Advanced

Determinants of persistent asthma in young adults

Traulsen, Lisbet Krogh ; Halling, Anders LU ; Bælum, Jesper ; Davidsen, Jesper Rømhild ; Miller, Martin ; Omland, Øyvind ; Sherson, David ; Sigsgaard, Torben ; Thilsing, Trine and Thomsen, Gert , et al. (2018) In European clinical respiratory journal 5(1). p.1-9
Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate determinants for the prognosis of asthma in a population-based cohort of young adults. Design: The study was a nine-year clinical follow up of 239 asthmatic subjects from an enriched population-based sample of 1,191 young adults, aged 20-44 years, who participated in an interviewer-administered questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline in 2003-2006. From the interview, an asthma score was generated as the simple sum of affirmative answers to five main asthma-like symptoms in order to analyse symptoms of asthma as a continuum. The clinical examination comprised spirometry, bronchial challenge or bronchodilation, and skin prick test. Results: Among the 239 individuals with asthma at... (More)

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate determinants for the prognosis of asthma in a population-based cohort of young adults. Design: The study was a nine-year clinical follow up of 239 asthmatic subjects from an enriched population-based sample of 1,191 young adults, aged 20-44 years, who participated in an interviewer-administered questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline in 2003-2006. From the interview, an asthma score was generated as the simple sum of affirmative answers to five main asthma-like symptoms in order to analyse symptoms of asthma as a continuum. The clinical examination comprised spirometry, bronchial challenge or bronchodilation, and skin prick test. Results: Among the 239 individuals with asthma at baseline 164 (69%) had persistent asthma at follow up, while 68 (28%) achieved remission of asthma and seven (3%) were diagnosed with COPD solely. Determinants for persistent asthma were use of medication for breathing within the last 12 months: Short-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (SABA) only (OR 3.39; 95%CI: 1.47-7.82) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and/or long-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (LABA) (8.95; 3.87-20.69). Stratified by age of onset determinants for persistence in individuals with early-onset asthma (age less than 16 years) were FEV₁ below predicted (7.12; 1.61-31.50), asthma score at baseline (2.06; 1.15-3.68) and use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (9.87; 1.95-49.98). In individuals with late-onset asthma the determinant was use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (6.84; 2.09-22.37). Conclusions: Pulmonary function below predicted, severity of disease expressed by asthma score and use of ICS and/or LABA were all determinants for persistent early-onset asthma, whereas only use of ICS and/or LABA was a determinant in late-onset asthma. A high asthma score indicated insufficient disease control in a substantial proportion of these young adults.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; and , et al. (More)
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; and (Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European clinical respiratory journal
volume
5
issue
1
article number
1478593
pages
1 - 9
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:29887979
  • scopus:85065871257
ISSN
2001-8525
DOI
10.1080/20018525.2018.1478593
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
24df576d-c7aa-4850-98c1-38884c81c81c
date added to LUP
2019-05-27 10:29:01
date last changed
2021-05-11 02:29:50
@article{24df576d-c7aa-4850-98c1-38884c81c81c,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate determinants for the prognosis of asthma in a population-based cohort of young adults. Design: The study was a nine-year clinical follow up of 239 asthmatic subjects from an enriched population-based sample of 1,191 young adults, aged 20-44 years, who participated in an interviewer-administered questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline in 2003-2006. From the interview, an asthma score was generated as the simple sum of affirmative answers to five main asthma-like symptoms in order to analyse symptoms of asthma as a continuum. The clinical examination comprised spirometry, bronchial challenge or bronchodilation, and skin prick test. Results: Among the 239 individuals with asthma at baseline 164 (69%) had persistent asthma at follow up, while 68 (28%) achieved remission of asthma and seven (3%) were diagnosed with COPD solely. Determinants for persistent asthma were use of medication for breathing within the last 12 months: Short-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (SABA) only (OR 3.39; 95%CI: 1.47-7.82) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and/or long-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (LABA) (8.95; 3.87-20.69). Stratified by age of onset determinants for persistence in individuals with early-onset asthma (age less than 16 years) were FEV₁ below predicted (7.12; 1.61-31.50), asthma score at baseline (2.06; 1.15-3.68) and use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (9.87; 1.95-49.98). In individuals with late-onset asthma the determinant was use of ICS and/or LABA within 12 months (6.84; 2.09-22.37). Conclusions: Pulmonary function below predicted, severity of disease expressed by asthma score and use of ICS and/or LABA were all determinants for persistent early-onset asthma, whereas only use of ICS and/or LABA was a determinant in late-onset asthma. A high asthma score indicated insufficient disease control in a substantial proportion of these young adults.</p>},
  author       = {Traulsen, Lisbet Krogh and Halling, Anders and Bælum, Jesper and Davidsen, Jesper Rømhild and Miller, Martin and Omland, Øyvind and Sherson, David and Sigsgaard, Torben and Thilsing, Trine and Thomsen, Gert and Skadhauge, Lars Rauff},
  issn         = {2001-8525},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--9},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {European clinical respiratory journal},
  title        = {Determinants of persistent asthma in young adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20018525.2018.1478593},
  doi          = {10.1080/20018525.2018.1478593},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2018},
}