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Water management in cities of the future using emission control strategies for priority hazardous substances

Eriksson, E.; Revitt, D. M.; Ledin, Anna LU ; Lundy, L.; Lutzhoft, H. C. Holten; Wickman, T. and Mikkelsen, P. S. (2011) In Water Science and Technology 64(10). p.2109-2118
Abstract
Cities of the future face challenges with respect to the quantity and quality of water resources, and multiple managerial options need to be considered in order to safeguard urban surface water quality. In a recently completed project on 'Source control options for reducing emissions of Priority Pollutants' (ScorePP), seven emission control strategies (ECSs) were developed and tested within a semi-hypothetical case city (SHCC) to evaluate their potential to reduce the emission of selected European priority hazardous substances (PHSs) to surface waters. The ECSs included (1) business-as-usual, (2) full implementation of relevant European (EU) directives, (3) ECS2 in combination with voluntary options for household, municipalities and... (More)
Cities of the future face challenges with respect to the quantity and quality of water resources, and multiple managerial options need to be considered in order to safeguard urban surface water quality. In a recently completed project on 'Source control options for reducing emissions of Priority Pollutants' (ScorePP), seven emission control strategies (ECSs) were developed and tested within a semi-hypothetical case city (SHCC) to evaluate their potential to reduce the emission of selected European priority hazardous substances (PHSs) to surface waters. The ECSs included (1) business-as-usual, (2) full implementation of relevant European (EU) directives, (3) ECS2 in combination with voluntary options for household, municipalities and industry, (4) ECS2 combined with industrial treatment and best available technologies (BAT), (5) ECS2 in combination with stormwater and combined sewer overflow treatment, (6) ECS2 in combination with advanced wastewater treatment, and (7) combinations of ECS3-6. The SHCC approach was chosen to facilitate transparency, to allow compensating for data gaps and to decrease the level of uncertainty in the results. The selected PHSs: cadmium (Cd), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), nonylphenol (NP) and pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE) differ in their uses and environmental fate and therefore accumulate in surface waters to differing extents in response to the application of alternative ECS. To achieve the required reduction in PHS levels in urban waters the full implementation of existing EU regulation is prioritised and feasible combinations of managerial and technological options (source control and treatment) can be highly relevant for mitigating releases. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
combined sewer, overflows, source control, wastewater treatment, water management, best management practices, best available technologies
in
Water Science and Technology
volume
64
issue
10
pages
2109 - 2118
publisher
IWA Publishing
external identifiers
  • wos:000298053600023
  • scopus:82655162342
ISSN
0273-1223
DOI
10.2166/wst.2011.797
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
24c41668-140e-487b-af7b-faf5e452ee17 (old id 2493974)
date added to LUP
2012-05-11 14:49:57
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:27:52
@article{24c41668-140e-487b-af7b-faf5e452ee17,
  abstract     = {Cities of the future face challenges with respect to the quantity and quality of water resources, and multiple managerial options need to be considered in order to safeguard urban surface water quality. In a recently completed project on 'Source control options for reducing emissions of Priority Pollutants' (ScorePP), seven emission control strategies (ECSs) were developed and tested within a semi-hypothetical case city (SHCC) to evaluate their potential to reduce the emission of selected European priority hazardous substances (PHSs) to surface waters. The ECSs included (1) business-as-usual, (2) full implementation of relevant European (EU) directives, (3) ECS2 in combination with voluntary options for household, municipalities and industry, (4) ECS2 combined with industrial treatment and best available technologies (BAT), (5) ECS2 in combination with stormwater and combined sewer overflow treatment, (6) ECS2 in combination with advanced wastewater treatment, and (7) combinations of ECS3-6. The SHCC approach was chosen to facilitate transparency, to allow compensating for data gaps and to decrease the level of uncertainty in the results. The selected PHSs: cadmium (Cd), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), nonylphenol (NP) and pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE) differ in their uses and environmental fate and therefore accumulate in surface waters to differing extents in response to the application of alternative ECS. To achieve the required reduction in PHS levels in urban waters the full implementation of existing EU regulation is prioritised and feasible combinations of managerial and technological options (source control and treatment) can be highly relevant for mitigating releases.},
  author       = {Eriksson, E. and Revitt, D. M. and Ledin, Anna and Lundy, L. and Lutzhoft, H. C. Holten and Wickman, T. and Mikkelsen, P. S.},
  issn         = {0273-1223},
  keyword      = {combined sewer,overflows,source control,wastewater treatment,water management,best management practices,best available technologies},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2109--2118},
  publisher    = {IWA Publishing},
  series       = {Water Science and Technology},
  title        = {Water management in cities of the future using emission control strategies for priority hazardous substances},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2011.797},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2011},
}