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Seger åt Tibet! : den tibetanska diasporan och den religiösa nationen

Piltz, Åse LU (2005) In Lund studies in African and Asian religions 16.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Tibet och den tibetanska buddhismen har i väst ofta kommit att användas som synonymer. Tidigt kom landets otillgänglighet och stängda dörrar mot omvärlden att utöva en stark lockelse för resande och religiösa sökare. De kom i många fall att betrakta landet och dess folk som bevarare av en kunskap och vishet som gått den övriga världen förlorad.



Föreställningen om den religiösa nationen Tibet som idag förs ut av den 14:e Dalai Lama och den exiltibetanska administrationen betonar dess invånares religiösa och pacifistiska karaktär; ett slags nutida Shangri-la. Emellertid har likställandet av den tibetanska kulturen med dess religion inneburit att man även kan bortse från problemet... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Tibet och den tibetanska buddhismen har i väst ofta kommit att användas som synonymer. Tidigt kom landets otillgänglighet och stängda dörrar mot omvärlden att utöva en stark lockelse för resande och religiösa sökare. De kom i många fall att betrakta landet och dess folk som bevarare av en kunskap och vishet som gått den övriga världen förlorad.



Föreställningen om den religiösa nationen Tibet som idag förs ut av den 14:e Dalai Lama och den exiltibetanska administrationen betonar dess invånares religiösa och pacifistiska karaktär; ett slags nutida Shangri-la. Emellertid har likställandet av den tibetanska kulturen med dess religion inneburit att man även kan bortse från problemet med den tibetanska situationen ? kulturen och dess ?juvel? buddhismen, kan överleva utanför det geografiska territoriet. Själva föreställningen om att buddhismen är minst lika viktig som den fysiska överlevnaden innebär att tibetanernas predikament som flyktingar i exil blir tämligen irrelevant.



I denna religionsantropologiska monografi behandlas de bilder som vuxit fram av Tibet både i väst och bland tibetaner i exil. Studien för även fram en del av de konsekvenser skapandet av en religiös nation medför, politiskt och socialt, ur exiltibetanska ungdomars perspektiv. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation in anthropology of religion focuses on images of Tibet, among Westerners as well as among Tibetans. Based on approximately one year of fieldwork in the former British Hill station, it also deals with the politics of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) and some of its political and social implications for the exiled Tibetan youth living in Dharamsala, India.



The Western perception of Tibet has varied considerably over the centuries. Since the 1920s and even more so after the Tibetan exodus in 1959, however, Tibet has to an increasing extent become envisioned as a kind of timeless Shangri-la. This image is often invoked by Westerners as an instrument of cultural critique of Western culture. Among... (More)
This dissertation in anthropology of religion focuses on images of Tibet, among Westerners as well as among Tibetans. Based on approximately one year of fieldwork in the former British Hill station, it also deals with the politics of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) and some of its political and social implications for the exiled Tibetan youth living in Dharamsala, India.



The Western perception of Tibet has varied considerably over the centuries. Since the 1920s and even more so after the Tibetan exodus in 1959, however, Tibet has to an increasing extent become envisioned as a kind of timeless Shangri-la. This image is often invoked by Westerners as an instrument of cultural critique of Western culture. Among Tibetans, however, this image is mainly used to enforce their claim that the survival of Tibetan culture should be of interest to the rest of the world.



The Dalai Lama and the CTA has during the last decades placed its emphasis on Tibet as a religious nation, living in accordance with contemporary ideals. The shift in emphasis from rangzen (independence) to religion has had the unfortunate effect that what has become of primary interest is how to preserve Tibetan Buddhism, the ?jewel? of Tibetan culture. One problem with this is, of course, that Tibetan Buddhism has managed to survive quite well outside Tibet, a fact effectively undermining the argument that the nation-state needs to be restored for Tibetan culture to survive. Hence the identification of Tibetan Buddhism with Tibetan culture makes the question of the need for a national territory of minor importance.



