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Social Capital and Self-rated Health: testing association with longitudinal and multilevel methodologies

Giordano, Giuseppe Nicola LU (2012) In Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2012:31.
Abstract
Since Durkheim’s seminal work over a century ago, research has repeatedly shown that individuals with higher levels of social integration, social networks and social support have better health status. However, the recent introduction of a contextual phenomenon known as social capital to the field of public health has sparked lively debate as to how it may also influence the health of individuals, if at all.

Though critics have raised several points of contention regarding reported association between social capital and health over recent years, one outstanding issue remains: the lack of empirical research focusing on causal relationships, due to paucity of adequate longitudinal social capital data.



The overall... (More)
Since Durkheim’s seminal work over a century ago, research has repeatedly shown that individuals with higher levels of social integration, social networks and social support have better health status. However, the recent introduction of a contextual phenomenon known as social capital to the field of public health has sparked lively debate as to how it may also influence the health of individuals, if at all.

Though critics have raised several points of contention regarding reported association between social capital and health over recent years, one outstanding issue remains: the lack of empirical research focusing on causal relationships, due to paucity of adequate longitudinal social capital data.



The overall aim of this thesis is to test association between different social capital proxies and self-rated health (SRH), alongside other well-known health determinants, using multilevel and longitudinal data, whilst employing a variety of study designs and methods. All data used in this thesis come from the United Kingdom’s British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from years 2000, 03, 05, 07 and 08. The underlying premise of this body of work is to investigate temporal (causal) relationships between social capital and health.



All four papers of this thesis demonstrate that generalised trust is the most robust of all social capital proxies tested, it maintaining a positive association with SRH over time. Furthermore, results from paper III imply that prior trust levels can predict future SRH, lending weight to the hypothesis that trust is an independent determinant of health. However, debate remains as to whether generalised trust solely captures social capital or other, more tangible aspects of social cohesion. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Westerling, Ragnar, Uppsala Universitet
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Temporal relationships, Multilevel, Longitudinal, Participation, Trust, Self-rated health, United Kingdom, Social capital
in
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
volume
2012:31
pages
172 pages
publisher
Lund University
defense location
Aulan, CRC, Malmö
defense date
2012-05-08 09:00
ISSN
1652-8220
ISBN
978-91-86871-93-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
33119ee2-a1ff-4e01-82da-176416a5338d (old id 2518139)
date added to LUP
2012-04-30 13:18:45
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:49
@phdthesis{33119ee2-a1ff-4e01-82da-176416a5338d,
  abstract     = {Since Durkheim’s seminal work over a century ago, research has repeatedly shown that individuals with higher levels of social integration, social networks and social support have better health status. However, the recent introduction of a contextual phenomenon known as social capital to the field of public health has sparked lively debate as to how it may also influence the health of individuals, if at all.<br/><br>
Though critics have raised several points of contention regarding reported association between social capital and health over recent years, one outstanding issue remains: the lack of empirical research focusing on causal relationships, due to paucity of adequate longitudinal social capital data. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The overall aim of this thesis is to test association between different social capital proxies and self-rated health (SRH), alongside other well-known health determinants, using multilevel and longitudinal data, whilst employing a variety of study designs and methods. All data used in this thesis come from the United Kingdom’s British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from years 2000, 03, 05, 07 and 08. The underlying premise of this body of work is to investigate temporal (causal) relationships between social capital and health.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
All four papers of this thesis demonstrate that generalised trust is the most robust of all social capital proxies tested, it maintaining a positive association with SRH over time. Furthermore, results from paper III imply that prior trust levels can predict future SRH, lending weight to the hypothesis that trust is an independent determinant of health. However, debate remains as to whether generalised trust solely captures social capital or other, more tangible aspects of social cohesion.},
  author       = {Giordano, Giuseppe Nicola},
  isbn         = {978-91-86871-93-2},
  issn         = {1652-8220},
  keyword      = {Temporal relationships,Multilevel,Longitudinal,Participation,Trust,Self-rated health,United Kingdom,Social capital},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {172},
  publisher    = {Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series},
  title        = {Social Capital and Self-rated Health: testing association with longitudinal and multilevel methodologies},
  volume       = {2012:31},
  year         = {2012},
}