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Longitudinal changes in weight in relation to smoking cessation in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study

Travier, Noemie; Agudo, Antonio; May, Anne M.; Gonzalez, Carlos; Luan, Jian'an; Wareham, Nick J.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; van den Berg, Saskia W.; Slimani, Nadia and Rinaldi, Sabina, et al. (2012) In Preventive Medicine 54(3-4). p.183-192
Abstract
Purpose. We assessed the association between smoking cessation and prospective weight change in the European population of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of smoking. Eating out of home And obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Methods. The study involved more than 300,000 healthy volunteers, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 9 European countries, who provided data on anthropometry and smoking habits at baseline and after a follow-up of 5 years on average. Adjusted mixed-effects linear regression models were used to obtain sex-specific summary estimates of the association between the change in smoking status and the annual change in weight. Results. Smoking... (More)
Purpose. We assessed the association between smoking cessation and prospective weight change in the European population of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of smoking. Eating out of home And obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Methods. The study involved more than 300,000 healthy volunteers, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 9 European countries, who provided data on anthropometry and smoking habits at baseline and after a follow-up of 5 years on average. Adjusted mixed-effects linear regression models were used to obtain sex-specific summary estimates of the association between the change in smoking status and the annual change in weight. Results. Smoking cessation tends to be followed by weight gain; when compared to stable smokers, annual weight gain was higher in men (0.44 kg (95%CI: 0.36; 0.52)) and women (0.46 kg (95%CI: 0.41; 0.52)) who stopped smoking during follow-up. When smokers who stopped smoking at least 1 year before recruitment were compared to never smokers, no major differences in annual weight gain were observed. The excess weight gain following smoking cessation appears to mainly occur in the first years following the cessation. Conclusions. When considering the benefits of smoking cessation, such findings strengthen the need for promoting cessation offering information on weight gain control and support to weight-concerned smokers in order to remove a barrier to quitting. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Smoking cessation, Weight gain, Cohort study, Europe, EPIC
in
Preventive Medicine
volume
54
issue
3-4
pages
183 - 192
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000302593000001
  • scopus:84858970478
ISSN
1096-0260
DOI
10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.09.003
language
English
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yes
id
81f99461-706e-4bbb-bed2-00c15abd05b2 (old id 2571312)
date added to LUP
2012-06-01 08:55:28
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:27:45
@article{81f99461-706e-4bbb-bed2-00c15abd05b2,
  abstract     = {Purpose. We assessed the association between smoking cessation and prospective weight change in the European population of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of smoking. Eating out of home And obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Methods. The study involved more than 300,000 healthy volunteers, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 9 European countries, who provided data on anthropometry and smoking habits at baseline and after a follow-up of 5 years on average. Adjusted mixed-effects linear regression models were used to obtain sex-specific summary estimates of the association between the change in smoking status and the annual change in weight. Results. Smoking cessation tends to be followed by weight gain; when compared to stable smokers, annual weight gain was higher in men (0.44 kg (95%CI: 0.36; 0.52)) and women (0.46 kg (95%CI: 0.41; 0.52)) who stopped smoking during follow-up. When smokers who stopped smoking at least 1 year before recruitment were compared to never smokers, no major differences in annual weight gain were observed. The excess weight gain following smoking cessation appears to mainly occur in the first years following the cessation. Conclusions. When considering the benefits of smoking cessation, such findings strengthen the need for promoting cessation offering information on weight gain control and support to weight-concerned smokers in order to remove a barrier to quitting. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Travier, Noemie and Agudo, Antonio and May, Anne M. and Gonzalez, Carlos and Luan, Jian'an and Wareham, Nick J. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and van den Berg, Saskia W. and Slimani, Nadia and Rinaldi, Sabina and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Palli, Domenico and Sieri, Sabina and Mattiello, Amalia and Tumino, Rosario and Vineis, Paolo and Norat, Teresa and Romaguera, Dora and Rodriguez, Laudina and Sanchez, Maria-Jose and Dorronsoro, Miren and Barricarte, Aurelio and Huerta, Jose M. and Key, Tim J. and Orfanos, Philippos and Naska, Androniki and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Rohrmann, Sabina and Kaaks, Rudolf and Bergmann, Manuela M. and Boeing, Heiner and Hallmans, Goran and Johansson, Ingegerd and Manjer, Jonas and Lindkvist, Bjorn and Jakobsen, Mariane U. and Overvad, Kim and Tjonneland, Anne and Halkjaer, Jytte and Lund, Eiliv and Braaten, Toni and Odysseos, Andreani and Riboli, Elio and Peeters, Petra H.},
  issn         = {1096-0260},
  keyword      = {Smoking cessation,Weight gain,Cohort study,Europe,EPIC},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {183--192},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Preventive Medicine},
  title        = {Longitudinal changes in weight in relation to smoking cessation in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.09.003},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2012},
}