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Kungamakt och bonderätt : om danska kungar och bönder i riket och i Göinge härad ca 1525-1640

Persson, Stefan LU (2005) In Centrum för Danmarksstudier 8.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Under tidigmodern tid utvecklades på kronans gods i Danmark en interaktion mellan bönderna och överheten som byggde på intressegemenskap och en tvingande omsorgspraktik. Den nödvändiga samlevnaden mellan styrande och styrda utmärktes av interdependens och intersubjektiva lösningar på konflikter. Detta system framväxte som en nödvändighet för att minska effekterna av böndernas oförmåga att erlägga skatter och andra avgifter vid olika svårigheter. Den materiella aspekten inom denna basala samlevnadsform är klart artikulerad, liksom tanken om ömsesidighet som balanserade böndernas plikt att tjäna och deras rätt till hjälp vid kriser.



På lokalsamhällelig nivå och under speciella... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Under tidigmodern tid utvecklades på kronans gods i Danmark en interaktion mellan bönderna och överheten som byggde på intressegemenskap och en tvingande omsorgspraktik. Den nödvändiga samlevnaden mellan styrande och styrda utmärktes av interdependens och intersubjektiva lösningar på konflikter. Detta system framväxte som en nödvändighet för att minska effekterna av böndernas oförmåga att erlägga skatter och andra avgifter vid olika svårigheter. Den materiella aspekten inom denna basala samlevnadsform är klart artikulerad, liksom tanken om ömsesidighet som balanserade böndernas plikt att tjäna och deras rätt till hjälp vid kriser.



På lokalsamhällelig nivå och under speciella omständigheter utvecklades stundom en mer sofistikerad interaktion mellan kronan och bondemenigheterna. I Göinge härad, beläget vid gränsen mot Sverige, fick bönderna under 1500-talet utökade rättigheter och privilegier till följd av likaså utökade plikter. Befolkningen hade bland annat viktiga gränsvärnsuppdrag under det nordiska sjuårskriget mot Sverige. Det var en följd av det decentraliserade danska försvarssystem som rådde under 1500-talet. Den danska kronan hade också ett näringspolitiskt intresse av den nordskånska skogsbygden och det råmaterial som fanns där. Bönderna kunde stundtals profitera på handeln med kronan. Under Christian IV:s styre påbörjades en centraliseringsprocess som underminerade den tidigare speciella strukturen i Göinge. Häradet blev en integrerad del av den tidigmoderna danska staten, även om vissa lokala särdrag alltjämt levde vidare under det inledande 1600-talet. (Less)
Abstract
In the early-modern period, Danish peasants living on crown estates across the country found a profitable way of interacting with the crown and its representatives. The necessary co-existence of rulers and ruled was marked by inter-dependence, solidarity of interest, and inter-subjective resolution of conflict. The system served to lessen the consequences of natural disasters that otherwise affected the peasant's ability to pay taxes and rent, or to meet other obligations; a negative development that ultimately undermined the standing of both crown and state. The material aspect to this co-existence is distinctive, as is the idea of reciprocity that belanced the peasant's duty to serve and their right to relief during crises. This form of... (More)
In the early-modern period, Danish peasants living on crown estates across the country found a profitable way of interacting with the crown and its representatives. The necessary co-existence of rulers and ruled was marked by inter-dependence, solidarity of interest, and inter-subjective resolution of conflict. The system served to lessen the consequences of natural disasters that otherwise affected the peasant's ability to pay taxes and rent, or to meet other obligations; a negative development that ultimately undermined the standing of both crown and state. The material aspect to this co-existence is distinctive, as is the idea of reciprocity that belanced the peasant's duty to serve and their right to relief during crises. This form of co-existence was the norm across the whole of Denmark.



On a local level, and in special circumstances, a more sophisticated interaction developed between crown and peasantry. In the hundred of Göinge, near the Swedish border, the peasantry increased their rights and privileges in exchange for a broader range of duties, not least military duties. They served as a border defence against Swedish attack in a military system that must be classified as highly decentralised. Further, the Danish crown had a particular interest in the woodlands of northern Scania, including Göinge, and the raw materials the area produced. Thus the peasantry could on occasion profit from trade with the crown. The attempt at centralisation under Christian IV undermined the special structure of Göinge. The hundred became an integrated part of the Danish realm, absorbed into a strong, eraly-modern state, although some distinctive local features survived.



In this thesis I study how non-social and political-military conditions at a local level shaped the co-existence between crown and peasant in Denmark. Countrywide, meanwhile, the basic form of interaction continued as before. The thesis also examines the socio-political transition of a local society from a decentralised structure to one dominated by regulation adn centralisation. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Fil. Dr. Appel, Hans Henrik, Tøjhusmuseet, Köpenhamn
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
De-centralised structure, Inter-dependence, Topography, Border region, Border defences, Identity, Militarisation, Centralisation, Social discipline, Historia, Politisk historia, Political history, Interaction, History
in
Centrum för Danmarksstudier
volume
8
pages
474 pages
publisher
Makadam förlag
defense location
Historiska institutionen, sal 3 Magle Stora Kyrkogata 12 A Lund
defense date
2005-10-01 10:15
ISSN
1651-775X
ISBN
91-7061-018-5
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
ddf259e4-a24e-4c67-b2d9-cc8cada07cd9 (old id 24402)
date added to LUP
2007-05-31 15:50:57
date last changed
2016-11-11 14:05:07
@phdthesis{ddf259e4-a24e-4c67-b2d9-cc8cada07cd9,
  abstract     = {In the early-modern period, Danish peasants living on crown estates across the country found a profitable way of interacting with the crown and its representatives. The necessary co-existence of rulers and ruled was marked by inter-dependence, solidarity of interest, and inter-subjective resolution of conflict. The system served to lessen the consequences of natural disasters that otherwise affected the peasant's ability to pay taxes and rent, or to meet other obligations; a negative development that ultimately undermined the standing of both crown and state. The material aspect to this co-existence is distinctive, as is the idea of reciprocity that belanced the peasant's duty to serve and their right to relief during crises. This form of co-existence was the norm across the whole of Denmark.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
On a local level, and in special circumstances, a more sophisticated interaction developed between crown and peasantry. In the hundred of Göinge, near the Swedish border, the peasantry increased their rights and privileges in exchange for a broader range of duties, not least military duties. They served as a border defence against Swedish attack in a military system that must be classified as highly decentralised. Further, the Danish crown had a particular interest in the woodlands of northern Scania, including Göinge, and the raw materials the area produced. Thus the peasantry could on occasion profit from trade with the crown. The attempt at centralisation under Christian IV undermined the special structure of Göinge. The hundred became an integrated part of the Danish realm, absorbed into a strong, eraly-modern state, although some distinctive local features survived.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In this thesis I study how non-social and political-military conditions at a local level shaped the co-existence between crown and peasant in Denmark. Countrywide, meanwhile, the basic form of interaction continued as before. The thesis also examines the socio-political transition of a local society from a decentralised structure to one dominated by regulation adn centralisation.},
  author       = {Persson, Stefan},
  isbn         = {91-7061-018-5},
  issn         = {1651-775X},
  keyword      = {De-centralised structure,Inter-dependence,Topography,Border region,Border defences,Identity,Militarisation,Centralisation,Social discipline,Historia,Politisk historia,Political history,Interaction,History},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {474},
  publisher    = {Makadam förlag},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Centrum för Danmarksstudier},
  title        = {Kungamakt och bonderätt : om danska kungar och bönder i riket och i Göinge härad ca 1525-1640},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2005},
}