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Cadmium in food production systems: A health risk for sensitive population groups

Olsson, Ing-Marie; Eriksson, J; Oborn, I; Skerfving, Staffan LU and Oskarsson, A (2005) In Ambio 34(4-5). p.344-351
Abstract
This paper gives an overview of the cadmium (Cd) situation in agricultural systems and human exposure in Sweden. Cadmium levels in agricultural soils (the plow layer) increase by 0.03% to 0.05% per year. Feed can give substantial contributions of Cd to local agricultural systems. Effects on human kidney function are indicated by some measurements already at today's exposure levels. If food products reach the maximum permissible levels given by the European Union, 10% to 25% of the Swedish population will be exposed to Cd levels above the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI 7 mu g Cd kg(-1) body weight). Sensitive groups in the population are individuals with low iron status (mainly women) and kidney disorders. Recent studies indicate... (More)
This paper gives an overview of the cadmium (Cd) situation in agricultural systems and human exposure in Sweden. Cadmium levels in agricultural soils (the plow layer) increase by 0.03% to 0.05% per year. Feed can give substantial contributions of Cd to local agricultural systems. Effects on human kidney function are indicated by some measurements already at today's exposure levels. If food products reach the maximum permissible levels given by the European Union, 10% to 25% of the Swedish population will be exposed to Cd levels above the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI 7 mu g Cd kg(-1) body weight). Sensitive groups in the population are individuals with low iron status (mainly women) and kidney disorders. Recent studies indicate that Cd plays a role in osteoporosis and that further research is needed to clarify if Cd is neurotoxic in early developmental stages. Firm actions have to be taken in order to stop a further increase of Cd in agricultural soils. Suggestions for prevention and measures are given in this paper. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Ambio
volume
34
issue
4-5
pages
344 - 351
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000230222800014
  • pmid:16092267
  • scopus:22344439733
ISSN
0044-7447
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
41d6b2d7-a182-45e9-a0ff-59b1e2df22cf (old id 233670)
alternative location
http://ambio.allenpress.com/pdfserv/i0044-7447-034-04-0344.pdf
date added to LUP
2007-08-07 17:03:43
date last changed
2017-11-05 04:30:25
@article{41d6b2d7-a182-45e9-a0ff-59b1e2df22cf,
  abstract     = {This paper gives an overview of the cadmium (Cd) situation in agricultural systems and human exposure in Sweden. Cadmium levels in agricultural soils (the plow layer) increase by 0.03% to 0.05% per year. Feed can give substantial contributions of Cd to local agricultural systems. Effects on human kidney function are indicated by some measurements already at today's exposure levels. If food products reach the maximum permissible levels given by the European Union, 10% to 25% of the Swedish population will be exposed to Cd levels above the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI 7 mu g Cd kg(-1) body weight). Sensitive groups in the population are individuals with low iron status (mainly women) and kidney disorders. Recent studies indicate that Cd plays a role in osteoporosis and that further research is needed to clarify if Cd is neurotoxic in early developmental stages. Firm actions have to be taken in order to stop a further increase of Cd in agricultural soils. Suggestions for prevention and measures are given in this paper.},
  author       = {Olsson, Ing-Marie and Eriksson, J and Oborn, I and Skerfving, Staffan and Oskarsson, A},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4-5},
  pages        = {344--351},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Cadmium in food production systems: A health risk for sensitive population groups},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2005},
}