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Influence of street characteristics, driver category and car performance on urban driving patterns

Brundell-Freij, Karin LU and Ericsson, Eva LU (2005) In Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment 10(3). p.213-229
Abstract
Driving patterns (i.e., speed, acceleration and choice of gears) influence exhaust emissions and fuel consumption. The aim here is to obtain a better understanding of the variables that affect driving patterns, by determining the extent they are influenced by street characteristics and/or driver-car categories. A data set of over 14,000 driving patterns registered in actual traffic is used. The relationship between driving patterns and recorded variables is analysed. The most complete effect is found for the variables describing the street environment: occurrence and density of junctions controlled by traffic lights, speed limit, street function and type of neighbourhood. A fairly large effect is found for car performance, expressed in... (More)
Driving patterns (i.e., speed, acceleration and choice of gears) influence exhaust emissions and fuel consumption. The aim here is to obtain a better understanding of the variables that affect driving patterns, by determining the extent they are influenced by street characteristics and/or driver-car categories. A data set of over 14,000 driving patterns registered in actual traffic is used. The relationship between driving patterns and recorded variables is analysed. The most complete effect is found for the variables describing the street environment: occurrence and density of junctions controlled by traffic lights, speed limit, street function and type of neighbourhood. A fairly large effect is found for car performance, expressed in terms of the power-to-mass ratio. For elderly drivers, the average speed systematically decreases for all street types and stop time systematically increases on arterials. The results have implications for the assessment of environmental effects through appropriate street categorisation in emission models, as well as the possible reduction of environmental effects through better traffic planning and management, driver education and car design. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
car type, traffic conditions, driving behaviour, speed behaviour
in
Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment
volume
10
issue
3
pages
213 - 229
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000229879200003
  • scopus:19144369012
ISSN
1361-9209
DOI
10.1016/j.trd.2005.01.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
819aa712-8fdc-434f-9c9a-a299a7366941 (old id 234095)
date added to LUP
2007-08-15 09:19:11
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:42:36
@article{819aa712-8fdc-434f-9c9a-a299a7366941,
  abstract     = {Driving patterns (i.e., speed, acceleration and choice of gears) influence exhaust emissions and fuel consumption. The aim here is to obtain a better understanding of the variables that affect driving patterns, by determining the extent they are influenced by street characteristics and/or driver-car categories. A data set of over 14,000 driving patterns registered in actual traffic is used. The relationship between driving patterns and recorded variables is analysed. The most complete effect is found for the variables describing the street environment: occurrence and density of junctions controlled by traffic lights, speed limit, street function and type of neighbourhood. A fairly large effect is found for car performance, expressed in terms of the power-to-mass ratio. For elderly drivers, the average speed systematically decreases for all street types and stop time systematically increases on arterials. The results have implications for the assessment of environmental effects through appropriate street categorisation in emission models, as well as the possible reduction of environmental effects through better traffic planning and management, driver education and car design.},
  author       = {Brundell-Freij, Karin and Ericsson, Eva},
  issn         = {1361-9209},
  keyword      = {car type,traffic conditions,driving behaviour,speed behaviour},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {213--229},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment},
  title        = {Influence of street characteristics, driver category and car performance on urban driving patterns},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2005.01.001},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2005},
}