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Rättssäkerhet och tvångsvård. En rättssociologisk studie

Staaf, Annika LU (2005) In Lund Studies in Sociology of Law, Lund University 22.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna rättssociologiska studie handlar om tvångsomhändertagna missbrukares rättssäkerhet under tiden i vård. Författaren undersöker begreppet rättssäkerhet i förhållande till tvångsvårdens verkställighet på så kallade LVM-hem i syfte att finna en begreppsdefinition som är operationaliserbar vid studier av rättssäkerhetens upprätthållande.



Med utgångspunkt i resultaten från en enkätundersökning och uppföljande samtalsintervjuer med anställda inom tvångsvård samt analys av olika styr- och regeldokument visas att rättssäkerheten kan förbättras för de enskilda omhändertagna klienterna i flera betydelsefulla avseenden. Studien visar även att själva begreppet rättssäkerhet är... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna rättssociologiska studie handlar om tvångsomhändertagna missbrukares rättssäkerhet under tiden i vård. Författaren undersöker begreppet rättssäkerhet i förhållande till tvångsvårdens verkställighet på så kallade LVM-hem i syfte att finna en begreppsdefinition som är operationaliserbar vid studier av rättssäkerhetens upprätthållande.



Med utgångspunkt i resultaten från en enkätundersökning och uppföljande samtalsintervjuer med anställda inom tvångsvård samt analys av olika styr- och regeldokument visas att rättssäkerheten kan förbättras för de enskilda omhändertagna klienterna i flera betydelsefulla avseenden. Studien visar även att själva begreppet rättssäkerhet är svårhanterbart för de tvångsvårdande institutionernas olika representanter och en mångfald skiftande syn- och förhållningssätt kommer på olika sätt till uttryck under tvångsvården.



Det finns flera sätt att hantera de svårigheter som existerar i förhållande till rättssäkerhetens upprätthållande på LVM-hemmen och författaren menar att den centrala myndigheten inom SiS har att ta ett större ansvar för sådana frågor. (Less)
Abstract
Compulsory treatment and care is regulated by the Care of Alcoholics and Drug abusers Act (Lag (1988:870) om vård av missbrukare i vissa fall, LVM). The regulation's main purpose is to motivate persons with addictive problems to voluntarily participate in the treatment of their problems. The compulsory care shall continue for a maximum period of six months in special treatment centres (the so-called LVM-homes), in which the treatment-staff have been given special powers to not only impose reasonable and rigorous restrictions on the freedom of movement and the integrity of the inmates, (cf. 31- 36 § § LVM), but also, make other important decisions with respect to the integrity and the personal circumstances of the inmates during and after... (More)
Compulsory treatment and care is regulated by the Care of Alcoholics and Drug abusers Act (Lag (1988:870) om vård av missbrukare i vissa fall, LVM). The regulation's main purpose is to motivate persons with addictive problems to voluntarily participate in the treatment of their problems. The compulsory care shall continue for a maximum period of six months in special treatment centres (the so-called LVM-homes), in which the treatment-staff have been given special powers to not only impose reasonable and rigorous restrictions on the freedom of movement and the integrity of the inmates, (cf. 31- 36 § § LVM), but also, make other important decisions with respect to the integrity and the personal circumstances of the inmates during and after the period of the compulsory care.



This dissertation has an overall aim to study how legal security is apprehended and expressed in the decision-making processes of the LVM-homes and the author takes, as an initial point of departure, research results in jurisprudence pertaining to the concept of legal security and its different definitions. Through this starting point, it is possible to perceive the traditional meaning of the concept, as to how such traditional perceptions can be progressively developed from specific needs and prerequisites descending from an organisational sector. In this case the National Board of Institutional Care, (Statens institutionsstyrelse, SiS).



This new definition of legal security is an agglomeration that comprises different jurisprudential considerations as well as the more specialized information extracted from representatives of the concerned system and their expressed opinions on legal security. It takes formal as well as material considerations.