Many of the Tibetan youth in exile, though, consider their nationalistic strivings more important than the survival of Buddhism as a collective phenomenon. That is, they seemed to be more interested in a truly free Tibet, an independent nation-state, than in the strife to create a Buddhist nation within Chinas borders; contemplating religion and culture, but giving up their political rights. Another consequence dealt with in this thesis is the discrepancy between the image of Tibet and the people belonging to its culture, realized in the meeting between ?new arrivals? and the youth who has lived most part of their life in exile. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Försteamanuensis Ström, Axel, Oslo
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Världsreligioner (ej kristendom), Non-Christian religions, Rangzen., Miss Tibet, Bod Gyalo, Shangri-la, Nationalism, Diaspora, Dalai Lama, Government-in-exile, Dharamsala, Refugees, Identity, Anthropology of religion, Tibet, Buddhism, Social sciences, Samhällsvetenskaper
in
Lund studies in African and Asian religions
volume
16
pages
273 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell International
defense location
Spoletorp hörsal, Spolegatan 1R, Lund.
defense date
2005-10-22 13:15
ISSN
0284-8651
ISBN
91-22-02135-3
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
3a8bea86-a375-40cf-ac6c-89844efbe98b (old id 24854)
date added to LUP
2007-06-01 08:40:25
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:54
@phdthesis{3a8bea86-a375-40cf-ac6c-89844efbe98b,
  abstract     = {This dissertation in anthropology of religion focuses on images of Tibet, among Westerners as well as among Tibetans. Based on approximately one year of fieldwork in the former British Hill station, it also deals with the politics of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) and some of its political and social implications for the exiled Tibetan youth living in Dharamsala, India.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The Western perception of Tibet has varied considerably over the centuries. Since the 1920s and even more so after the Tibetan exodus in 1959, however, Tibet has to an increasing extent become envisioned as a kind of timeless Shangri-la. This image is often invoked by Westerners as an instrument of cultural critique of Western culture. Among Tibetans, however, this image is mainly used to enforce their claim that the survival of Tibetan culture should be of interest to the rest of the world.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The Dalai Lama and the CTA has during the last decades placed its emphasis on Tibet as a religious nation, living in accordance with contemporary ideals. The shift in emphasis from rangzen (independence) to religion has had the unfortunate effect that what has become of primary interest is how to preserve Tibetan Buddhism, the ?jewel? of Tibetan culture. One problem with this is, of course, that Tibetan Buddhism has managed to survive quite well outside Tibet, a fact effectively undermining the argument that the nation-state needs to be restored for Tibetan culture to survive. Hence the identification of Tibetan Buddhism with Tibetan culture makes the question of the need for a national territory of minor importance.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Many of the Tibetan youth in exile, though, consider their nationalistic strivings more important than the survival of Buddhism as a collective phenomenon. That is, they seemed to be more interested in a truly free Tibet, an independent nation-state, than in the strife to create a Buddhist nation within Chinas borders; contemplating religion and culture, but giving up their political rights. Another consequence dealt with in this thesis is the discrepancy between the image of Tibet and the people belonging to its culture, realized in the meeting between ?new arrivals? and the youth who has lived most part of their life in exile.},
  author       = {Piltz, Åse},
  isbn         = {91-22-02135-3},
  issn         = {0284-8651},
  keyword      = {Världsreligioner (ej kristendom),Non-Christian religions,Rangzen.,Miss Tibet,Bod Gyalo,Shangri-la,Nationalism,Diaspora,Dalai Lama,Government-in-exile,Dharamsala,Refugees,Identity,Anthropology of religion,Tibet,Buddhism,Social sciences,Samhällsvetenskaper},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {273},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell International},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund studies in African and Asian religions},
  title        = {Seger åt Tibet! : den tibetanska diasporan och den religiösa nationen},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2005},
}