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Djurens skepnader: Närhet och distans i diskurs och livsvärld

Falkengren, Jutta LU (2005)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna avhandling studeras förhållandet mellan människa och djur, i synnerhet människans relation till lantbrukets djur. Med teoretiska perspektiv från socialkonstruktivism och existentiell fenomenologi behandlas frågor om hur djur och nötkreatur (som utgör en fallstudie) framträder i diskurser och hur de ingår i bönders livsvärldar. Utifrån debatterna om belgisk blå, BSE (galna ko-sjukan) och mul- och klövsjukeepidemin 2001 samt intervjuer med svenska nötköttsbönder diskuteras bland annat vilka betydelser djur har, hur vi uppfattar och når kunskap om djur, hur vi talar om dem och hur vi värderar dem. Människans relationer till djur präglas av komplexitet. Djur kan uppfattas både som passiva... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna avhandling studeras förhållandet mellan människa och djur, i synnerhet människans relation till lantbrukets djur. Med teoretiska perspektiv från socialkonstruktivism och existentiell fenomenologi behandlas frågor om hur djur och nötkreatur (som utgör en fallstudie) framträder i diskurser och hur de ingår i bönders livsvärldar. Utifrån debatterna om belgisk blå, BSE (galna ko-sjukan) och mul- och klövsjukeepidemin 2001 samt intervjuer med svenska nötköttsbönder diskuteras bland annat vilka betydelser djur har, hur vi uppfattar och når kunskap om djur, hur vi talar om dem och hur vi värderar dem. Människans relationer till djur präglas av komplexitet. Djur kan uppfattas både som passiva objekt och som varelser människan kan ha socialt och emotionellt utbyte av. Samtidigt som djur kan betraktas som betydelsefulla i sig diskuteras att frågor om djur ofta tycks handla mer om människan än om djuren. Angreppssättet är brett och perspektiv hämtas från olika kunskapsområden såsom filosofi, idéhistoria, antropologi och sociologi. Till de teman som diskuteras hör modernitet, dualistiskt tänkande, kategorisering av djur, djuretik, antropomorfism, postmodernt tänkande samt djur som aktörer och konstruktioner. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation is concerned with the relationship between humans and animals. In particular, it explores human relations to farm animals, and especially cattle. The empirical and theoretical work is concerned with how animals appear in discourses and how they form part of human life worlds.



Three debates about recent animal-related issues are examined: the introduction of the cattle breed Belgian Blue in Sweden, BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also known as the ?mad cow disease?), and the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001. These issues are primarily described from a Swedish perspective and the material is mainly taken from Swedish news media. This material is used to discuss... (More)
This dissertation is concerned with the relationship between humans and animals. In particular, it explores human relations to farm animals, and especially cattle. The empirical and theoretical work is concerned with how animals appear in discourses and how they form part of human life worlds.



Three debates about recent animal-related issues are examined: the introduction of the cattle breed Belgian Blue in Sweden, BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also known as the ?mad cow disease?), and the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001. These issues are primarily described from a Swedish perspective and the material is mainly taken from Swedish news media. This material is used to discuss animals in discourse. A qualitative interview study with cattle farmers in southern Sweden has been carried out in order to discuss the relations between humans and animals that become possible when the animals are part of everyday human life.



Subjects like what processes and factors affect our understanding of animals, how different attitudes and behaviours toward animals are justified, and how we perceive and acquire knowledge about them are investigated.



The theoretical framework of the empirical study and the subsequent discussion are inspired by social constructivism and discourse theory on the one hand, and existential phenomenology on the other. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Ph.D. Flygare, Iréne, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cultural anthropology, cattle, human-animal relations, animal farming, ethnology, Kulturantropologi, etnologi
pages
299 pages
publisher
Human Ecology Division, Lund University
defense location
Kulturens Auditorium Tegnérsplatsen Lund
defense date
2005-09-30 09:15
ISSN
1403-5022
ISBN
91-628-6564-1
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
26725a64-7990-4be8-89a3-da6d2c5ad1c0 (old id 24448)
date added to LUP
2007-05-31 15:57:18
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{26725a64-7990-4be8-89a3-da6d2c5ad1c0,
  abstract     = {This dissertation is concerned with the relationship between humans and animals. In particular, it explores human relations to farm animals, and especially cattle. The empirical and theoretical work is concerned with how animals appear in discourses and how they form part of human life worlds.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Three debates about recent animal-related issues are examined: the introduction of the cattle breed Belgian Blue in Sweden, BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also known as the ?mad cow disease?), and the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001. These issues are primarily described from a Swedish perspective and the material is mainly taken from Swedish news media. This material is used to discuss animals in discourse. A qualitative interview study with cattle farmers in southern Sweden has been carried out in order to discuss the relations between humans and animals that become possible when the animals are part of everyday human life.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Subjects like what processes and factors affect our understanding of animals, how different attitudes and behaviours toward animals are justified, and how we perceive and acquire knowledge about them are investigated.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The theoretical framework of the empirical study and the subsequent discussion are inspired by social constructivism and discourse theory on the one hand, and existential phenomenology on the other.},
  author       = {Falkengren, Jutta},
  isbn         = {91-628-6564-1},
  issn         = {1403-5022},
  keyword      = {Cultural anthropology,cattle,human-animal relations,animal farming,ethnology,Kulturantropologi,etnologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {299},
  publisher    = {Human Ecology Division, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Djurens skepnader: Närhet och distans i diskurs och livsvärld},
  year         = {2005},
}