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Kampf um Raum

Abrahamsson, Christian LU (2011) Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, 2011
Abstract
Recently there has been an upsurge of writings within geography on life itself and the various configurations and procedures that produce and sustain life. There is, of course, an older literature within geography that has emphasized the relation between life and space. I am thinking primarily of the anthropogeography/biogeography of Friedrich Ratzel and his concept Lebensraum and its corollary notion of human existence as a Kampf um Raum [struggle for space]. This paper argues that there is a need to understand how the relation between life and space has been conceptualized in earlier geographical scholarship, particularly since much of the contemporary literature draws on work contemporaneous with and inspired by Ratzel e.g. the ethology... (More)
Recently there has been an upsurge of writings within geography on life itself and the various configurations and procedures that produce and sustain life. There is, of course, an older literature within geography that has emphasized the relation between life and space. I am thinking primarily of the anthropogeography/biogeography of Friedrich Ratzel and his concept Lebensraum and its corollary notion of human existence as a Kampf um Raum [struggle for space]. This paper argues that there is a need to understand how the relation between life and space has been conceptualized in earlier geographical scholarship, particularly since much of the contemporary literature draws on work contemporaneous with and inspired by Ratzel e.g. the ethology of von Uexküll, the vitalism of Tarde and the legal philosophies of Schmitt. This paper will focus on the ways that, through the concept of Lebensraum, a geographical imagination became intertwined with, on one hand, a specific biological imagination (i.e. the evolutionary theories of Darwin and Haeckel) and, on the other, a specific political imagination (i.e. the organic state theories and geopolitics of Kjellén and Haushofer). Further I will discuss how this bio/political/geographical imagination became a key political and ideological operator in the planning policies of the Nazi-state. In this final part of the paper I will focus on the role that Lebensraum played in Hans Grimm's bestselling book Volk ohne Raum (1928) [People without space] and Himmler's Generalplan Ost. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
unpublished
subject
keywords
Lebensraum, struggle for space, Friedrich Ratzel, Hans Grimm, people without space, Generalplan Ost
conference name
Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, 2011
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
f90837bf-60e8-42ce-8321-cd2f4df43ed5 (old id 2543311)
date added to LUP
2012-05-30 11:19:12
date last changed
2016-06-29 08:56:46
@misc{f90837bf-60e8-42ce-8321-cd2f4df43ed5,
  abstract     = {Recently there has been an upsurge of writings within geography on life itself and the various configurations and procedures that produce and sustain life. There is, of course, an older literature within geography that has emphasized the relation between life and space. I am thinking primarily of the anthropogeography/biogeography of Friedrich Ratzel and his concept Lebensraum and its corollary notion of human existence as a Kampf um Raum [struggle for space]. This paper argues that there is a need to understand how the relation between life and space has been conceptualized in earlier geographical scholarship, particularly since much of the contemporary literature draws on work contemporaneous with and inspired by Ratzel e.g. the ethology of von Uexküll, the vitalism of Tarde and the legal philosophies of Schmitt. This paper will focus on the ways that, through the concept of Lebensraum, a geographical imagination became intertwined with, on one hand, a specific biological imagination (i.e. the evolutionary theories of Darwin and Haeckel) and, on the other, a specific political imagination (i.e. the organic state theories and geopolitics of Kjellén and Haushofer). Further I will discuss how this bio/political/geographical imagination became a key political and ideological operator in the planning policies of the Nazi-state. In this final part of the paper I will focus on the role that Lebensraum played in Hans Grimm's bestselling book Volk ohne Raum (1928) [People without space] and Himmler's Generalplan Ost.},
  author       = {Abrahamsson, Christian},
  keyword      = {Lebensraum,struggle for space,Friedrich Ratzel,Hans Grimm,people without space,Generalplan Ost},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Kampf um Raum},
  year         = {2011},
}