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Developing biotechnology clusters in non-high technology regions – The case of Austria

Trippl, Michaela LU and Tödtling, Franz (2007) In Industry and Innovation 14(1). p.47-67
Abstract
This paper explores the role of distant knowledge links and policy actions for the development of biotechnology clusters. It seeks to challenge the prevailing view that the birth and early development of high technology industries are always spontaneous phenomena which are mainly based on local knowledge. Departing from the theoretical concept of regional innovation systems (RIS), a distinction between "RIS with strong potentials for high technology industries" and "RIS with weak potentials for high technology industries" will be drawn. It will be argued that in the latter case the development of biotechnology clusters is more dependent on distant knowledge sources and proactive policy efforts to create a favourable environment for high... (More)
This paper explores the role of distant knowledge links and policy actions for the development of biotechnology clusters. It seeks to challenge the prevailing view that the birth and early development of high technology industries are always spontaneous phenomena which are mainly based on local knowledge. Departing from the theoretical concept of regional innovation systems (RIS), a distinction between "RIS with strong potentials for high technology industries" and "RIS with weak potentials for high technology industries" will be drawn. It will be argued that in the latter case the development of biotechnology clusters is more dependent on distant knowledge sources and proactive policy efforts to create a favourable environment for high technology activities. Furthermore, it will be shown that a far-reaching transformation of the regional innovation system is crucial for catching-up processes of regions which are latecomers in high technology sectors such as biotechnology. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Industry and Innovation
volume
14
issue
1
pages
47 - 67
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:34547445484
ISSN
1366-2716
DOI
10.1080/13662710601130590
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
94c1f70d-2ca7-42c9-9d14-97dbf569e9f8 (old id 2425682)
date added to LUP
2012-03-23 12:35:13
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:23:22
@article{94c1f70d-2ca7-42c9-9d14-97dbf569e9f8,
  abstract     = {This paper explores the role of distant knowledge links and policy actions for the development of biotechnology clusters. It seeks to challenge the prevailing view that the birth and early development of high technology industries are always spontaneous phenomena which are mainly based on local knowledge. Departing from the theoretical concept of regional innovation systems (RIS), a distinction between "RIS with strong potentials for high technology industries" and "RIS with weak potentials for high technology industries" will be drawn. It will be argued that in the latter case the development of biotechnology clusters is more dependent on distant knowledge sources and proactive policy efforts to create a favourable environment for high technology activities. Furthermore, it will be shown that a far-reaching transformation of the regional innovation system is crucial for catching-up processes of regions which are latecomers in high technology sectors such as biotechnology.},
  author       = {Trippl, Michaela and Tödtling, Franz},
  issn         = {1366-2716},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {47--67},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Industry and Innovation},
  title        = {Developing biotechnology clusters in non-high technology regions – The case of Austria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13662710601130590},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2007},
}