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Landscape of somatic allelic imbalances and copy number alterations in HER2-amplified breast cancer

Staaf, Johan LU ; Jönsson, Göran B LU ; Ringnér, Markus LU ; Baldetorp, Bo LU and Borg, Åke LU (2011) In Breast Cancer Research 13(6).
Abstract
Introduction: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-amplified breast cancer represents a clinically well-defined subgroup due to availability of targeted treatment. However, HER2-amplified tumors have been shown to be heterogeneous at the genomic level by genome-wide microarray analyses, pointing towards a need of further investigations for identification of recurrent copy number alterations and delineation of patterns of allelic imbalance. Methods: High-density whole genome array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array data from 260 HER2-amplified breast tumors or cell lines, and 346 HER2-negative breast cancers with molecular subtype information were assembled from different... (More)
Introduction: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-amplified breast cancer represents a clinically well-defined subgroup due to availability of targeted treatment. However, HER2-amplified tumors have been shown to be heterogeneous at the genomic level by genome-wide microarray analyses, pointing towards a need of further investigations for identification of recurrent copy number alterations and delineation of patterns of allelic imbalance. Methods: High-density whole genome array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array data from 260 HER2-amplified breast tumors or cell lines, and 346 HER2-negative breast cancers with molecular subtype information were assembled from different repositories. Copy number alteration (CNA), loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH), copy number neutral allelic imbalance (CNN-AI), subclonal CNA and patterns of tumor DNA ploidy were analyzed using bioinformatical methods such as genomic identification of significant targets in cancer (GISTIC) and genome alteration print (GAP). The patterns of tumor ploidy were confirmed in 338 unrelated breast cancers analyzed by DNA flow cytometry with concurrent BAC aCGH and gene expression data. Results: A core set of 36 genomic regions commonly affected by copy number gain or loss was identified by integrating results with a previous study, together comprising > 400 HER2-amplified tumors. While CNN-AI frequency appeared evenly distributed over chromosomes in HER2-amplified tumors, not targeting specific regions and often < 20% in frequency, the occurrence of LOH was strongly associated with regions of copy number loss. HER2-amplified and HER2-negative tumors stratified by molecular subtypes displayed different patterns of LOH and CNN-AI, with basal-like tumors showing highest frequencies followed by HER2-amplified and luminal B cases. Tumor aneuploidy was strongly associated with increasing levels of LOH, CNN-AI, CNAs and occurrence of subclonal copy number events, irrespective of subtype. Finally, SNP data from individual tumors indicated that genomic amplification in general appears as monoallelic, that is, it preferentially targets one parental chromosome in HER2-amplified tumors. Conclusions: We have delineated the genomic landscape of CNAs, amplifications, LOH, and CNN-AI in HER2-amplified breast cancer, but also demonstrated a strong association between different types of genomic aberrations and tumor aneuploidy irrespective of molecular subtype. (Less)
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type
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publication status
published
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in
Breast Cancer Research
volume
13
issue
6
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000301173700021
  • scopus:83355161415
ISSN
1465-5411
DOI
10.1186/bcr3075
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
011a7e65-be86-417e-9958-c5b08ddf6c84 (old id 2493892)
date added to LUP
2012-05-08 08:24:32
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:22:29
@article{011a7e65-be86-417e-9958-c5b08ddf6c84,
  abstract     = {Introduction: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-amplified breast cancer represents a clinically well-defined subgroup due to availability of targeted treatment. However, HER2-amplified tumors have been shown to be heterogeneous at the genomic level by genome-wide microarray analyses, pointing towards a need of further investigations for identification of recurrent copy number alterations and delineation of patterns of allelic imbalance. Methods: High-density whole genome array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array data from 260 HER2-amplified breast tumors or cell lines, and 346 HER2-negative breast cancers with molecular subtype information were assembled from different repositories. Copy number alteration (CNA), loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH), copy number neutral allelic imbalance (CNN-AI), subclonal CNA and patterns of tumor DNA ploidy were analyzed using bioinformatical methods such as genomic identification of significant targets in cancer (GISTIC) and genome alteration print (GAP). The patterns of tumor ploidy were confirmed in 338 unrelated breast cancers analyzed by DNA flow cytometry with concurrent BAC aCGH and gene expression data. Results: A core set of 36 genomic regions commonly affected by copy number gain or loss was identified by integrating results with a previous study, together comprising &gt; 400 HER2-amplified tumors. While CNN-AI frequency appeared evenly distributed over chromosomes in HER2-amplified tumors, not targeting specific regions and often &lt; 20% in frequency, the occurrence of LOH was strongly associated with regions of copy number loss. HER2-amplified and HER2-negative tumors stratified by molecular subtypes displayed different patterns of LOH and CNN-AI, with basal-like tumors showing highest frequencies followed by HER2-amplified and luminal B cases. Tumor aneuploidy was strongly associated with increasing levels of LOH, CNN-AI, CNAs and occurrence of subclonal copy number events, irrespective of subtype. Finally, SNP data from individual tumors indicated that genomic amplification in general appears as monoallelic, that is, it preferentially targets one parental chromosome in HER2-amplified tumors. Conclusions: We have delineated the genomic landscape of CNAs, amplifications, LOH, and CNN-AI in HER2-amplified breast cancer, but also demonstrated a strong association between different types of genomic aberrations and tumor aneuploidy irrespective of molecular subtype.},
  articleno    = {R129},
  author       = {Staaf, Johan and Jönsson, Göran B and Ringnér, Markus and Baldetorp, Bo and Borg, Åke},
  issn         = {1465-5411},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Breast Cancer Research},
  title        = {Landscape of somatic allelic imbalances and copy number alterations in HER2-amplified breast cancer},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/bcr3075},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2011},
}