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Are safety investigations pro-active?

Stoop, John and Dekker, Sidney LU (2012) In Safety Science 50(6). p.1422-1430
Abstract
This paper elaborates on the debate whether safety investigations are obsolete and should be replaced by more modern safety assessment approaches. Despite their past performance, in particular in aviation, accident investigations are criticized for their reactive nature and the lack of learning potential they provide. Although safety management systems are considered a modern method with a more prospective potential, they too are hard to judge by their quantitative performance. Instead of measuring both concepts along the lines of their output, this contribution explores the origin, context and notions behind both approaches. Both approaches prove to be adaptive to new developments and have the ability to shift their focus towards learning... (More)
This paper elaborates on the debate whether safety investigations are obsolete and should be replaced by more modern safety assessment approaches. Despite their past performance, in particular in aviation, accident investigations are criticized for their reactive nature and the lack of learning potential they provide. Although safety management systems are considered a modern method with a more prospective potential, they too are hard to judge by their quantitative performance. Instead of measuring both concepts along the lines of their output, this contribution explores the origin, context and notions behind both approaches. Both approaches prove to be adaptive to new developments and have the ability to shift their focus towards learning and cognition. In assessing their potential, accident investigations prove to cover a specific domain of application in the risk domain of low probability and major consequences, fulfilling a mission as public safety assessor. In order to make optimal use of their analytic and diagnostic potential, investigations should mobilize more complex and sophisticated scientific theories and notions, in particular of a non-linear nature. Consequently, they are neither reactive, nor proactive, but provide a specific approach to safety issues. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Accident investigation, Human factor, Methodology, Safety management, system
in
Safety Science
volume
50
issue
6
pages
1422 - 1430
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000303644700007
  • scopus:84857801485
ISSN
0925-7535
DOI
10.1016/j.ssci.2011.03.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f4c977db-d938-457a-a7b1-27f8274f7f48 (old id 2545401)
date added to LUP
2012-05-29 14:09:18
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:08:33
@article{f4c977db-d938-457a-a7b1-27f8274f7f48,
  abstract     = {This paper elaborates on the debate whether safety investigations are obsolete and should be replaced by more modern safety assessment approaches. Despite their past performance, in particular in aviation, accident investigations are criticized for their reactive nature and the lack of learning potential they provide. Although safety management systems are considered a modern method with a more prospective potential, they too are hard to judge by their quantitative performance. Instead of measuring both concepts along the lines of their output, this contribution explores the origin, context and notions behind both approaches. Both approaches prove to be adaptive to new developments and have the ability to shift their focus towards learning and cognition. In assessing their potential, accident investigations prove to cover a specific domain of application in the risk domain of low probability and major consequences, fulfilling a mission as public safety assessor. In order to make optimal use of their analytic and diagnostic potential, investigations should mobilize more complex and sophisticated scientific theories and notions, in particular of a non-linear nature. Consequently, they are neither reactive, nor proactive, but provide a specific approach to safety issues. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Stoop, John and Dekker, Sidney},
  issn         = {0925-7535},
  keyword      = {Accident investigation,Human factor,Methodology,Safety management,system},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1422--1430},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Safety Science},
  title        = {Are safety investigations pro-active?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2011.03.004},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2012},
}