Advanced

Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of the concotto artefacts from firing places of Longola protohistoric settlement (Naples)

Di Maio, Giovanni; Balassone, Giuseppina; Ferrow, Embaie LU ; Barca, Donatella; Mormone, Angela; Petti, Carmela and Mondillo, Nicola (2011) In Periodico di Mineralogia 80(3). p.351-367
Abstract
A set of concotto samples, a type of fired mixture of various raw materials, coming from firing place of the perifiuvial protohistoric site of Longola (Campania region, southern Italy) was characterized by means of a multi-analytical approach, i.e. polarized light optical microscopy (OM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The specimens generally show a heterogeneous texture, a red-coloured groundmass composed of a mixture of tiny quartz, feldspar, poorly-crystallized goethite, hematite and clay minerals. The crystal fractions show significant amounts of quartz... (More)
A set of concotto samples, a type of fired mixture of various raw materials, coming from firing place of the perifiuvial protohistoric site of Longola (Campania region, southern Italy) was characterized by means of a multi-analytical approach, i.e. polarized light optical microscopy (OM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The specimens generally show a heterogeneous texture, a red-coloured groundmass composed of a mixture of tiny quartz, feldspar, poorly-crystallized goethite, hematite and clay minerals. The crystal fractions show significant amounts of quartz and alkali feldspar and variable percentages of clinopyroxene, leucite, biotite, hematite, magnetite and traces of muscovite. Random secondary phases of calcite, vivianite and gypsum have been identified. The coarser fraction is formed by several types of inclusions, i.e. tephra fragments (pumices, scoriae), volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Illite and very subordinate smectite (montmorillonite) were detected by X-ray diffraction. Trace elements also show a contribution of volcanic raw materials. The Mossbauer analyses at 296 K show the occurrence of paramagnetic Fe(3+) iron (clay minerals) and magnetic Fe(3+) iron (hematite). For the 80 K spectrum, however, two doublets (ferrous and ferric iron in clay minerals) and one sextet (hematite). The concotto samples do not suffer high temperatures, perhaps much lower than 500-600 degrees C in a mainly oxidizing atmosphere. Only sporadically, if any, higher temperatures (> 800 degrees C) might have been reached. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
concotto, archaeometry, Longola, southern Italy, protohistoric site, multi-technique investigations
in
Periodico di Mineralogia
volume
80
issue
3
pages
351 - 367
publisher
Edizioni Nuova Cultura
external identifiers
  • wos:000298768700001
  • scopus:84855837836
ISSN
0369-8963
DOI
10.2451/2011PM0025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cd858d1e-eff3-46ec-9721-e2573fa206d6 (old id 2348359)
date added to LUP
2012-02-24 12:38:31
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:24:01
@article{cd858d1e-eff3-46ec-9721-e2573fa206d6,
  abstract     = {A set of concotto samples, a type of fired mixture of various raw materials, coming from firing place of the perifiuvial protohistoric site of Longola (Campania region, southern Italy) was characterized by means of a multi-analytical approach, i.e. polarized light optical microscopy (OM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The specimens generally show a heterogeneous texture, a red-coloured groundmass composed of a mixture of tiny quartz, feldspar, poorly-crystallized goethite, hematite and clay minerals. The crystal fractions show significant amounts of quartz and alkali feldspar and variable percentages of clinopyroxene, leucite, biotite, hematite, magnetite and traces of muscovite. Random secondary phases of calcite, vivianite and gypsum have been identified. The coarser fraction is formed by several types of inclusions, i.e. tephra fragments (pumices, scoriae), volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Illite and very subordinate smectite (montmorillonite) were detected by X-ray diffraction. Trace elements also show a contribution of volcanic raw materials. The Mossbauer analyses at 296 K show the occurrence of paramagnetic Fe(3+) iron (clay minerals) and magnetic Fe(3+) iron (hematite). For the 80 K spectrum, however, two doublets (ferrous and ferric iron in clay minerals) and one sextet (hematite). The concotto samples do not suffer high temperatures, perhaps much lower than 500-600 degrees C in a mainly oxidizing atmosphere. Only sporadically, if any, higher temperatures (> 800 degrees C) might have been reached.},
  author       = {Di Maio, Giovanni and Balassone, Giuseppina and Ferrow, Embaie and Barca, Donatella and Mormone, Angela and Petti, Carmela and Mondillo, Nicola},
  issn         = {0369-8963},
  keyword      = {concotto,archaeometry,Longola,southern Italy,protohistoric site,multi-technique investigations},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {351--367},
  publisher    = {Edizioni Nuova Cultura},
  series       = {Periodico di Mineralogia},
  title        = {Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of the concotto artefacts from firing places of Longola protohistoric settlement (Naples)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2451/2011PM0025},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2011},
}