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Exploration and Development of Methodology for Accessibility Assessments: Based on the Notion of Person-Environment Fit

Slaug, Björn LU (2012) In Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2012:41.
Abstract
To improve population health, it is important to create environments that support activity, participation and health. One crucial aspect concerns the degree to which the built environment is accessible for all people including those with reduced functional capacity. The overarching objective of this thesis was to explore and further develop methodology for accessibility assessments based on the notion of person-environment fit. Type profiles that represent groups characterized by their combinations of functional limitations were explored as an approach to analyze accessibility problems at the group level. To support societal planning and decision procedures, basic simulated accessibility analyses were conducted as a method to identify... (More)
To improve population health, it is important to create environments that support activity, participation and health. One crucial aspect concerns the degree to which the built environment is accessible for all people including those with reduced functional capacity. The overarching objective of this thesis was to explore and further develop methodology for accessibility assessments based on the notion of person-environment fit. Type profiles that represent groups characterized by their combinations of functional limitations were explored as an approach to analyze accessibility problems at the group level. To support societal planning and decision procedures, basic simulated accessibility analyses were conducted as a method to identify different sets of housing improvement priorities that are applicable for groups with different functional capacity. Sixty-one core environmental barriers in terms of accessibility problem detection were identified. This represented a preliminary version of an accessibility screening tool, which can be efficient for research and policy interventions focusing on accessibility. Based on a conceptual analysis, techniques for statistically analyzing the variation of agreement data were explored. This approach can identify the most influential sources of disagreement. Finally, a typology of person-environment fit constellations was constructed, which will thereby facilitate an extension of the methodology for accessibility assessments that are applicable in different environmental arenas. The results of this thesis have implications for further research related to the development of tools and methods that can ultimately support societal efforts in achieving a built environment that is accessible for all citizens, regardless of functional capacity. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Jagger, Carol, Newcastle University, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Accessibility, Aged, Disabled persons, Environmental barrier, Environment design, Functional limitation, Interrater agreement, Public health, Supportive environments
in
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
volume
2012:41
pages
188 pages
publisher
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University
defense location
Health Sciences Centre, Baravägen 3, Lund
defense date
2012-06-01 13:00
ISSN
1652-8220
ISBN
978-91-87189-03-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4e79bbc3-5e0c-41a4-9af3-27fe00bac0b2 (old id 2539367)
date added to LUP
2012-05-11 12:42:58
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:46
@phdthesis{4e79bbc3-5e0c-41a4-9af3-27fe00bac0b2,
  abstract     = {To improve population health, it is important to create environments that support activity, participation and health. One crucial aspect concerns the degree to which the built environment is accessible for all people including those with reduced functional capacity. The overarching objective of this thesis was to explore and further develop methodology for accessibility assessments based on the notion of person-environment fit. Type profiles that represent groups characterized by their combinations of functional limitations were explored as an approach to analyze accessibility problems at the group level. To support societal planning and decision procedures, basic simulated accessibility analyses were conducted as a method to identify different sets of housing improvement priorities that are applicable for groups with different functional capacity. Sixty-one core environmental barriers in terms of accessibility problem detection were identified. This represented a preliminary version of an accessibility screening tool, which can be efficient for research and policy interventions focusing on accessibility. Based on a conceptual analysis, techniques for statistically analyzing the variation of agreement data were explored. This approach can identify the most influential sources of disagreement. Finally, a typology of person-environment fit constellations was constructed, which will thereby facilitate an extension of the methodology for accessibility assessments that are applicable in different environmental arenas. The results of this thesis have implications for further research related to the development of tools and methods that can ultimately support societal efforts in achieving a built environment that is accessible for all citizens, regardless of functional capacity.},
  author       = {Slaug, Björn},
  isbn         = {978-91-87189-03-6},
  issn         = {1652-8220},
  keyword      = {Accessibility,Aged,Disabled persons,Environmental barrier,Environment design,Functional limitation,Interrater agreement,Public health,Supportive environments},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {188},
  publisher    = {Department of Health Sciences, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series},
  title        = {Exploration and Development of Methodology for Accessibility Assessments: Based on the Notion of Person-Environment Fit},
  volume       = {2012:41},
  year         = {2012},
}