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From the ivory tower to the market place: Knowledge organisations in the development of biotechnology clusters

Trippl, Michaela LU and Tödtling, Franz (2008) In Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy 38(2). p.159-175
Abstract
In the emerging knowledge economy, universities are adopting a key role as producers of scientific knowledge and skills, and they are experiencing far reaching changes in their tasks. Their main mission is no longer confined to education and research, but increasingly also covers technology transfer and commercialisation activities. The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent this phenomenon could also be observed in Austria, a country which is not a pio-neer regarding the development of the knowledge economy. Moreover, we are interested in the particular mechanisms of knowledge transfer. We differentiate between four key tasks of uni-versities, including their roles as ―antennae‖ for receiving external knowledge, sources of highly... (More)
In the emerging knowledge economy, universities are adopting a key role as producers of scientific knowledge and skills, and they are experiencing far reaching changes in their tasks. Their main mission is no longer confined to education and research, but increasingly also covers technology transfer and commercialisation activities. The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent this phenomenon could also be observed in Austria, a country which is not a pio-neer regarding the development of the knowledge economy. Moreover, we are interested in the particular mechanisms of knowledge transfer. We differentiate between four key tasks of uni-versities, including their roles as ―antennae‖ for receiving external knowledge, sources of highly skilled labour, cooperation partners for the industry and seedbeds for new firm formation. Fo-cusing on the biotechnology sector we will demonstrate that an opening of the ivory tower and a move of Austrian universities towards the market place has occurred. Furthermore, we will show that these changes to some extent have been policy-driven in nature. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy
volume
38
issue
2
pages
159 - 175
publisher
University of Nebraska at Lincoln
ISSN
1090-4999
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5591c377-f9f1-4f9d-bece-2fff35eb5379 (old id 2425690)
date added to LUP
2012-03-23 12:27:37
date last changed
2016-04-16 06:58:53
@article{5591c377-f9f1-4f9d-bece-2fff35eb5379,
  abstract     = {In the emerging knowledge economy, universities are adopting a key role as producers of scientific knowledge and skills, and they are experiencing far reaching changes in their tasks. Their main mission is no longer confined to education and research, but increasingly also covers technology transfer and commercialisation activities. The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent this phenomenon could also be observed in Austria, a country which is not a pio-neer regarding the development of the knowledge economy. Moreover, we are interested in the particular mechanisms of knowledge transfer. We differentiate between four key tasks of uni-versities, including their roles as ―antennae‖ for receiving external knowledge, sources of highly skilled labour, cooperation partners for the industry and seedbeds for new firm formation. Fo-cusing on the biotechnology sector we will demonstrate that an opening of the ivory tower and a move of Austrian universities towards the market place has occurred. Furthermore, we will show that these changes to some extent have been policy-driven in nature.},
  author       = {Trippl, Michaela and Tödtling, Franz},
  issn         = {1090-4999},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {159--175},
  publisher    = {University of Nebraska at Lincoln},
  series       = {Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy},
  title        = {From the ivory tower to the market place: Knowledge organisations in the development of biotechnology clusters},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2008},
}