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Grain scale experimental investigation of localised deformation in sand: a discrete particle tracking approach

Andò, Edward; Hall, Stephen LU ; Viggiani, Giaocchino; Desrues, Jacques and Bésuelle, Pierre (2012) In Acta Geotechnica 7(1). p.1-13
Abstract
Recent developments in the application of x-ray micro-tomography in laboratory geomechanics have

allowed all the individual grains of sand in a test sample to be seen and identified uniquely in 3D. Combining such imaging capabilities with experiments carried out ‘‘in situ’’ within an imaging set-up has led to the possibility of directly observing the mechanisms of deformation as they happen. The challenge has thus become extracting pertinent, quantified information from these rich time-lapse 3D

images to elucidate the mechanics at play. This paper presents a new approach (ID-Track) for the quantification of individual grain kinematics (displacements and rotations) of large quantities of sand grains (tens of thousands) in... (More)
Recent developments in the application of x-ray micro-tomography in laboratory geomechanics have

allowed all the individual grains of sand in a test sample to be seen and identified uniquely in 3D. Combining such imaging capabilities with experiments carried out ‘‘in situ’’ within an imaging set-up has led to the possibility of directly observing the mechanisms of deformation as they happen. The challenge has thus become extracting pertinent, quantified information from these rich time-lapse 3D

images to elucidate the mechanics at play. This paper presents a new approach (ID-Track) for the quantification of individual grain kinematics (displacements and rotations) of large quantities of sand grains (tens of thousands) in a test sample undergoing loading. With ID-Track, grains are tracked between images based on some geometrical feature(s) that allow their unique identification and matching between images. This differs from Digital Image Correlation (DIC), which makes measurements by recognising patterns between images. Since ID-Track does not use the image of a grain for tracking, it is significantly faster than DIC. The technique is detailed in the paper, and is shown to be fast and simple, giving good measurements of displacements, but suffering in the measurement of rotations when compared with Discrete DIC. Subsequently, results are presented from successful applications of IDtrack

to triaxial tests on two quite different sands: the angular Hostun sand and the rounded Caicos Ooids. This reveals details on the performance of the technique for different grain shapes and insight into the differences in the grain-scale mechanisms occurring in these two sands as they exhibit strain localisation under triaxial loading. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Experimental discrete geomechanics, Granular media, Shear bands, Particle tracking, In situ x-ray micro-tomography
in
Acta Geotechnica
volume
7
issue
1
pages
1 - 13
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000300769500001
  • scopus:84857644691
ISSN
1861-1133
DOI
10.1007/s11440-011-0151-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2120b633-c600-4fe1-9151-bc66f511922b (old id 2342081)
date added to LUP
2012-02-13 16:06:29
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:03:27
@article{2120b633-c600-4fe1-9151-bc66f511922b,
  abstract     = {Recent developments in the application of x-ray micro-tomography in laboratory geomechanics have<br/><br>
allowed all the individual grains of sand in a test sample to be seen and identified uniquely in 3D. Combining such imaging capabilities with experiments carried out ‘‘in situ’’ within an imaging set-up has led to the possibility of directly observing the mechanisms of deformation as they happen. The challenge has thus become extracting pertinent, quantified information from these rich time-lapse 3D<br/><br>
images to elucidate the mechanics at play. This paper presents a new approach (ID-Track) for the quantification of individual grain kinematics (displacements and rotations) of large quantities of sand grains (tens of thousands) in a test sample undergoing loading. With ID-Track, grains are tracked between images based on some geometrical feature(s) that allow their unique identification and matching between images. This differs from Digital Image Correlation (DIC), which makes measurements by recognising patterns between images. Since ID-Track does not use the image of a grain for tracking, it is significantly faster than DIC. The technique is detailed in the paper, and is shown to be fast and simple, giving good measurements of displacements, but suffering in the measurement of rotations when compared with Discrete DIC. Subsequently, results are presented from successful applications of IDtrack<br/><br>
to triaxial tests on two quite different sands: the angular Hostun sand and the rounded Caicos Ooids. This reveals details on the performance of the technique for different grain shapes and insight into the differences in the grain-scale mechanisms occurring in these two sands as they exhibit strain localisation under triaxial loading.},
  author       = {Andò, Edward and Hall, Stephen and Viggiani, Giaocchino and Desrues, Jacques and Bésuelle, Pierre},
  issn         = {1861-1133},
  keyword      = {Experimental discrete geomechanics,Granular media,Shear bands,Particle tracking,In situ x-ray micro-tomography},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--13},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Acta Geotechnica},
  title        = {Grain scale experimental investigation of localised deformation in sand: a discrete particle tracking approach},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11440-011-0151-6},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}