Subsequently, the constructed concept became the research tool that was used during the empirical studies phase of this dissertation, whereupon it became possible to study how legal security is maintained for the inmates of the LVM-homes. The idea being also that the staff members who perform the practical care and treatment assignments would find such a concept sustainable and through which they will hopefully find ways to uphold legal security in their daily activities. In order to collect material which can complement each other during the result-compilation phase, several methods were used in three different partial studies. In the first partial study relevant legal security policy documents produced by the SiS central organization as well as the local regulations produced by different LVM-homes were studied. The second partial study consists of a questionnaire-survey of some selected staff-members from LVM-homes. The last empirical study consists of interviews with two different groups of staff-members. The results show a relatively fractured picture with respect to the maintenance of legal security values in the LVM-homes. A majority of the respondents are of the opinion that the individual-oriented aspects of integrity and proportion must always be taken into account before and during the decision-making process, at the same time as the decision-makers re-create more of such rules, which in practice appear to have extensive difficulties of being maintained and handle such aspects or adjustments in a much secure way. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Petersen, Hanne, Det Juridiske fakultet, Forskningsafdelning II, Köpenhamns universitet, DK-1455 Köpenhamn K, Denmark
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
LVM., Addiction, Human service organizations, Systems theory, Socio-legal, Compulsory treatment and care, Legal security, Social sciences, Samhällsvetenskaper, Sociology, Sociologi
in
Lund Studies in Sociology of Law, Lund University
volume
22
pages
356 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Stadshallen, Lund
defense date
2005-09-30 10:15
ISSN
1403-7246
ISBN
91-7267-196-3
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
69522c53-3b59-4233-a64e-ece31122cda1 (old id 24435)
date added to LUP
2007-06-04 09:42:16
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{69522c53-3b59-4233-a64e-ece31122cda1,
  abstract     = {Compulsory treatment and care is regulated by the Care of Alcoholics and Drug abusers Act (Lag (1988:870) om vård av missbrukare i vissa fall, LVM). The regulation's main purpose is to motivate persons with addictive problems to voluntarily participate in the treatment of their problems. The compulsory care shall continue for a maximum period of six months in special treatment centres (the so-called LVM-homes), in which the treatment-staff have been given special powers to not only impose reasonable and rigorous restrictions on the freedom of movement and the integrity of the inmates, (cf. 31- 36 § § LVM), but also, make other important decisions with respect to the integrity and the personal circumstances of the inmates during and after the period of the compulsory care.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This dissertation has an overall aim to study how legal security is apprehended and expressed in the decision-making processes of the LVM-homes and the author takes, as an initial point of departure, research results in jurisprudence pertaining to the concept of legal security and its different definitions. Through this starting point, it is possible to perceive the traditional meaning of the concept, as to how such traditional perceptions can be progressively developed from specific needs and prerequisites descending from an organisational sector. In this case the National Board of Institutional Care, (Statens institutionsstyrelse, SiS).<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This new definition of legal security is an agglomeration that comprises different jurisprudential considerations as well as the more specialized information extracted from representatives of the concerned system and their expressed opinions on legal security. It takes formal as well as material considerations.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Subsequently, the constructed concept became the research tool that was used during the empirical studies phase of this dissertation, whereupon it became possible to study how legal security is maintained for the inmates of the LVM-homes. The idea being also that the staff members who perform the practical care and treatment assignments would find such a concept sustainable and through which they will hopefully find ways to uphold legal security in their daily activities. In order to collect material which can complement each other during the result-compilation phase, several methods were used in three different partial studies. In the first partial study relevant legal security policy documents produced by the SiS central organization as well as the local regulations produced by different LVM-homes were studied. The second partial study consists of a questionnaire-survey of some selected staff-members from LVM-homes. The last empirical study consists of interviews with two different groups of staff-members. The results show a relatively fractured picture with respect to the maintenance of legal security values in the LVM-homes. A majority of the respondents are of the opinion that the individual-oriented aspects of integrity and proportion must always be taken into account before and during the decision-making process, at the same time as the decision-makers re-create more of such rules, which in practice appear to have extensive difficulties of being maintained and handle such aspects or adjustments in a much secure way.},
  author       = {Staaf, Annika},
  isbn         = {91-7267-196-3},
  issn         = {1403-7246},
  keyword      = {LVM.,Addiction,Human service organizations,Systems theory,Socio-legal,Compulsory treatment and care,Legal security,Social sciences,Samhällsvetenskaper,Sociology,Sociologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {356},
  publisher    = {Department of Sociology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Sociology of Law, Lund University},
  title        = {Rättssäkerhet och tvångsvård. En rättssociologisk studie},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2005},
}