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Öppna universum! : slutna traditioner i Salman Rushdies Satansverserna

Bergenhorn, Mats LU (2006) In Lund Studies in History of Religions 22.
Abstract
This thesis in islamology shows how Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses (1988) examines questions concerning religion, nationality, race, and power, compromise and authenticity in a time when different global processes have created new ways of perceiving and relating to different traditions. It examines how The Satanic Verses portrays how people apprehend themselves and others when the conditions for these traditions are changing, and the potential threats of religious fundamentalism, nationalism and racism.



The thesis makes use of Mikhail Bakhtins theories of literature and language not only to analyze the novel and its artistic devices but also as a means of approaching and conceptualizing a multiplicity of... (More)
This thesis in islamology shows how Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses (1988) examines questions concerning religion, nationality, race, and power, compromise and authenticity in a time when different global processes have created new ways of perceiving and relating to different traditions. It examines how The Satanic Verses portrays how people apprehend themselves and others when the conditions for these traditions are changing, and the potential threats of religious fundamentalism, nationalism and racism.



The thesis makes use of Mikhail Bakhtins theories of literature and language not only to analyze the novel and its artistic devices but also as a means of approaching and conceptualizing a multiplicity of different historical and contemporary discourses. Bakhtins thoughts about heteroglossia, hybridity and centrifugal and centripetal forces are useful for an understanding of different ways of perceiving discourses about religion, nationality and race. His understanding of genres as ways of seeing, through which we perceive and visualize the world, is used in the thesis to analyze The Satanic Verses' treatment of these issues.



The thesis shows how The Satanic Verses depicts how conceptions of Englishness and Britishness are being used in racist doctrines and acts. The novel throws into light some of the consequences that these doctrines and acts have for those who are living in Great Britain but not considered part of these conceptions.



The analysis of The Satanic Verses' treatment of religious issues is divided into three parts. In the first part the thesis suggests that the novel can be read as a critical dialogue with episodes, characters and beliefs from Islamic traditions as they are perceived, delineated, interpreted and put to use in both Muslim and non-Muslim accounts and acts. The second part offers an analysis of The Satanic Verses'



criticism of Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic revolution of Iran. The thesis shows how the novel uses allusions to the reports of Muhammeds' nightly journey to Jerusalem, isra, and the following ascension, miraj. The last part depicts The Satanic Verses' critique of some of the consequences of Hindu nationalism and some of its conceptions of India. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling i islamologi visar hur Salman Rushdies roman Satansverserna (1988) gestaltar frågeställningar om religion, nationalitet, ras och om makt, kompromiss och autenticitet i en samtid där globala processer har lett till nya sätt att uppfatta och förhålla sig till olika traditioner. Avhandlingen visar hur Satansverserna skildrar hur människan uppfattar sig själva och andra när villkoren för dessa traditioner förändras samt hur romanen belyser olika hotbilder i form av nationalism, rasism och religiös fundamentalism.



Avhandlingen använder Michail Bachtins språk- och litteraturteorier inte bara för att analysera romanen och dess konstnärliga grepp utan även för att... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling i islamologi visar hur Salman Rushdies roman Satansverserna (1988) gestaltar frågeställningar om religion, nationalitet, ras och om makt, kompromiss och autenticitet i en samtid där globala processer har lett till nya sätt att uppfatta och förhålla sig till olika traditioner. Avhandlingen visar hur Satansverserna skildrar hur människan uppfattar sig själva och andra när villkoren för dessa traditioner förändras samt hur romanen belyser olika hotbilder i form av nationalism, rasism och religiös fundamentalism.



Avhandlingen använder Michail Bachtins språk- och litteraturteorier inte bara för att analysera romanen och dess konstnärliga grepp utan även för att närma sig och konceptualisera en historisk och samtida samhällelig diskursiv mångfald och föränderlighet. Bachtins tankar om heteroglossi, hybriditet och centrifugala respektive centripetala krafter används i avhandlingen för att förstå frågor som rör uppfattningar om religion, nationalitet och ras. Hans föreställning om genrer som seenden genom vilka vi uppfatta och visualiserar omvärldens diskursiva mångfald används för att analysera Satansversernas litterära gestaltning av dessa frågor.



