       = {Håkansson, Anders C and Mickelsson, Kajsa and Wallin, Camilla and Berglund, Mats},
  issn         = {1421-9891},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {83--90},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {European Addiction Research},
  title        = {Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in the General Population: User Characteristics and Associations with Substance Use.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000333037},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2012},
}