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Improving the groundwater-well siting approach in consolidated rock in Nampula Province, Mozambique

Chirindja, F. J. LU ; Dahlin, T. LU and Juizo, D. LU (2017) In Hydrogeology Journal
Abstract

Vertical electrical sounding was used for assessing the suitability of the drill sites in crystalline areas within a water supply project in Nampula Province in Mozambique. Many boreholes have insufficient yield (<600 L/h). Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was carried out over seven boreholes with sufficient yield, and five boreholes with insufficient yield, in Rapale District, in an attempt to understand the reason for the failed boreholes. Two significant hydrogeological units were identified: the altered zone (19–220 ohm-m) with disintegrated rock fragments characterized by intermediate porosity and permeability, and the fractured zone (>420 ohm-m) with low porosity and high permeability. In addition to this, there is... (More)

Vertical electrical sounding was used for assessing the suitability of the drill sites in crystalline areas within a water supply project in Nampula Province in Mozambique. Many boreholes have insufficient yield (<600 L/h). Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was carried out over seven boreholes with sufficient yield, and five boreholes with insufficient yield, in Rapale District, in an attempt to understand the reason for the failed boreholes. Two significant hydrogeological units were identified: the altered zone (19–220 ohm-m) with disintegrated rock fragments characterized by intermediate porosity and permeability, and the fractured zone (>420 ohm-m) with low porosity and high permeability. In addition to this, there is unfractured nonpermeable intact rock with resistivity of thousands of ohm-m. The unsuccessful boreholes were drilled over a highly resistive zone corresponding to fresh crystalline rock and a narrow altered layer with lower resistivity. Successful boreholes were drilled in places where the upper layers with lower resistivity correspond to a well-developed altered layer or a well-fractured basement. There are a few exceptions with boreholes drilled in seemingly favourable locations but they were nevertheless unsuccessful boreholes for unknown reasons. Furthermore, there were boreholes drilled into very resistive zones that produced successful water wells, which may be due to narrow permeable fracture zones that are not resolved by ERT. Community involvement is proposed, in choosing between alternative borehole locations based on information acquired with a scientifically based approach, including conceptual geological models and ERT. This approach could probably lower the borehole failure rate.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Crystalline rocks, Electrical resistivity tomography, Groundwater exploration, Mozambique, Vertical electrical sounding
in
Hydrogeology Journal
pages
13 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85011607393
  • wos:000406286200014
ISSN
1431-2174
DOI
10.1007/s10040-017-1540-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2423a2f4-db74-4b59-aeaf-e2fcecb4993f
date added to LUP
2017-02-15 12:08:24
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:50:02
@article{2423a2f4-db74-4b59-aeaf-e2fcecb4993f,
  abstract     = {<p>Vertical electrical sounding was used for assessing the suitability of the drill sites in crystalline areas within a water supply project in Nampula Province in Mozambique. Many boreholes have insufficient yield (&lt;600 L/h). Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was carried out over seven boreholes with sufficient yield, and five boreholes with insufficient yield, in Rapale District, in an attempt to understand the reason for the failed boreholes. Two significant hydrogeological units were identified: the altered zone (19–220 ohm-m) with disintegrated rock fragments characterized by intermediate porosity and permeability, and the fractured zone (&gt;420 ohm-m) with low porosity and high permeability. In addition to this, there is unfractured nonpermeable intact rock with resistivity of thousands of ohm-m. The unsuccessful boreholes were drilled over a highly resistive zone corresponding to fresh crystalline rock and a narrow altered layer with lower resistivity. Successful boreholes were drilled in places where the upper layers with lower resistivity correspond to a well-developed altered layer or a well-fractured basement. There are a few exceptions with boreholes drilled in seemingly favourable locations but they were nevertheless unsuccessful boreholes for unknown reasons. Furthermore, there were boreholes drilled into very resistive zones that produced successful water wells, which may be due to narrow permeable fracture zones that are not resolved by ERT. Community involvement is proposed, in choosing between alternative borehole locations based on information acquired with a scientifically based approach, including conceptual geological models and ERT. This approach could probably lower the borehole failure rate.</p>},
  author       = {Chirindja, F. J. and Dahlin, T. and Juizo, D.},
  issn         = {1431-2174},
  keyword      = {Crystalline rocks,Electrical resistivity tomography,Groundwater exploration,Mozambique,Vertical electrical sounding},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Hydrogeology Journal},
  title        = {Improving the groundwater-well siting approach in consolidated rock in Nampula Province, Mozambique},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1540-1},
  year         = {2017},
}