Avhandlingen visar hur Satansverserna skildrar hur föreställningar om engelskhet och brittiskhet används i rasistiska doktriner och praktiker och de konsekvenser som dessa har för dem som lever i Storbritannien men som i rasistiska diskurser stängs ute från engelskhetens och brittiskhetens kategorier.



Analysen av Satansversernas behandling av frågeställningar rörande religion är indelad i tre kapitel. I det första visar avhandlingen hur romanen kan läsas som en dialog, ofta kritisk, med händelser, personer och trosföreställningar i islamiska traditioner såsom de uppfattas, skildras, tolkas och kommer till uttryck i såväl muslimers som icke-muslimers framställningar och handlingar. Det andra kapitlet innehåller en analys av Satansversernas kritik mot Ayatollah Khomeini och den islamiska revolutionen i Iran. Avhandlingen visar hur romanen i denna kritik bland annat använder anspelningar på berättelserna om Profeten Muhammeds nattliga resa till Jerusalem, isra, och den därpå följande himmelsfärden, miraj. I det tredje kapitlet analyseras Satansversernas kritik mot den hinduiska nationalismens verkningar och några av dess uppfattningar om Indien. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Prof. Hylland Eriksen, Thomas, Oslo University
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Islam, hindutva, hinduism, rasism, nationalism, islamism, globalisering, Margaret Thatcher, Enoch Powell, Muhammed, Khomeini, Frantz Fanon, Salman Rushdie, Michail Bachtin, General and comparative literature, Allmän och jämförande litteraturvetenskap
in
Lund Studies in History of Religions
volume
22
pages
315 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell International
defense location
Spoletorp, Spolegatan 1 R, Lund
defense date
2006-06-07 14:15:00
ISSN
1103-4882
ISBN
91-22-02147-7
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
37d4eaac-9528-4f9c-93f4-20fccfeb8ade (old id 25448)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:16:18
date last changed
2019-05-21 19:41:48
@phdthesis{37d4eaac-9528-4f9c-93f4-20fccfeb8ade,
  abstract     = {This thesis in islamology shows how Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses (1988) examines questions concerning religion, nationality, race, and power, compromise and authenticity in a time when different global processes have created new ways of perceiving and relating to different traditions. It examines how The Satanic Verses portrays how people apprehend themselves and others when the conditions for these traditions are changing, and the potential threats of religious fundamentalism, nationalism and racism.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The thesis makes use of Mikhail Bakhtins theories of literature and language not only to analyze the novel and its artistic devices but also as a means of approaching and conceptualizing a multiplicity of different historical and contemporary discourses. Bakhtins thoughts about heteroglossia, hybridity and centrifugal and centripetal forces are useful for an understanding of different ways of perceiving discourses about religion, nationality and race. His understanding of genres as ways of seeing, through which we perceive and visualize the world, is used in the thesis to analyze The Satanic Verses' treatment of these issues.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The thesis shows how The Satanic Verses depicts how conceptions of Englishness and Britishness are being used in racist doctrines and acts. The novel throws into light some of the consequences that these doctrines and acts have for those who are living in Great Britain but not considered part of these conceptions.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The analysis of The Satanic Verses' treatment of religious issues is divided into three parts. In the first part the thesis suggests that the novel can be read as a critical dialogue with episodes, characters and beliefs from Islamic traditions as they are perceived, delineated, interpreted and put to use in both Muslim and non-Muslim accounts and acts. The second part offers an analysis of The Satanic Verses'<br/><br>
<br/><br>
criticism of Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic revolution of Iran. The thesis shows how the novel uses allusions to the reports of Muhammeds' nightly journey to Jerusalem, isra, and the following ascension, miraj. The last part depicts The Satanic Verses' critique of some of the consequences of Hindu nationalism and some of its conceptions of India.},
  author       = {Bergenhorn, Mats},
  isbn         = {91-22-02147-7},
  issn         = {1103-4882},
  language     = {swe},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell International},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in History of Religions},
  title        = {Öppna universum! : slutna traditioner i Salman Rushdies Satansverserna},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2006},
}